Past Favors Recalled. 1Moses summoned all Israel and said to them, “You have seen all that the LORDdid in the land of Egypt before your very eyes to Pharaoh and all his servants and to all his land; 2the great testings your own eyes have seen, and those great signs and wonders. h Dt 4, 34; Ex 19, 4 . 3But not even at the present day has the LORD yet given you a mind to understand, or eyes to see, or ears to hear.* 4‘I led you for forty years in the desert. i Dt 8, 2. 4 . Your clothes did not fall from you in tatters nor your sandals from your feet; 5bread was not your food, nor wine or beer your drink. Thus you should know that I, the LORD, am your God.’ 6 j Dt 2, 24. 32; 3, 1; Nm 21, 33ff . When we came to this place, Sihon, king of Heshbon, and Og, king of Bashan, came out to engage us in battle, but we defeated them 7and took over their land, which we then gave as a heritage to the Reubenites, Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh. k Dt 3, 16; Nm 32, 33 . 8Keep the terms of this covenant, therefore, and fulfill them, that you may succeed in whatever you do.
All Israel Bound to the Covenant. 9“You are all now standing before the LORD, your God—your chiefs and judges, your elders and officials, and all of the men of Israel, 10together with your wives and children and the aliens who live in your camp, down to those who hew wood and draw water for you— 11that you may enter into the covenant of the LORD, your God, which he concluded with you today under this sanction of a curse;* 12so that he may now establish you as his people and he may be your God, as he promised you and as he swore to your fathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. 13But it is not with you alone that I am making this covenant, under this sanction of a curse; 14it is just as much with those who are not here among us* today as it is with those of us who are now here present before the LORD, our God.
Warning against Idolatry. 15“You know in what surroundings we lived in the land of Egypt and what we passed by in the nations we traversed, 16and you saw the loathsome idols of wood and stone, of gold and silver, that they possess. 17Let there be, then, no man or woman, no clan or tribe among you, who would now turn away their hearts from the LORD, our God, to go and serve these pagan gods! Let there be no root that would bear such poison and wormwood among you! 18If any such person, upon hearing the words of this curse, should beguile himself into thinking that he can safely persist in his stubbornness of heart, as though to sweep away both the watered soil and the parched ground,* 19the LORD will never consent to pardon him. Instead, the LORD's wrath and jealousy will flare up against that man, and every curse mentioned in this book will alight on him. The LORD will blot out his name from under the heavens 20and will single him out from all the tribes of Israel for doom, in keeping with all the curses of the covenant inscribed in this book of the law.
Punishment for Infidelity. 21“Future generations, your own descendants who will rise up after you, as well as the foreigners who will come here from far‐off lands, when they see the calamities of this land and the ills with which the LORD has smitten it— 22all its soil being nothing but sulphur and salt, a burnt‐out waste, unsown and unfruitful, without a blade of grass, destroyed like Sodom and Gomorrah, l Gn 14, 10f; 19, 24f . Admah and Zeboiim, which the LORD overthrew in his furious wrath— 23they and all the nations will ask, ‘Why has the LORD dealt thus with this land? Why this fierce outburst of wrath?’ m 23f: 1 Kgs 9, 8f; Jer 22, 8f . 24And the answer will be, ‘Because they forsook the covenant which the LORD, the God of their fathers, had made with them when he brought them out of the land of Egypt, 25and they went and served other gods and adored them, gods whom they did not know and whom he had not let fall to their lot: 26that is why the LORD was angry with this land and brought on it all the imprecations listed in this book; 27in his furious wrath and tremendous anger the LORD uprooted them from their soil and cast them out into a strange land, n Dn 9, 11–14 . where they are today.’ 28[Both what is still hidden* and what has already been revealed concern us and our descendants forever, that we may carry out all the words of this law.]