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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 23

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Holy Days. 1The LORD said to Moses, 2“Speak to the Israelites and tell them: The following are the festivals of the LORD, my feast days, which you shall celebrate with a sacred assembly.

3“For six days work may be done; but the seventh day is the sabbath rest, a day for sacred assembly, on which you shall do no work. The sabbath shall belong to the LORD wherever you dwell. z Ex 20, 8–11; 23, 12; 31, 14f; 34, 21; Dt 5, 12–15; Lk 13, 14 .

Passover. 4“These, then, are the festivals of the LORD which you shall celebrate at their proper time with a sacred assembly. a Ex 23, 14–19 . 5The Passover of the LORD falls on the fourteenth day of the first month, at the evening twilight. b Nm 9, 2f; 28, 16 . 6The fifteenth day of this month is the LORD's feast of Unleavened Bread. For seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. c Ex 12, 18; 13, 3. 10; 23, 15; 34, 18 . 7On the first of these days you shall hold a sacred assembly and do no sort of work. d Ex 12, 15; Nm 28, 18. 25 . 8On each of the seven days you shall offer an oblation to the LORD. Then on the seventh day you shall again hold a sacred assembly and do no sort of work.”

9The LORD said to Moses, 10“Speak to the Israelites and tell them: When you come into the land which I am giving you, and reap your harvest, you shall bring a sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest, 11who shall wave the sheaf before the LORD that it may be acceptable for you. On the day after the sabbath* the priest shall do this. 12On this day, when your sheaf is waved, you shall offer to the LORD for a holocaust an unblemished yearling lamb. 13Its cereal offering shall be two tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, as a sweet‐smelling oblation to the LORD; and its libation shall be a fourth of a hin of wine. 14Until this day, when you bring your God this offering, you shall not eat any bread* or roasted grain or fresh kernels. This shall be a perpetual statute for you and your descendants wherever you dwell.

Pentecost. 15“Beginning with the day after the sabbath, the day on which you bring the wave‐offering sheaf, you shall count seven full weeks, e Ex 34, 22; Nm 28, 26; Dt 16, 9 . 16and then on the day after the seventh week, the fiftieth* day, f Acts 2, 1 . you shall present the new cereal offering to the LORD. 17For the wave offering of your first fruits to the LORD, you shall bring with you from wherever you live two loaves of bread made of two tenths of an ephah of fine flour and baked with leaven. 18Besides the bread, you shall offer to the LORD a holocaust of seven unblemished yearling lambs, one young bull, and two rams, along with their cereal offering and libations, as a sweet‐smelling oblation to the LORD. 19One male goat shall be sacrificed as a sin offering, and two yearling lambs as a peace offering. g Nm 28, 30 . 20The priest shall wave the bread of the first fruits and the two lambs as a wave offering before the LORD; these shall be sacred to the LORD and belong to the priest. 21On this same day you shall by proclamation have a sacred assembly, and no sort of work may be done. This shall be a perpetual statute for you and your descendants wherever you dwell.

22“When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not be so thorough that you reap the field to its very edge, nor shall you glean the stray ears of your grain. These things you shall leave for the poor and the alien. I, the LORD, am your God.”

New Year's Day. 23The LORD said to Moses, 24“Tell the Israelites: On the first day of the seventh month you shall keep a sabbath rest, with a sacred assembly and with the trumpet blasts as a reminder; 25you shall then do no sort of work, and you shall offer an oblation to the LORD.”

The Day of Atonement. 26 h Lv 25, 9 . The LORD said to Moses, 27“The tenth of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement, i Lv 16, 29f; Nm 29, 7 . when you shall hold a sacred assembly and mortify yourselves and offer an oblation to the LORD. 28On this day you shall not do any work, because it is the Day of Atonement, when atonement is made for you before the LORD, your God. 29Anyone who does not mortify himself on this day shall be cut off from his people; 30and if anyone does any work on this day, I will remove him from the midst of his people. 31This is a perpetual statute for you and your descendants wherever you dwell: you shall do no work, 32but shall keep a sabbath of complete rest and mortify yourselves. Beginning on the evening of the ninth of the month, you shall keep this sabbath of yours from evening to evening.”

The Feast of Booths. 33The LORD said to Moses, 34“Tell the Israelites: The fifteenth day of this seventh month j Nm 29, 12; Dt 16, 13; 2 Mc 1, 9. 18; Jn 7, 2 . is the LORD's feast of Booths,* which shall continue for seven days. 35On the first day there shall be a sacred assembly, and you shall do no sort of work. 36For seven days you shall offer an oblation to the LORD, and on the eighth day you shall again hold a sacred assembly and offer an oblation to the LORD. On that solemn closing you shall do no sort of work.

37“These, therefore, are the festivals of the LORD on which you shall proclaim a sacred assembly, and offer as an oblation to the LORD holocausts and cereal offerings, sacrifices and libations, as prescribed for each day, 38in addition to those of the LORD's sabbaths, your donations, your various votive offerings and the free‐will offerings that you present to the LORD.

39“On the fifteenth day, then, of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the produce of the land, k Ex 23, 16; Dt 16, 13 . you shall celebrate a pilgrim feast of the LORD for a whole week. The first and the eighth day shall be days of complete rest. 40On the first day you shall gather foliage* from majestic trees, branches of palms and boughs of myrtles and of valley poplars, and then for a week you shall make merry before the LORD, your God. 41By perpetual statute for you and your descendants you shall keep this pilgrim feast of the LORD for one whole week l Nm 29, 12–38 . in the seventh month of the year. 42During this week every native Israelite among you shall dwell in booths, 43that your descendants m Dt 31, 10–13 . may realize that, when I led the Israelites out of the land of Egypt, I made them dwell in booths. I, the LORD, am your God.”

44Thus did Moses announce to the Israelites the festivals of the LORD.

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