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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 15

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1In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam son of Nebat, Abijam became king of Judah. 2He reigned in Jerusalem for three years; his mother was Maacah granddaughter a 15:2 granddaughter: lit. daughter. of Abishalom. 3All the sins that his father before him had committed he also committed, nor was he faithful to the LORD his God as his ancestor David had been. 4But for David's sake the LORD his God gave him a lamp to burn in Jerusalem, by establishing his dynasty and making Jerusalem secure, 5because David had done what was right in the eyes of the LORD and had not disobeyed any of his commandments all his life, except in the matter of Uriah the Hittite b 15:5 except…Hittite: prob. rdg; Heb. adds 6There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all his days (cp. 14:30). . 7The other acts and events of Abijam's reign are recorded in the annals of the kings of Judah. There was war between Abijam and Jeroboam. 8Abijam rested with his forefathers and was buried in the city of David; his son Asa succeeded him.

9In the twentieth year of King Jeroboam of Israel, Asa became king of Judah. 10He reigned in Jerusalem for forty-one years; his grandmother c 15:10 grandmother: lit. mother. was Maacah granddaughter d granddaughter: lit. daughter. of Abishalom. 11Asa did what was right in the eyes of the LORD, as his ancestor David had done. 12He expelled from the land the male prostitutes attached to the shrines and removed all the idols which his predecessors had made. 13 e 15:13–15 Cp. 2 Chr. 15:16–18 . He even deprived Maacah his grandmother of her rank as queen mother because she had an obscene object made for the worship of Asherah; Asa cut it down and burnt it in the wadi Kidron. 14Although the shrines were allowed to remain, Asa himself remained faithful to the LORD all his life. 15He brought into the house of the LORD all his father's votive offerings and his own, the silver and gold and the sacred vessels.

16There was war between Asa and King Baasha of Israel all through their reigns. 17 f 15:17–22 Cp. 2 Chr. 16:1–6 . King Baasha invaded Judah and fortified Ramah to prevent anyone leaving or entering the kingdom of Asa of Judah. 18Asa took all the silver and gold that remained in the treasuries of the house of the LORD and the palace, and sent his servants with them to Ben-hadad son of Tabrimmon, son of Hezion, king of Aram, whose capital was Damascus, with instructions to say, 19‘Let there be an alliance between us, as there was between our fathers. Herewith I send you a present of silver and gold; break off your alliance with King Baasha of Israel, so that he will abandon his campaign against me.’ 20Ben-hadad listened with approval to King Asa; he ordered his army commanders to move against the towns of Israel, and they attacked Iyyon, Dan, Abel-beth-maacah, and that part of Kinnereth which marches with the land of Naphtali. 21When Baasha heard of it, he discontinued the fortifying of Ramah and fell back on Tirzah. 22Then King Asa issued a proclamation requiring every man in Judah without exception to join in removing the stones of Ramah and the timbers with which Baasha had fortified it, and he used them to fortify Geba of Benjamin and Mizpah.

23 g 15:23–24 Cp. 2 Chr. 16:11–14 . All the other events of Asa's reign, his exploits and achievements, and the towns he built, are recorded in the annals of the kings of Judah. But in his old age he was afflicted with disease in his feet. 24He rested with his forefathers and was buried with them in the city of his ancestor David; he was succeeded by his son Jehoshaphat.

25Nadab son of Jeroboam became king of Israel in the second year of King Asa of Judah, and he reigned for two years. 26He did what was wrong in the eyes of the LORD and followed in his father's footsteps, repeating the sin which Jeroboam had led Israel to commit. 27Baasha son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar, conspired against him and attacked him at Gibbethon, a Philistine town which Nadab was besieging with all his forces. 28Baasha slew him and usurped the throne in the third year of King Asa of Judah. 29As soon as he became king, he struck down the whole family of Jeroboam, destroying every living soul and leaving not one survivor. Thus the word of the LORD was fulfilled which he spoke through his servant Ahijah the Shilonite. 30This happened because of the sins of Jeroboam and the sins which he led Israel to commit, and because he had provoked the anger of the LORD the God of Israel. 31The other events of Nadab's reign and all his acts are recorded in the annals of the kings of Israel. 32There was war between Asa and King Baasha of Israel throughout their reigns.

33In the third year of King Asa of Judah, Baasha son of Ahijah became king of all Israel in Tirzah and reigned for twenty-four years. 34He did what was wrong in the eyes of the LORD and followed in Jeroboam's footsteps, repeating the sin which Jeroboam had led Israel to commit.

Notes:

a 15:2 granddaughter: lit. daughter.

b 15:5 except…Hittite: prob. rdg; Heb. adds 6There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all his days (cp. 14:30).

c 15:10 grandmother: lit. mother.

d granddaughter: lit. daughter.

e 15:13–15 Cp. 2 Chr. 15:16–18 .

f 15:17–22 Cp. 2 Chr. 16:1–6 .

g 15:23–24 Cp. 2 Chr. 16:11–14 .

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