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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 12

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1It was in the seventh year of Jehu that Joash became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem for forty years; his mother was Zibiah from Beersheba. 2He did what was right in the eyes of the LORD all his days, as Jehoiada the priest had taught him. 3The shrines, however, were allowed to remain; the people continued to sacrifice and burn offerings there.

4Joash ordered that all the silver brought as holy-gifts into the house of the LORD, the silver for which each man was assessed a 12:4 all the silver … was assessed: prob. rdg; Heb. obscure. , the silver for the persons assessed under his name, and any silver brought voluntarily to the house of the LORD, 5should be taken by the priests, each receiving it from a treasurer; he also ordered them to repair the house wherever it was found necessary. 6But in the twenty-third year of Joash's reign the priests had still not carried out the repairs. 7The king summoned Jehoiada the priest along with the other priests and asked, ‘Why are you not repairing the house? Henceforth you need not receive the money from your treasurers, but hand it over for the repair of the house.’ 8The priests agreed neither to receive money from the people nor to undertake the repairs of the house themselves.

9Jehoiada the priest took a chest, bored a hole in the lid, and put it beside the sacrificial slaughtering-place b 12:9 sacrificial slaughtering-place: prob. rdg; Heb. altar. on the right side going into the house of the LORD. The priests on duty at the entrance put in it all the money brought to the house of the LORD. 10Whenever they saw that the chest was well filled, the king's secretary and the high priest came and melted down the silver found in the house of the LORD and weighed it. 11When it had been checked, they handed over the silver to those supervising the work in the house of the LORD, and they paid the carpenters and the builders working there 12and the masons and the stone-cutters; they used it also to purchase timber and hewn stone for the repairs and for all other expenses connected with them. 13They did not use the money brought into the house of the LORD to make silver cups, snuffers, tossing-bowls, trumpets, or any gold or silver vessels; 14but they used it for paying the workmen and for the repairs. 15No account was asked from the men to whom the money was given for the payment of the workers; they were acting on trust. 16Money from reparation-offerings and purification-offerings was not brought into the house of the LORD: it belonged to the priests.

17King Hazael of Aram came up at that time and attacked Gath, and after its capture he moved on against Jerusalem. 18There-upon King Joash of Judah took all the holy-gifts that Jehoshaphat, Joram, and Ahaziah his forefathers, kings of Judah, had dedicated, and his own holy-gifts, and all the gold that was in the treasuries of the house of the LORD and in the royal palace, and sent them to Hazael; and he withdrew from Jerusalem.

19The other acts and events of the reign of Joash are recorded in the annals of the kings of Judah. 20 c 12:20–21 Cp. 2 Chr. 24:25–27 . His servants rose against him in a conspiracy and assassinated him in the house of Millo on the descent to Silla; 21it was his servants Jozachar d 12:21 Jozachar: so some MSS; others Jozabad. son of Shimeath and Jehozabad son of Shomer who struck the fatal blow. He was buried with his forefathers in the city of David. His son Amaziah succeeded him.

Notes:

a 12:4 all the silver … was assessed: prob. rdg; Heb. obscure.

b 12:9 sacrificial slaughtering-place: prob. rdg; Heb. altar.

c 12:20–21 Cp. 2 Chr. 24:25–27 .

d 12:21 Jozachar: so some MSS; others Jozabad.

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