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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 8

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1 a 8:1–14 Cp. 1 Chr. 18:1–13 . After this David attacked and subdued the Philistines, and took from them Metheg-ha-ammah. 2He defeated the Moabites and made them lie along the ground, where he measured them off with a length of cord; for every two lengths that were to be put to death one full length was spared. The Moabites became subject to him and paid tribute.

3David also defeated Hadadezer the Rehobite, king of Zobah, who was on his way to restore his monument of victory by b 8:3 restore…victory by: or recover control of the crossings of. the river Euphrates. 4From him David captured seventeen hundred horse and twenty thousand foot-soldiers; he hamstrung all the chariot-horses, except a hundred which he retained. 5When the Aramaeans of Damascus came to the aid of King Hadadezer of Zobah, David destroyed twenty-two thousand of them, 6and stationed garrisons among these Aramaeans; they became subject to him and paid tribute. Thus the LORD gave David victory wherever he went. 7David took the gold shields c 8:7 shields: or quivers. borne by Hadadezer's attendants and brought them to Jerusalem; 8he also removed from Hadadezer's cities, Betah and Berothai, a great quantity of bronze d 8:8,10 bronze: or copper. .

9When King Toi of Hamath heard that David had defeated Hadadezer's entire army, 10he sent his son Joram to King David to greet him and to congratulate him on his victory over Hadadezer, for Hadadezer had been at war with Toi; Joram brought with him vessels of silver, gold, and bronze. 11These King David dedicated to the LORD, along with the silver and gold taken from all the nations he had subdued, 12from Edom e 8:12 Edom: so some MSS; others Aram. and Moab, from the Ammonites, the Philistines, and Amalek, as well as part of the spoil taken from Hadadezer the Rehobite, king of Zobah.

13David made a great name for himself by the slaughter of eighteen thousand Edomites f 8:13 Edomites: so some MSS; others Aramaeans. in the Valley of Salt. 14He stationed garrisons throughout Edom, and all the Edomites became subject to him. The LORD gave David victory wherever he went.

15 g 8:15–18 Cp. 20:23–26; 1 Kgs. 4:2–6 ; 1 Chr. 18:14–17 . David ruled over the whole of Israel and maintained law and justice among all his people. 16Joab son of Zeruiah was in command of the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was secretary of state; 17Zadok and Abiathar son of Ahimelech, son of Ahitub h 8:17 and Abiathar…Ahitub: prob. rdg, cp. 1 Sam. 22:11 , 20 ; 2 Sam. 20:25 ; Heb. son of Ahitub and Ahimelech son of Abiathar. , were priests; Seraiah was adjutant-general; 18Benaiah son of Jehoiada commanded i 8:18 commanded: so Lat., cp. 2 Sam. 20:23 ; 1 Chr. 18:17 ; Heb. and. the Kerethite and Pelethite guards. David's sons were priests.

Notes:

a 8:1–14 Cp. 1 Chr. 18:1–13 .

b 8:3 restore…victory by: or recover control of the crossings of.

c 8:7 shields: or quivers.

d 8:8,10 bronze: or copper.

e 8:12 Edom: so some MSS; others Aram.

f 8:13 Edomites: so some MSS; others Aramaeans.

g 8:15–18 Cp. 20:23–26; 1 Kgs. 4:2–6 ; 1 Chr. 18:14–17 .

h 8:17 and Abiathar…Ahitub: prob. rdg, cp. 1 Sam. 22:11 , 20 ; 2 Sam. 20:25 ; Heb. son of Ahitub and Ahimelech son of Abiathar.

i 8:18 commanded: so Lat., cp. 2 Sam. 20:23 ; 1 Chr. 18:17 ; Heb. and.

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