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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 1

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1The prophecies of Isaiah son of Amoz, who prophesied concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

2Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth, For the LORD has spoken: “I reared children and brought them up— And they have rebelled against Me! 3An ox knows its owner, An ass its master‐s crib: Israel does not know, My people takes no thought.”

4Ah, sinful nation! People laden with iniquity! Brood of evildoers! Depraved children! They have forsaken the LORD, Spurned the Holy One of Israel, Turned their backs [on Him].

5Why do you seek further beatings, That you continue to offend? Every head is ailing, And every heart is sick. 6From head to foot No spot is sound: All bruises, and welts, And festering sores— Not pressed out, not bound up, Not softened with oil. 7Your land is a waste, Your cities burnt down; Before your eyes, the yield of your soil Is consumed by strangers— A wasteland a‐ Emendation yields “like Sodom overthrown.” as overthrown by strangers! ‐a Emendation yields “like Sodom overthrown.” 8Fair b Lit. “Daughter.” Zion is left Like a booth in a vineyard, Like a hut in a cucumber field, Like a city beleaguered. 9Had not the LORD of Hosts Left us some survivors, We should be like Sodom, Another Gomorrah. 10Hear the word of the LORD, You chieftains of Sodom; Give ear to our God's instruction, You folk of Gomorrah! 11“What need have I of all your sacrifices?” Says the LORD. “I am sated with burnt offerings of rams, And suet of fatlings, And blood of bulls; And I have no delight In lambs and he‐goats. 12That you come to appear before Me— Who asked that c‐ Others “To trample My courts? /13Bring no more vain oblations.” of you? Trample My courts 13no more; Bringing oblations is futile, ‐c Others “To trample My courts? /13Bring no more vain oblations.” Incense is offensive to Me. New moon and sabbath, Proclaiming of solemnities, d‐ Septuagint “Fast and assembly”; cf. Joel 1.14 . Assemblies with iniquity, ‐d Septuagint “Fast and assembly”; cf. Joel 1.14 . I cannot abide. 14Your new moons and fixed seasons Fill Me with loathing; They are become a burden to Me, I cannot endure them. 15And when you lift up your hands, I will turn My eyes away from you; Though you pray at length, I will not listen. Your hands are stained with crime— 16Wash yourselves clean; Put your evil doings Away from My sight. Cease to do evil; 17Learn to do good. Devote yourselves to justice; a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Aid the wronged. ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Uphold the rights of the orphan; Defend the cause of the widow. 18“Come, a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. let us reach an understanding,” ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. —says the LORD. “Be your sins like crimson, They can turn snow‐white; Be they red as dyed wool, They can become like fleece.” 19if, then, you agree and give heed, You will eat the good things of the earth; 20But if you refuse and disobey, b‐ Or “you will be fed the sword.” You will be devoured [by] the sword. ‐b Or “you will be fed the sword.” For it was the LORD who spoke. 21Alas, she has become a harlot, The faithful city That was filled with justice, Where righteousness dwelt— But now murderers. 22Your c I.e., Jerusalem's. silver has turned to dross; a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Your wine is cut with water. ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. 23Your rulers are rogues And cronies of thieves, Every one avid for presents And greedy for gifts; They do not judge the case of the orphan, And the widow's cause never reaches them. 24Assuredly, this is the declaration Of the Sovereign, the LORD of Hosts, The Mighty One of Israel: “Ah, I will get satisfaction from My foes; I will wreak vengeance on My enemies! 25I will turn My hand against you, And smelt out your dross a‐ Emendation yields “in a crucible”; cf. 48.10 . as with lye, ‐a Emendation yields “in a crucible”; cf. 48.10 . And remove all your slag: 26I will restore your magistrates as of old, And your counselors as of yore. After that you shall be called City of Righteousness, Faithful City.” 27 b Others “Zion shall be saved by justice, / Her repentant ones by righteousness.” Zion shall be saved in the judgment; Her repentant ones, in the retribution. c for this meaning cf. 5.16; 10.22 . 28But rebels and sinners shall all be crushed, And those who forsake the LORD shall perish. 29Truly, you d Heb. “they.” shall be shamed Because of the terebinths you desired, And you shall be confounded Because of the gardens you coveted. 30For you shall be like a terebinth Wilted of leaf, And like a garden That has no water, 31 e‐ Connecting πason with πasan, “to store” ( 23.18 ), and πosen, “Treasure” ( 33.6 ). Stored wealth ‐e Connecting πason with πasan, “to store” ( 23.18 ), and πosen, “Treasure” ( 33.6 ). shall become as tow, And he who amassed it a spark; And the two shall burn together, With none to quench.

Notes:

a‐a Emendation yields “like Sodom overthrown.”

b Lit. “Daughter.”

c‐c Others “To trample My courts? /13Bring no more vain oblations.”

d‐d Septuagint “Fast and assembly”; cf. Joel 1.14 .

a‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

b‐b Or “you will be fed the sword.”

c I.e., Jerusalem's.

a‐a Emendation yields “in a crucible”; cf. 48.10 .

b Others “Zion shall be saved by justice, / Her repentant ones by righteousness.”

c for this meaning cf. 5.16; 10.22 .

d Heb. “they.”

e‐e Connecting πason with πasan, “to store” ( 23.18 ), and πosen, “Treasure” ( 33.6 ).

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