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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 3

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1He further showed me Joshua, the high priest, standing before the angel of the LORD, and the Accuser a Others “Satan.” standing at his right to accuse him. 2But [the angel of] the LORD said to the Accuser, “The LORD rebuke you, O Accuser; may the LORD who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! For this is a brand plucked from the fire.” b Joshua's father (Hag. 1.1; 1 Chron. 5.40–41 ) was exiled and his grandfather executed (2 Kings 25.18–21 ) by the Babylonians, but Joshua returned. 3Now Joshua was clothed in filthy garments when he stood before the angel. 4The latter spoke up and said to his attendants, “Take the filthy garments off him!” And he said to him, “See, I have removed your guilt from you, and you shall be clothed in [priestly] robes.” 5Then he c Heb. “I.” gave the order, “Let a pure d I.e., ritually pure. diadem be placed on his head.” And they placed the pure diadem on his head and clothed him in [priestly] garments, e Joshua has now been rendered fit to associate with the heavenly beings (v. 7 ); cf. Isa. 6.6–8 . as the angel of the LORD stood by.

6And the angel of the LORD charged Joshua as follows:

7“Thus said the LORD of Hosts: If you walk in My paths and keep My charge, you in turn will rule My House and guard My courts, and I will permit you to move about among these attendants. 8Hearken well, O High Priest Joshua, you and your fellow priests sitting before you! For those men are a sign that I am going to bring My servant the Branch. f I.e., the future king of David's line. See 6.12 ; Jer. 23.5–6; 33.15–16 ; cf. Isa. 11.1 . 9For mark well this stone which I place before Joshua, a single stone with seven eyes. g Meaning of Heb. uncertain. The stone apparently symbolizes the God‐given power of the future Davidic ruler; see below 4.6–7 . I will execute its engraving—declares the LORD of Hosts—and I will remove that country's guilt in a single day. 10In that day—declares the LORD of Hosts—you will be inviting each other to the shade of vines and fig trees.”

Notes:

a Others “Satan.”

b Joshua's father (Hag. 1.1; 1 Chron. 5.40–41 ) was exiled and his grandfather executed (2 Kings 25.18–21 ) by the Babylonians, but Joshua returned.

c Heb. “I.”

d I.e., ritually pure.

e Joshua has now been rendered fit to associate with the heavenly beings (v. 7 ); cf. Isa. 6.6–8 .

f I.e., the future king of David's line. See 6.12 ; Jer. 23.5–6; 33.15–16 ; cf. Isa. 11.1 .

g Meaning of Heb. uncertain. The stone apparently symbolizes the God‐given power of the future Davidic ruler; see below 4.6–7 .

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