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The Apocryphal New Testament Easy to use collection of English translations of the New Testament Apocrypha.

The Epistle of the Apostles 1

1. (Chs. 1–6 in Eth. only.) What Jesus Christ revealed to his disciples as a letter, and how Jesus Christ revealed the letter of the council of the apostles, the disciples of Jesus Christ, to the Catholics; which was written because of the false apostles Simon and Cerinthus, that no one should follow them—for in them is deceit with which they kill men—that you may be established and not waver, not be shaken and not turn away from the word of the Gospel 2 Acts 15: 7 . that you have heard. As we have heard (it), 3 Cf. 1 John 1: 1 . kept (it), and have written (it) for the whole world, so we entrust (it) to you, our sons and daughters, in joy and in the name of God the Father, the ruler of the world, and in Jesus Christ. May Grace increase upon you.

2. (We,) John and Thomas and Peter and Andrew and James and Philip and Bartholomew and Matthew and Nathanael and Judas Zelotes and Cephas, 4 On the list of apostles, cf. the Apostolic Church Order, where Peter and Cephas are regarded as different disciples. we have written (or, write) to the churches of the East and West, towards North and South, recounting and proclaiming to you concerning our Lord Jesus Christ, as we have written; and we have heard and felt him after he had risen from the dead; 5 1 John 1: 1; John 20: 27 . and how he has revealed to us things great, astonishing, real.

3. We know this: our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ (is) God and Son of God, who was sent from God, the ruler of the entire world, the maker and creator of what is named with every name, 6 Eph. 1: 21 . who is over all authority (as) Lord of lords and King of kings, 7 1 Tim. 6: 15; Rev. 17: 14; 19: 16 . the ruler of the rulers, the heavenly one who is over the Cherubim 8 Dan. 3: 54 LXX. and Seraphim and sits at the right hand of the throne of the Father, 9 Cf. Matt. 22: 24; 26: 64; Mark 16: 19; Acts 2: 33; Heb. 1: 3; 8: 1; 12: 2 . who by his word commanded the heavens and built the earth and all that is in it and bounded the sea that it should not go beyond its boundaries, 10 Job 38: 10f .; 1 Clem. 20.6f. and (caused) deeps and springs to bubble up and flow over the earth day and night; who established the sun, moon, and stars in heaven, who separated light from darkness; 11 Gen. 1: 14 ; 1 Clem. 20.2f. who commanded hell, and in the twinkling of an eye summons the rain for the winter‐time, and fog, frost, and hail, and the days in their time; who shakes and makes firm; who has created man according to his image and likeness; 12 Gen. 1: 26 f. who spoke in parables through the patriarchs and prophets and in truth through him whom the apostles declared and the disciples touched. 13 Cf. Hebr. 1: 1 . And God, the Lord (= the Father), and the Son of God, we believe: the word which became flesh 14 John 1: 14 . through the holy virgin Mary, was hidden in her birthpangs by the Holy Spirit, and was born not by the lust of the flesh but by the will of God, 15 Cf. John 1: 13 . and was wrapped (in swaddling clothes) 16 Luke 2: 7 . and made known at Bethlehem; and that he was reared and grew up as we saw.

4. This is what our Lord Jesus Christ did, who was delivered by Joseph and Mary his mother to where he might learn letters. And he who taught him said to him as he taught him, ‘Say Alpha.’ He answered and said to him, ‘First you tell me what Beta is.’ 17 Infancy Gospel of Thomas 6. 3; 14. 2; Pseudo‐Matt., Infancy Gospel 38. 1. And truly (it was) a real thing which was done.

5. Then there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee. 18 John 2: 1 ff . And he was invited with his mother and his brothers. 19 Brothers: cf. John 2: 12 . And he made water into wine and awakened the dead and made the lame to walk; 20 Luke 7: 14f.; 8: 49 ff.; Mark 5: 35 ff.; John 11: 39 ff.; Mark 2: 3 ff.; Matt. 9: 2 ff . for him whose hand was withered, he stretched it out again, 21 Matt. 12: 10 ff.; Mark 3: 3 ff . and the woman who suffered twelve years from a haemorrhage touched the edge of his garment and was immediately whole; and while we reflected and wondered concerning the miracle he performed, he said to us, ‘Who touched me?’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, the crowd of people touched you.’ And he answered and said to us, ‘I noticed that a power went out from me.’ Immediately that woman came before him, answered, and said to him, ‘Lord, I touched you.’ And he answered and said to her, ‘Go, your faith has made you whole.’ 22 Matt. 9: 20 ff.; Mark 5: 25 ff.; Luke 8: 43 ff . Then he made the deaf to hear and the blind to see, and he exorcized those who were possessed, 23 Matt. 11: 4 f.; 15: 30; Luke 7: 22; Matt. 9: 32 f.; Mark 7: 32 ff.; 8: 22 ff.; John 9: 1 ff.; Matt. 4: 24; 8: 16; Mark 1: 34 . and he cleansed the lepers. 24 Matt. 8: 2 f.; Mark 1: 40 ff.; Luke 5: 12 ff . And the demon Legion, that a man had, met with Jesus, cried and said, ‘Before the day of our destruction has come you have come to turn us out.’ But the Lord Jesus rebuked him and said to him, ‘Go out of this man without doing anything to him.’ And he went into the swine and drowned them in the sea, and they were choked. 25 Mark 5: 1–20; Luke 8: 26–39 . Then he walked on the sea, and the winds blew, and he rebuked them, and the waves of the sea became calm. 26 Matt. 14: 23 ff.; Mark 6: 47 ff. in connection with Mark 4: 35 ff. and parallels. And when we, his disciples, had no denarii, we said to him, ‘Master, what should we do about the tax‐collector?’ And he answered and said to us, ‘One of you cast the hook, the net, into the deep and draw out a fish, and he will find a denarius in it. Give that to the tax‐collector for me and for you.’ 27 Matt. 17: 24 ff . Then when we had no bread except five loaves and two fish, he commanded the people to lie down, and their number amounted to 5000 besides children and women, whom we served with pieces of bread; and they were filled, and there was (some) left over, and we carried away twelve baskets full of pieces, 28 Matt. 14: 17 ff.; Mark 6: 38 ff.; John 6: 9 ff . asking and saying, ‘What meaning is there in these five loaves?’ They are a picture of our faith concerning the great Christianity, and that is in the Father, the ruler of the entire world, and in Jesus Christ our Saviour, and in the Holy Spirit, the Paraclete, and in the holy Church and in the forgiveness of sins.

6. And these things our Lord and Saviour revealed and showed to us, and likewise we to you, that you, reflecting upon eternal life, may be associates in the grace of the Lord and in our service and in our glory. Be firm, without wavering, in the knowledge and investigation of our Lord Jesus Christ, and he will prove gracious and will save always in all never‐ending eternity.

7. (Here begins the Coptic.) Cerinthus and Simon have come to go through the world. But they are enemies of our Lord Jesus Christ,

Ethiopic Coptic
who in reality alienate those who believe in the true word and deed, namely Jesus Christ. Therefore take care and beware of them, 29 for in for they pervert the words and the object, which is Jesus Christ. Now keep yourselves away from them, 29 for death is in them and a great stain
them is affliction and contamination and death, the end of which will be destruction and judgement. of corruption—these to whom shall be judgement and the end and eternal perdition.
8. Because of that we have not hesitated
with the true testimony of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, how he acted while we saw him, and how he constantly both explained and caused our thoughts within us. to write to you concerning the testimony of our Saviour Christ, what he did when we were behind him watching and yet again in thoughts and deeds.
9. He of whom we are witnesses we know as the one crucified in the days of Pontius Pilate and of the prince Archelaus, who was crucified between two thieves; 30 and was taken down from the wood of the cross together with them; and he was buried in a place which is called the place of the skull, 31 to which three women came, Sarah, Martha and Mary Magdalene. They carried ointment to pour out He concerning whom we bear witness that this is the Lord who was crucified by Pontius Pilate and Archelaus between the two thieves 30
and who was buried in a place called the place of the skull. 31 There went to that place three women: Mary, the daughter of Martha and Mary Magdalene. They took ointment to pour
upon his body, 32 weeping and mourning 33 over what had happened.
And they approached the tomb and found the stone where it had been rolled away from the tomb, 35 and they opened the door But when they had approached the tomb they looked inside 34
and did not find his (Coptic: the) body. 36
10. And (Copt.: But) as they were mourning and weeping, the Lord appeared to them and said to them, ‘(Copt.: For whom are you weeping? Now) do not weep; 37 I am he whom you seek. 38 But let one of you go to your brothers and say (Eth.: to them), 39 “Come, our (Copt.: the) Master has risen from the dead.” ’ 40
And Mary came to us and told us. And we said to her, ‘What have we to do with you, O woman? He that is dead and buried, can he then live?’ And we did not believe her, 41 that our Saviour had risen from the dead. Martha came and told it to us. We said to her, ‘What do you want with us, O woman? He who has died is buried, and could it be possible for him to live?’ We did not believe her, 41 that the Saviour had risen from the dead.
Then she went back to our (Copt.: the) Lord and said to him, ‘None of them believed me
concerning your resurrection’. And he said to her, that you are alive.’ He said,
Let another one of you go (Copt.: to them) saying this again to them.’
And Sarah came and gave us the same news, and we accused her of lying. And she returned to our Lord and spoke to him as Mary had. Mary came and told us again, and we did not believe her. She returned to the Lord and she also told it to him.
11. Then (Eth.: And then) the Lord said to Mary and (Copt.: and also) to her sisters, ‘Let us go to them.’ And he came 42 and found us inside, veiled.
And we doubted and did not believe. He came before us like a ghost 43 and we did not believe that it was he. But it was he. And thus he said to us, ‘Come, and He called us out. But we thought it was a ghost, 43 and we did not believe it was the Lord. Then he said to us, ‘Come,
do not be afraid. 44 I am your teacher (Copt.; 〈master〉) whom you, Peter, denied three times (Eth.: before the cock crowed); 45 and now do you deny again?’
And we went to him, thinking and doubting 46 whether it was he. And he said to us, But we went to him, doubting 46 in our hearts whether it was possibly he. Then he said to us,
‘Why do you (Copt.: still) doubt and (Eth.: why) do you not believe? 47 (Eth.: believe that) I am he who spoke to you concerning my flesh, my death, and my resurrection.
And that you may know that it is I, lay your hand, Peter, (and your finger) in the nail‐print of my hands; That you may know that it is I, put your finger, Peter, in the nail‐prints of my hands; and you, Thomas, put
and you, Thomas, in my side; 48 and also you, Andrew, see whether my foot steps on the ground and leaves a footprint. your finger in the spear‐wounds of my side; 48 but you, Andrew, look at my feet and see if they do not touch the ground.
For it is written in the prophet,
“But a ghost, a demon, leaves no print on the ground.” ’ 49 “The foot of a ghost or a demon does not join to the ground.” ’ 49
12. But now we felt him, 50 that he had truly risen in the flesh. And then we fell on our faces before him, asked him for pardon and entreated him because we had not believed him. Then our Lord and Saviour said to us, ‘Stand up and I will reveal to you what is on earth, and what is above heaven, and your resurrection that is in the kingdom of heaven, concerning which my Father has sent me, that I may take up 52 you and those who believe in me.’ But we touched him 50 that we might truly know whether he had risen in the flesh, and we fell on our faces confessing our sin, that we had been unbelieving. Then the Lord our redeemer said, ‘Rise up, and I will reveal to you what is above heaven and what is in heaven, and your rest that is in the kingdom of heaven. 51 For my Father has given me the power to take up 52 you and those who believe in me.’
13. And what he revealed is this, as he said to us, 53 ‘While I was coming from the Father of all, passing by the heavens, wherein I put on the wisdom of the Father and by his power clothed myself in his power, I was like the heavens. And passing by the angels and archangels in their form and as one of them, I passed by the orders, dominions, and princes, possessing the measure of the wisdom of the Father who sent me. And the archangels Michael But what he revealed is this that he said, 53 ‘But it happened, as I was about to come down from the Father of all, I passed by the heavens; I put on the wisdom of the Father and the power of his might.
I was in the heavens, and I passed by the angels and archangels in their form, as if I were one of them among the dominions and powers. I passed through them, possessing the wisdom of him who sent me. But the chief leader of the angels is Michael,
and Gabriel, Raphael and Uriel followed me (Lat. adds: secretly) until the fifth firmament of heaven, while I appeared as one of them. This kind of power was given me by the Father. Then I made the archangels to become distracted with the voice and go up to the altar 54 of the Father and serve the Father in their work until I should return to him. I did this thus in the likeness 55 of his wisdom. For I became all in all with them, that I, fulfilling the will of the mercy of the Father and the glory of him who sent me, might return to him. 57 and Gabriel and Uriel and Raphael, but they followed me to the fifth firmament, thinking in their hearts that I was one of them. But the Father gave me power of this nature.
And in that day I adorned the archangels with a wondrous voice that they might go up to the altar 54 of the Father and serve and complete the service until I should go to him. Thus I did it through the wisdom of the likeness. For I became all things in everything that I might fulfil the plan 56 of the Father of glory who sent me, and might return to him. 57
14. Do you know that the angel Gabriel came and brought the message to Mary?’ 58 And we said to him, ‘Yes, O Lord.’ And he answered and said to us, ‘Do you not remember that I previously said to you that I became like an angel to the angels?’ And we said to him, ‘Yes, O Lord.’ And he said to us, ‘At that time I appeared in the form of the archangel Gabriel to (the virgin: not in all MSS) Mary 59 and spoke with her, and her heart received (me); she believed and laughed; 60 and I, the Word, went into her and became flesh; 61 and I myself was servant 62 for myself; and in the like‐ For you know that the angel Gabriel brought the message to Mary.’ 58 We answered, ‘Yes, O Lord.’ Then he answered and said to us, ‘Do you not then remember that a little while ago I told you: I became an angel among the angels. I became all things in everything?’ We said to him, ‘Yes, O Lord.’ Then he answered and said to us, ‘On that day, when I took the form of the angel Gabriel, I appeared to Mary 59 and spoke with her. Her heart received me and she believed; I formed myself and entered into her womb; I became flesh, 61 for I alone was servant 62 to myself with respect to Mary in an
ness of an angel, like him will I do, and after it I will go to my Father. appearance of the form of an angel. So will I do, after I have gone to the Father.
15. And you therefore celebrate the remembrance of my death, 63 which is the Passover; And you remember my death. 63 If now the passover takes place,
then will one of you (Eth.: who stands beside me) be thrown into prison for my name's sake, 64 and he will
be very grieved and sorrowful, for while you celebrate the passover he who is in custody did not celebrate it with you. And I will send my power in the form of (my) angel, and the door of the prison will open, and he will come out and come to you to watch with you and to rest. And when you complete my Agape and my remembrance 65 at the crowing of the cock, 66 he will again be taken and thrown in prison for a testimony, 67 until he comes out to preach, as I have commanded you.’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, have you then not completed the drinking of the passover? 68 Must we, then, do it again?’ And he said to us, ‘Yes, until I come from the Father with my wounds.’ be in sorrow and care that you celebrate the passover while he is in prison and far from you; for he will sorrow that he does not celebrate the passover with you. I will send my power in the form of the angel Gabriel, and the doors of the prison will be opened. He will go out and come to you; he will spend a night of the watch with you and stay with you until the cock crows. 66 But when you complete the remembrance 65 that is for me, and the Agape, he will again be thrown into prison for a testimony, 67 until he comes out from there and preaches what I have delivered to you.’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, is it perhaps necessary again that we take the cup and drink?’ He said to us, ‘Yes, it is necessary until the day when I come with those who were killed for my sake.’ 69
16. And we said to him, ‘O Lord, great is this that you say and reveal to us. In what kind of power and form are you about to come?’ And We said to him, ‘O Lord, what you have revealed to us beforehand is great. In a power of what sort or in an appearance of what order will
he said to us, ‘Truly I say to you, I will come as the sun which bursts forth; thus will I, shining seven times brighter than it in glory, 70 while I am carried on the wings of the clouds in splendour with my cross going on before me, 71 come to the earth to judge the living and the dead.’ 72 you come?’ But he answered, saying, ‘Truly I say to you, I will come as does the sun that shines, and shining seven times brighter than it 70 in my brightness; with the wings of the clouds carrying me in splendour and the sign of the cross before me, 71 I will come down to the earth to judge the living and the dead.’ 72
17. And we said to him, ‘O Lord, how many years yet?’ And he said to us, ‘When the hundred and fiftieth year is completed, between pentecost and passover will the coming of my Father take place.’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, now you said to us, “I will come”, and then you said, “he who sent me will come.’ ” And he said to us, ‘I am wholly in the Father and the Father in me.’ 73 Then we said to him, ‘Will you really leave us until your coming? Where will we find a teacher?’ And he answered and said to us, ‘Do you not know that until now I am both here and there with him who sent me?’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, is it possible that you should be both here and there?’ And he said to us, ‘I am wholly in the Father and the Father in me after his image and after his likeness 74 and after his power and after his perfection and after his light, and I am his perfect word.’ 75 But we said to him, ‘O Lord, after how many years yet will this happen?’ He said to us, ‘When the hundredth part and the twentieth part is completed, between pentecost and the feast of unleavened bread, will the coming of the Father take place.’ But we said to him, ‘Here now, what have you said to us, “I will come”, and how do you say, “It is he who sent me who will come”?’ Then he said to us, ‘I am wholly in my Father and my Father is in me 73
with regard to the resemblance 74 of form and of power and of perfection and of light and (with regard to) the full measure and the voice. I am the word. 75
18. This is, when he was crucified, had died and risen again, ‘I have become to him a thing, which is this. I am the perfect
as he said this, and the work that was thus accomplished in the flesh, that he was crucified, and his ascension—this is the fulfilling of the number. ‘And the wonders and his image and everything perfect you will see in me with respect to redemption which takes place through me, and while I go to the Father and into heaven. 77 But look, a new commandment I give you, that you love one another 78 thought in the type. I came into being on the eighth day, which is the day of the Lord. 76 But the whole completion of the completion you will see through the redemption that has happened to me, and you will see me, while I go to heaven to my Father who is in heaven. 77 But look now, I give you a new commandment; love one another 78 and [One leaf missing in the Coptic.]
and obey each other and (that) continual peace reign among you. Love your enemies, and what you do not want done to you, that do to no one else. 79
19. ‘And both preach and teach this to those who believe in me, and preach concerning the (heavenly 80 ) kingdom of my Father, 81 and as my Father has given me the power (addition in Paris No. 199: so I give it to you) that you may bring near the children of the heavenly Father. Preach, and they will believe. You (it is) whose duty is to lead his children into heaven.’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, it is possible for you to do what you have told us; but how will we be able to do (it)?’ And he said to us, ‘Truly I say to you, preach and teach, as I will be with you. 82 For I am well pleased to be with you, that you may become joint heirs with me 83 of the kingdom of heaven of him who sent me. Truly I say to you, you will be my brothers and companions, for my Father has delighted in you and in those who will believe in me through you. Truly I say to you, such and so great a joy has my Father prepared (for you) that angels and powers desired and will desire to view and to see it, but they will not be allowed to see the greatness of my Father.’ 84 And we said to him, ‘O Lord, what kind (of thing) is this that you tell us?’
And he said to us, ‘You will see a light brighter than light and more perfect than perfection. And the Son will be perfected through the He said to us, ‘You will see a light . . . , in that it is more exalted than that which shines . . . [restored after the Ethiopic text] the perfection
Father, the light—for the Father is perfect—(the Son) whom death and resurrection make perfect, and the one accomplishment surpasses the other. And I am fully the right hand of the Father; I am in him who accomplishes.’ And we twelve said to him, ‘O Lord, in all things you have become to us salvation and life. Do you speak (or, while you speak) to us of such a hope?’ And he said to us, ‘Have confidence and be of good courage. Truly I say to you, 85 such a rest will be yours where there is no eating and drinking and no mourning and singing (or care) and neither earthly garment nor perishing. And you will not have part in the creation of below, but will belong to the incorruptibility of my Father, you who will not perish. As I am continually in the Father, so also you (are) in me.’ 86 And we said again to him, ‘In what form? 87 Of an angel or that of flesh?’ And for this he answered and said to us, ‘I have put on your flesh, in which I was born and died and was buried and rose again through my heavenly Father, that it might be fulfilled that was said by the prophet David 88 concerning my death and resurrection: “O Lord, how numerous have they become that oppress me; many have risen up against me. Many say to my soul, ‘He has no salvation by his God.’ But you, O Lord, are my refuge, my glory, and he who lifts up my head. With my voice I that is perfected in . . . I am fully the right hand of the Father . . . me, which is the fullness.’ But we said to him, ‘O Lord, in all things you have become to us salvation and life. You have proclaimed to us these words of this kind.’ He said to us, ‘Have confidence and be of a peaceful heart. Truly I say to you, 85 your rest will be in heaven (?) in the place where there is neither eating nor drinking, neither rejoicing nor mourning nor perishing of those who are in it. You have no part in . . . , but you (restored) will receive of the incorruptibility of my Father. As I (restored from first ‘of’) am in him, so you will rest yourselves (?) in me.’ 86
Again we said to him, ‘In what form? 87 In the manner of angels, or in flesh?’ [restored after the Ethiopic text] He answered and said to us, ‘Look. I have put on (your) flesh, in which I was born and crucified and rose again through my Father who is (in heaven), that the prophecy of the prophet David might be fulfilled 88 concerning what he foretold about me and my death and my resurrection, saying, “O Lord, numerous have they become that strive with me, and many have risen up against me. Many say to my soul, ‘There is no deliverance for you with God’.
cried to God, and he heard me from the mount of his sanctuary. I lay down and fell asleep; and I rose up, for God raised me up. I was not afraid of thousands of people who surrounded me and rose up against me. Arise, O Lord my God, and save me. For you have smitten (and trodden down: only in Stuttgart Cod. Orient. fol. no. 49) all who show me enmity without cause; and you have shattered the teeth of sinners. Deliverance is of God, and your blessing (be) upon your people.” 89 But you, O Lord, are my protector; you are my glory and he who lifts up my head. With my voice I cried out to the Lord, and he heard me. I lay down and fell asleep; I rose up, for you, O Lord, are my protector. I will not be afraid of tens of thousands of people who set themselves against me round about. Rise up, O Lord; save me, my God. For you have cast down all who are my enemies without cause; the teeth of sinners you have broken. To the Lord is salvation and his delight in his people.” 89
‘All that was said by the prophets was thus performed and has taken place and is completed in me, for I spoke in (or, by) them; 90 how much more will what I myself have made known to you really happen, that he who sent me may be glorified 91 by you and by those who believe in me.’ ‘But if all the words that were spoken by the prophets are fulfilled in me—for I was in them 90 —how much more will what I say to you truly [what I say to you (dittography)] happen, that he who sent me may be glorified 91 by you and by those who believe in me.’
20. (Copt.: But) After he had said this to us, we said to him, ‘O Lord, in all things you have shown yourself merciful to us and have saved us; you have revealed all (Eth.: all this) to us. Yet (Eth.: Yet one thing) might we ask you, if you permit us.’ (Eth.: And) He answered and said to us, ‘I know
that you are listening and long to listen; concerning what you wish, ask me. Look; ask me and keep in mind what you hear, and it will be agreeable with me to speak with you. that you will endure and that your heart is pleased when you hear me. But ask me concerning what you wish, and I will speak well with you.
21. ‘(Copt.: For) Truly I say to you, as the (Copt.: my) Father awakened me from the dead, in the same manner you also will arise 92
in the flesh, and he will cause you to rise up above the heavens to the place of which I have spoken to you from the beginning (or, already), which he who sent me has prepared and be taken up above the heavens to the place of which I have spoken to you from the beginning (before), to the place which he who sent me has prepared for you. And thus will
for you. And for this cause have I perfected all mercy: without being begotten I was born (or, begotten) of man, and without having flesh I put on flesh and grew up, that (I might regenerate) you who were begotten in the flesh, and I complete all arrangements (for salvation): being unbegotten and (yet) begotten of man, being without flesh (and yet) I have worn flesh, 93 for on that account have I come, that you . . . (from here the Coptic is defective and fragmentary)
in regeneration you obtain the resurrection in your flesh, 94 a garment that will not pass away, with all who hope and believe in him who sent me; 95 for my Father has found pleasure in you; and to whoever I will I give the hope of the kingdom.’ Then we said to him, ‘It is great, how you cause to hope, and how you speak.’ He answered and said to us, ‘Believe (must mean, Do you believe) that everything I say to you will happen.’ And we answered him and said to him, ‘Yes, O Lord.’ And he said to us, ‘Truly I say to you that I have received all power 96 from my Father that I may bring back those in darkness into light 97 and those in corruptibility into incorruptibility and those in error into righteousness and those in death into life, and that those in captivity may be loosed, as what is impossible on the part of men is possible on the part of the Father. 98 I am the hope of the hopeless, the helper of those who have no helper, the treasure of those in need, the physician of the sick, the resurrection of the dead.’ 99
22. After he had said this to us, we said to him, ‘O Lord, is it really in store for the flesh to be judged (together) with the soul and spirit, 100 and will (one of these) (Cop.: really) rest in heaven and the other (Copt.: however) be punished eternally while it is (still) alive?’ 101 And (Copt.: But) he said to us, ‘How long do you still ask and inquire?’
23. And (not in Copt.) we said again to him, ‘O Lord,
but it is necessary, since you have commanded us to preach, prophesy, and teach, that we, having heard accurately from you, may be good preachers and may teach them, that there is a necessity upon us to inquire through you, for you command us to preach, that we ourselves may learn with certainty through you and be profitable preachers, and
they may believe in you. Therefore we question you.’ (that) those who will be instructed by us may believe in you. Therefore we question you frequently.’
24. He answered and said to us, ‘Truly I say to you, the flesh of every man will rise with his soul alive (Paris No. 51 omits ‘alive’) and his spirit.’ He answered us, saying, ‘Truly I say to you, the resurrection of the flesh will happen while the soul and the spirit are in it.’
And we said to him, ‘O Lord,
then can what is departed and scattered become alive? Not as if we deny it do we ask; rather we believe that what you say has happened and will happen.’ And he said to us, being angry, ‘You of little faith, 102 how long yet do you ask me? And inquire (only) without anguish after what you wish to hear. is it then possible that what is dissolved and destroyed should be whole? Not as unbelieving do we ask you—nor is it impossible for you—rather we really believe that what you say will happen.’ And he was angry with us, saying to us, ‘O you of little faith, 103 until what day do you ask? But what you wish, say to me, and I will tell it to you without grudging. Only
Keep my commandments, 104 and do what I tell you,
without delay and without reserve and without respect of persons; 105 serve in the strait, direct, and narrow way. 106 And thereby will the Father in every respect rejoice concerning you.’ and do not turn away your face from anyone, that I also may not turn my face away from you; rather without delay and without reserve . . . (and) without respect of persons 105 serve in the way that is direct and strait and oppressed (narrow). 106 So it is also with my Father. He will rejoice concerning you.’
25. And we said again to him, ‘O Lord, look; we are mocking you with so many questions.’ And he said to us, Again we said to him, ‘O Lord, already we are ashamed that we repeatedly question and trouble you.’ Then he answered and said to us,
‘I know that in faith and with (Copt.: from) your whole heart you question me. Therefore (Eth.: And) I am glad because of you. (Copt.: For) Truly I say to you
I am pleased, and my Father in me 107 rejoices, that you thus inquire and ask. Your boldness makes me rejoice, and it affords yourselves life.’ And when he had said this to us, we were glad, for he had spoken to us in gentleness. And we said again to him, ‘Our Lord, in all things you have shown yourself gracious toward us and grant us life; for all we have asked you you have told us.’ Then he said to us, ‘Does the flesh or the spirit fall away?’ And we said to him, ‘The flesh’. And he said to us, ‘Now what has fallen will arise, and what is ill will be sound, that my Father may be praised therein; as he has done to me, so I (will do) to you and to all who believe in me. I am glad, and my Father who is in me, 107 that you question me. For your boldness affords me rejoicing and gives yourselves (life).’ But when he had said this to us we were glad that we asked him. And we said to him, ‘O Lord, in all things you make us alive and pity us. Only now will you make known to us what we will ask you?’ Then he said to us, ‘What is it then that passes away? Is it the flesh (or) the spirit?’ We said to him, ‘The flesh is perishable.’ Then he said to us, ‘What has fallen will arise, and what is lost will be found and what is weak will recover, that in what is thus done may be revealed the glory of my Father. As he has done to me, so will I do to all of you who believe.
26. ‘(Copt.: But) Truly I say to you, the flesh will rise alive with the soul, that
they may confess and be judged with the work their accounting may take place on that day, concerning what
they have done, whether it is good or bad, 108 in order that
there may be a selection 109 and exhibition for those who have believed and have done the commandment of my Father who sent me. Then will the righteous judgement take place; for thus my Father wills, and he said to me, “My son, on the day of Judgement 110 you will not fear the rich and not spare (Paris Nos. 90 and 199: pity) the poor; rather deliver each one to eternal punishment 111 according to his sins.” But to those who have loved me and do love me a selection 109 may take place of believers who have done the commandments of my Father who sent me. And thus will the judgement take place in severity. For my Father said to me, ‘My son, on the day of judgement 110 you will neither fear the rich nor will you have pity on the poor; rather according to the sin of each one will you deliver him to eternal punishment.’ 111 But to my beloved ones who have done the commandments of my Father who
and who have done my commandment I will grant rest in life in the kingdom of my heavenly Father. 112 Look, see what kind of power he has granted me, and he has given me, that . . . what I want and as I have wanted . . . and in whom I have awakened hope. 113 sent me I will grant rest of life in the kingdom of my Father who is in heaven, 112 and they will see what he has granted me; and he has given me power that I may do what I wish, and that I may give to . . . and to those whom I have determined to give and to grant. 113
27. And on that account I have descended and have spoken with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, to your fathers the prophets, and have brought to them news 115 that they may come from the rest which is below into heaven, and have given them the right hand of the baptism of life and forgiveness 116 and pardon for all wickedness as to you, so from now on also to those who believe in me. But whoever believes in me and does not do my commandment 117 receives, although he believes in my name, no benefit from it. He has run a course in vain. 118 His end is determined for ruin and for punishment of great pain, for he has sinned against my commandment. On that account I have descended to the place of Lazarus, 114 and have preached to the righteous and to the prophets, 115 that they may come forth from the rest which is below and go up to what is (above) . . . (; in that I stretch out) my right hand over them . . . of life and forgiveness and deliverance from all evil, as I have done to you and to those who believe in me. But if someone believes in me and does not do my commandments, 117 although he has acknowledged my name he receives no benefit from it. He has run a futile course. 118 For such will be in error and in (ruin), since they have disregarded my commandments.
28. But to you I have given that you should be children of the light in God and should be pure from all wickedness and from all power of the judgement (probably should be: rulers, or archons); and to those who believe in me through you I will do the same, and as I have said and promised to you, that he should go (But so much more) you, the children of life, I have redeemed from all evil and from (the power of) the archons, 119 and all who through you will believe in me. For what I have promised you I will also give to them, that they may come out of the prison and the chains of the archons and the powerful fire.’ 120
out of prison and should be rescued from the chains and the spears (probably should be: archons) and the terrible fire.’ 120 And we said to him, ‘O Lord, in every respect you have made us rejoice and have given us rest; for in faithfulness and truthfulness you have preached to our fathers and to the prophets, and even so to us and to every man.’ And he said to us, ‘Truly I say to you, you and all who believe and also they who yet will believe in him who sent me 121 I will cause to rise up into heaven, to the place which the Father has prepared for the elect 122 and most elect, (the Father) who will give the rest 123 that he has promised, and eternal life. 124 We answered and said to him, ‘O Lord, you have given rest of (life to us?) and have given . . . in wonders (for the strengthening?) of faith; will you now yourself preach this (to us)? You have preached to the (fathers) and to the prophets.’ Then he said to us, ‘Truly I say to you, all who have believed in me and who will believe in him who sent me 121 I will (lead) up to heaven, to the place which my Father has (prepared) for the elect, 122 and I will give you the chosen kingdom in rest, 123 and eternal life. 124
29. But those who have sinned against my commandment, who teach something else, subtract from and add to and work for their own glory, alienating those who rightly believe in me (I will deliver them to ruin: only Stuttgart Cod. Orient. fol. No. 49).’ 125 And we said to him, ‘O Lord, will there exist another teaching and grievance (?)?’ And he said to us, ‘As those who fulfil what is good and beautiful, so (also) the wicked shall be manifest. 126 And then a righteous judgement will take place according to their work, how they have acted; 127 and they will be delivered to ruin.’ And we said to But those who have transgressed (my) commandments and have taught another teaching, (in that they dissolve) the written (teaching) and add . . . their own, teaching with other words (those who believe) in me rightly, if they are brought to ruin by such things (they will receive) eternal punishment.’ But we said to him, ‘O Lord, then will there exist teaching from others, besides what you have told us?’ He said to us, ‘It is necessary that they exist, that what is evil and what is good should be manifest. 126 And thus will the judgement to those who do these works be revealed, and according to
him, ‘Blessed are we, for we see and hear you as you speak to us, and our eyes have seen such mighty deeds that you have done.’ 128 And he answered and said to us, ‘But much more blessed will they be who do not see me and (yet) believe in me, 129 for they will be called children of the kingdom 130 and (will be) perfect in the perfect one; 131 to these I will become eternal life in the kingdom of my Father.’ 132 And we said again to him, ‘O Lord, how will it be possible to believe that you will leave us, as you said: “There is coming a time and an hour 133 when it is in store for you to go to your Father”?’ 135 their works 127 will they be judged and delivered to death.’ We said again to him, ‘O Lord, blessed are we, who see you and hear you as you (speak) such (words), for our eyes have seen these great wonders that you have done.’ 128 He answered and said to us, ‘Much more blessed are they who have not seen and (yet) have believed, 129 for such will be called children of the kingdom, 130 and they will be perfect (in) the perfect one 131 and I will be life (to them) in the kingdom of my Father.’ 132 Again we said to him, ‘O Lord, in what way will one be able to believe that you will go and leave us, as you said to us, “A day will come and an hour 134 when I shall go up to my Father”?’ 135
30. He answered and said to us, ‘Go and preach 136 to the twelve tribes of Israel 137 and to the gentiles and Israel and to the land of Israel towards East and West, North and South; 138 and many will believe in me, the son of God.’ 139 And we said to him, ‘O Lord, who will believe us and who will listen to us and how can we do and teach and tell the wonders and signs and mighty But he said to us, ‘Go you and preach 136 to the twelve tribes 137 and preach also to the gentiles and to the whole land of Israel from sunrise to sunset and from South to North, 138 and many will believe in the son of God.’ 139 But we said to him, ‘O Lord, who will believe us or who will listen to us (while we do, teach and tell) the powers and the signs that you have done, and the
deeds, 140 as you have done?’ And he answered and said to us, ‘Go and preach (and teach: addition in Paris No. 90) concerning (the coming and: addition in Paris No. 90) the mercy of my Father. As my Father has done through me, I will also do through you in that I am with you, and I will give you my peace and my spirit 141 and my power, (that it may happen to you; not in all MSS) that they believe. Also to them will this power be given and transmitted that they may give it to the gentiles. (wonders)?’ 140 Then he answered and said to us, ‘Go and preach the mercy of my Father; and what he has done through me will I myself do through you in that I am in you, and I will give you my peace, and from my spirit I will give you a power that you may prophesy to them to eternal life. But to the others will I myself also give my power, that they may teach the other nations.
(In the Coptic there follows a gap of four pages)
31. And look, you will meet a man whose name is Saul, which being interpreted means Paul. 142 He is a Jew, 143 circumcised according to the command of the law, 144 and he will hear my voice from heaven 145 with terror, fear, and trembling; and his eyes will be darkened 146 and by your hand be crossed with spittle. And do all to him as I have done to you. Deliver him to others! 147 And this man—immediately his eyes will be opened, 148 and he will praise God, my heavenly Father. And he will become strong among the nations and will preach and teach, and many will be delighted when they hear and will be saved. Then will he be hated and delivered into the hand of his enemy, and he will testify before (mortal and perishable: the bracketed adjectives are not uniformly in all MSS) kings, 149 and upon him will come the completion of the testimony to me; because he had persecuted 150 and hated me, he will be converted to me and preach and teach, and he will be among my elect, a chosen vessel and a wall that does not fall. 151 The last of the last will become a preacher to the gentiles, 152 perfect in (or, through) the will of my Father. As you have learned from the scriptures that your fathers the prophets spoke
concerning me, and it is fulfilled in me’—this certain thing he said—‘so you must become a leader to them. And every word which I have spoken to you and which you have written concerning me, that I am the word of the Father 153 1 John 1: 1 . and the Father is in me, 154 John 10: 38; 14: 20 . so you must become also to that man, as it befits you. Teach and remind (him) what has been said in the scriptures and fulfilled concerning me, and then he will be for the salvation of the gentiles.’ 155 Acts 13: 47; 26: 18; 28: 28 .

32. And we said to him, ‘O master, do we have together with them one hope of the inheritance?’ 156 Cf. Eph. 3: 6; Acts 26: 6 . He answered and said to us, ‘Are the fingers of the hand alike or the ears of corn in the field? Or do the fruit‐bearing trees give the same fruit? Do they not bring forth fruit according to their nature?’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, are you speaking again in parables to us?’ And he said to us, ‘Do not be grieved. Truly I say to you, you are my brothers, companions in the kingdom of heaven with my Father, for so has it pleased him. Truly I say to you, also to those whom you shall have taught and who have become believers in me will I give this hope.’

33. And we said again to him, ‘When, Lord, will we meet that man, and when will you go to your Father and to our God and Lord?’ And he answered and said to us, ‘That man will set out from the land of Cilicia 157 Acts 21: 39; 22: 3; 23: 34 . to Damascus in Syria 158 Acts 9: 2; 22: 5; 26: 12 and often elsewhere. to tear asunder the Church 159 Gal. 1: 13, 23 . which you must create. It is I who will speak (to him) through you, and he will come quickly. He will be (strong: only Paris No. 199) in this faith, that the word of the prophet may be fulfilled 160 John 12: 38 and often elsewhere. where it says, 161 Source unknown. Cf. Rev. 3: 12; 21: 2–10; Heb. 12: 22; Gal. 4: 26 (probably very free). “Behold, out of the land of Syria I will begin to call a new Jerusalem, and I will subdue Zion and it will be captured; and the barren one who has no children will be fruitful 162 Cf. Gal. 4: 27; Isa. 54: 1 . and will be called the daughter of my Father, but to me, my bride; for so has it pleased him who sent me.” But that man will I turn aside, that he may not go there and complete his evil plan. And glory of my Father will come in through him. For after I have gone away and remain with my Father, I will speak with him from heaven, 163 Acts 9: 4; 22: 6 f.; 26: 14 . and it will all happen as I have predicted to you concerning him.’

34. And we said again to him, ‘O Lord, such meaningful things you have spoken and preached to us and have revealed to us great things never yet spoken, and in every respect you have comforted us and have shown yourself gracious to us. For after your resurrection you revealed all this to us that we might be really saved. But you told us only that signs and wonders would happen in heaven and upon earth before the end of the world comes. 164 Cf. Matt. 24; Mark 13; Luke 21. Teach us, that we thus may recognize it.’ And he said to us, ‘I will teach you, and not only what will happen to you, but (also) to those whom you shall teach and who shall believe, 165 Cf. John 17: 20 . and there are such as will hear this man and will believe in me. In those years and in those days this will happen.’ And we said to him again, ‘O Lord, what is it then that will happen?’ And he said to us, ‘Then will the believers and also they who do not believe see a trumpet in heaven, and the sight of great stars that are visible while it is day, and a dragon (only Paris No. 51 and Stuttgart Cod. Orient. fol. No. 49; British Museum Or. 793 and Paris No. 90: stars and wonders; Paris No. 199 has a scribal error) reaching from heaven to earth, and stars that are like fire falling down 166 Cf. Rev. 6: 13; 8: 10; 9: 1 . and great hailstones of severe fire, 167 Cf. Rev. 8: 7; 11: 19; 16: 21 . and how sun and moon fight against each other, and constantly the frightening of thunder and lightning, thunderclaps and earthquakes, 168 Cf. Rev. 8: 5; 11: 19; 16: 18 . how cities fall down and in their ruin men die, 169 Rev. 11: 13; 16: 19 . constant drought from the failing of the rain, a great plague and an extensive and often quick death, so that those who die will lack a grave; and the going out (or, carrying out) of children and relatives will be on one bed (or, bier). And the relative will not turn toward his child, nor the child to his relative; and a man will not turn toward his neighbour. But those forsaken who were left behind will rise up and see those who forsook them, in that they did (not) 170 Testament, ed. Guerrier, PO 9.3, 40. bring them out because (there was) plague. Everything is hatred and affliction and jealousy, and they will take from the one and give to another; and what comes after this will be worse than this. (Mourn those who have not listened to his commandment.) 171 Ibid.

35. Then my Father will become angry because of the wickedness of men; for their offences are many and the horror of their impurity is much against them in the corruption of their life.’ And we said to him, ‘What, Lord, what (is allotted) to those who hope in you?’ And he answered and said to us, ‘How long are you still slow of heart? 172 Cf. Luke 24: 25 . Truly I say to you, as the prophet David has spoken concerning me and my people, so will it also be concerning those who shall believe in me. But there will be in the world deceivers and enemies (Paris Nos. 90 and 199: blasphemers) of righteousness, 173 Cf. Acts 13: 10 . and they will meet the prophecy of David who said, ‘Their feet are quick to shed blood 174 Ps. 13: 3 LXX. and their tongue weaves deceit 175 Ps. 49: 19b LXX. and the venom of serpents is under their lips. 174 Ps. 13: 3 LXX. And I see you as you wander with a thief and your share is with a fornicator. 176 Ps. 49: 18 LXX. While you sit there furthermore you slander your brother, and set a trap for the son of your mother. 177 Ps. 49: 20 LXX. What do you think? Should I be like you? 178 Ps. 49: 21b LXX. And now see how the prophet of God has spoken concerning everything, that all may be fulfilled that was said before.’

36. And we said to him again, ‘O Lord, will the Gentiles then not say, “Where is their God?” ’ 179 Ps. 78: 10 LXX. He answered and said to us, ‘Thus will the elect be revealed, in that they go out after they have been afflicted by such a distress.’ And we said to him, ‘Will their exit 180 Exit: cf. Wisd. 3: 2 . from the world (take place) through a plague that has tormented them?’ And he said to us, ‘No, but if they suffer torment, such suffering will be a test for them, whether they have faith 181 Cf. Jas. 1: 3; 1 Pet. 1: 7 . and whether they keep in mind these words of mine and obey my commandment. 182 John 14: 15; 15: 10 . They will rise up, and their waiting will last (only a) few days, that he who sent me may be glorified, and I with him. 183 Cf. John 13: 31 f.; 14: 13 . For he has sent me to you. I tell you this. But you tell (it) to Israel and to the gentiles, that they may hear; they also are to be saved and believe in me and escape the distress of the plague. And whoever has escaped the distress of death, such a one will be taken and kept in prison, under torture like that of a thief.’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, will they be like unto the unbelievers, and will you likewise punish those who have escaped the plague?’ And he said to us, ‘Believing in my name they have done the work of sinners; they have acted like unbelievers.’ 184 Cf. 1 John 2: 4 . And we said again to him, ‘O Lord, have they who have escaped this destiny no life?’ He answered and said to us, ‘Whoever has done the glorification of my Father, he is the dwelling‐place of my Father.’ 185 Cf. John 14: 23 .

37. And we said to him, ‘O Lord, teach us what will happen after this.’ And he said to us, ‘In those years and days there shall be war upon war, and the four corners of the world will be shaken and will make war upon each other. And then a disturbance of the clouds (will cause?) darkness and drought 186 Cf. Luke 21: 10 f. and persecution of those who believe in me, and of the elect. Then dissension, conflict, and evil of action against each other. Among them there are some who believe in my name and (yet) follow evil and teach vain teaching. And men will follow them and will submit themselves to their riches, their depravity, their mania for drinking, and their gifts of bribery; and respect of persons will rule among them.

38. But those who desire to see the face of God and who do not regard the person of the sinful rich and who do not fear the men who lead them astray, but reprove them, they will be crowned in the presence of the Father, as also those who reprove their neighbours will be saved. This is a son of wisdom and of faith. But if he does not become a son of wisdom, then he will hate and persecute and not turn towards

his brother, and will despise (him) and cast him away. his neighbour, will turn against him and . . . him.
But those who walk in truth and in the knowledge of faith 187
in me, and have the knowledge of wisdom and perseverance for righteousness' sake, in that men despise those who strive for poverty and they (nevertheless) endure—great is their reward. Those who are reviled, tormented, persecuted, 188 since they are destitute and men are arrogant against them and they hunger and thirst and because they have persevered—blessed will they be in heaven, and they will be there with me always. 189 Woe to those who hate and despise them! And their end is for destruction. 190 possessing love for me—for they have endured abuse—they will be proud, walking in poverty and tolerating those who hate them and revile them. 188 They have been tormented, being destitute, since men were arrogant against them while they walk in hunger and thirst; but because they have persevered for the blessedness of heaven, they also will be with me eternally. 189 But woe to those who walk in pride and boasting, for their end is destruction.’ 190
39. And we said to him, ‘O Lord, will all this happen?’ And he said to us, ‘How will the judgement of righteousness take place for the sinners and the righteous?’ 191 And we said to him, ‘Will they not in that day say to you, “You caused to lead toward righteousness and sin and have separated (British Museum Or. 793: created) darkness and light, evil and good”?’ And he said to us, But we said to him, ‘O Lord, what is yours is this, that you do not let us come upon them.’ But he answered and said to us, ‘How will the judgement come about? Either of the righteous or of the unrighteous?’ 191 But we said to him, ‘O Lord, in that day they will say to you, “You did not pursue righteousness and unrighteousness, light and darkness, evil and good,” ’ Then he said, ‘I
‘Adam was given the power that he might choose what he wanted from the two; 192 and he chose the light and stretched out his hand and took (it) and left the darkness and withdrew from it (according to Duensing, perhaps should be: put it away from himself). Likewise every man is given the ability to believe in the light; 193 this is the life 194 of the Father who sent me. And whoever has believed in me will live, 196 if he has done the work of light. But if he does not acknowledge (Paris Nos. 51 and 199 without ‘not’) that there is the light and does what is (characteristic) of darkness, then he has neither anything that he can say in defence nor will he be able to raise his face and look at the son, which (Son) I am. And I will say to him, “You have sought and found, have asked and received. 199 What do you blame us for? (Other MSS: Why do you not understand us?). Why did you withdraw (from me and) from my kingdom? You have acknowledged me and (yet) denied.” 200 Now therefore see that each one is able to live as well as to die (Other MSS: to believe). And whoever does my commandment and keeps it 201 will be a son of the light, 202 that is, of will answer them saying, “Adam was given the power to choose one of the two. 192 He chose the light and put his hand upon it; but he forsook the darkness and cast it from him. So have all men the power to believe in the light 193 which is life 194 and which is the Father 195 who sent me.” But everyone who believes (and) does the works of light will live in them. 196 But if there is someone who acknowledges that he is reckoned to the light, while he does the works of darkness 197 —such a one has no defence to make, nor will he be able to lift up his face to (look at the) son of God, which (Son) I am. 198 I will say to him, “As you sought you have found, and as you asked you have received. 199 In what do you condemn me, O man? Why did you leave me and deny me? Why did you acknowledge me and (yet) deny me? 200 Does not every man have the power to live or to die?” Now whoever has kept my commandments 201 will be a son of light, 202 that is of the Father who is in me. 203 But on account of those who pervert my words I have come down from heaven. I am the Logos; I became flesh, 204 labouring and teaching that those who are called
my Father. And for those who keep and do (it), for their sake I came down from heaven; I, the Word, became flesh 204 and died, teaching and guiding, that some shall be saved, but the others eternally ruined, being punished by fire in flesh and spirit.’ will be saved, 205 and the lost will be lost eternally. They will be tormented alive and will be scourged in their flesh and in their soul.’
40. And we said to him, ‘O Lord, we are truly troubled on their account.’ And he said to us, ‘You do well, for so are the righteous anxious about the sinners, and they pray and implore God and ask him.’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, does no one entreat you?’ And he said to us, ‘Yes, I will hear the requests of the righteous concerning them.’ 206 And we said to him, ‘O Lord, all this you have taught us, and have stimulated us and have proved gracious toward us. And we will preach it to those to whom it is fitting. But will there be for us a reward with you?’ 207 But we said to him, ‘O Lord, truly we are anxious on their account.’ But he said to us, ‘You do well, for the righteous are anxious about the sinners, and pray for them, asking my Father.’ Again we said to him, ‘O Lord, now why is no one afraid of you?’ But he said to us, ‘Yes, I will hear the prayer of the righteous that they make for them.’ 206 But when he had said this to us, we said to him, ‘O Lord, in all things you have taught us [. . . ] and pitied us and saved us, that we may preach to those who are worthy to be saved, and shall we earn a reward with you?’ 207
41. And he said to us, ‘Go and preach and be good ministers and servants.’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, you are our father.’ 209 And he said to us, ‘Are all fathers and all servants, all teachers?’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord did you not say, “Do not call (anyone) on earth father and master, for one is your father and teacher, he who is in heaven”? 210 Now you say to us that we should like you become fathers to But he answered and said to us, ‘Go, and preach; thus you will become workers 208 . . . and servants.’ But we said to him, ‘You it is who will preach through us.’ Then he answered us saying, ‘Do not be all fathers nor all masters.’ We said to him, ‘O Lord, it is you who said, “Do not call (anyone) father upon earth, for one is your father who is in heaven 210 and your master.” Why do you now say to us, “You will
many children 211 and also teachers and servants.’ And he answered and said to us. ‘You have rightly said. Truly I say to you, all who have listened to you and have believed in me will receive the light of the seal that is in my hand, and through me you will become fathers and teachers.’ be fathers of many children 211 and servants and masters”?’ But he answered and said to us, ‘As you have said. For truly I say to you, whoever will hear you and believe in me, he will receive from you the light of the seal through (me) and baptism through me; you will become fathers and servants and also masters.’
42. And we said to him, ‘O Lord, how is it possible for these three to be in one?’ And he answered and said to us, ‘Truly, truly I say to you, you will be called fathers, for you, full of love and compassion, have revealed to them what (is) in heaven ( . . . for) by my hand they will receive the baptism of life and forgiveness of sin. 212 And teachers, for you have delivered to them my word without anguish and have warned them and they have turned back in the things for which you rebuked them. And you were not afraid of their riches and did not respect the face (or, the person), but you kept the commandment of the Father and did it. And you have a reward with my heavenly Father; 213 and they shall have forgiveness of sins and eternal life and a share of the kingdom.’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, if they had a ten‐thousandfold mouth 214 they would not be able to give thanks to you as it is fitting.’ And he answered and said to us, ‘I say this to you that you may do as I have done to you; 215 But we said to him, ‘O Lord, how now (is it possible) that each one of us should become these three?’ But he said to us, ‘Truly I say to you, you will first of all be called fathers, for you have revealed to them with seemly hearts and in love the things of the kingdom of heaven. And you will be called servants, for they will receive by my hand through you the baptism of life and the forgiveness of their sins. 212 And you will be called masters, for you have given them the word (logos) without grudging. You have warned them, and when you warned them they turned back. You were not afraid of their riches and of their face, but you kept the commandments of my Father and performed them. And you will have a great reward with my Father 213 who is in heaven, and they shall have forgiveness of sins and eternal life, and will have a part in the kingdom of heaven.’ But we said to him, ‘O Lord, even if each one of us had ten thousand tongues 214 to speak with, we would not be able to give thanks
43. and be as the wise virgins who kindled the light and did not slumber and who went with their lamps to meet the lord, the bridegroom, and have gone in with him into the bridegroom's chamber. But the foolish ones who talked with them were not able to watch, but fell asleep.’ 216 And we said to him, ‘O Lord, who are the wise and who the foolish?’ And he said to us, ‘The wise are these five, who are called by the prophet daughters of God, 217 whose names let men hear.’ But we were sad and troubled and wept for those who had been shut out. And he said to us, ‘The five wise are these: Faith, Love, Joy, Peace, Hope. As soon as they who believe in me have these, they will be leaders 218 to those who believe in me and in him who sent me. I am the Lord and I am the bridegroom; they have received me and have gone with me into the house of the bridegroom, and laid themselves down (at table) with the bridegroom and rejoiced. But the five foolish slept, and when they awoke they came to the house of the bridegroom and knocked at the doors, for they had been shut; and they wept, because they were shut.’ 219 And we said to him, ‘O Lord, now these their wise sisters who (are) in the house—do they not open to them and are they not sorrowful on their account?’ And he said to us, ‘Yes they are sorrowful and concerned on to you, for you promise us such things’. Then he answered saying, ‘Only do what I say to you, as I myself have also done, and you will be like the wise virgins who watched and did not sleep, but (went) out to the lord into the bride‐chamber. But the foolish were not able to watch, but fell asleep’. 216 But we said to him, ‘O Lord, who are the wise and who are the foolish?’ He said to us, ‘Five wise and five foolish, these with respect to whom the prophet said, “They are children of God.” 217 Now hear their names.’ But we wept and were sad about those who had fallen asleep. He said to us, ‘The five wise are Faith and Love and Grace, Peace, and Hope. Among those who believe they who have these will be guides 218 to those who have believed in me and in him who sent me. I am the Lord and I am the bridegroom whom they have received, and they have gone into the house of the bridegroom and have laid themselves down with me in my bride‐chamber (and rejoiced). But the five foolish slept, they awoke, came to the door of the bride‐chamber and knocked, for it had been shut. 219 Then they wept and grieved that it was not opened for them.’ But we said to him, ‘O Lord, and their wise sisters who were within in the house of the bridegroom, did they remain in there without opening to them, and did they not grieve on their account or
their account and entreat the bridegroom and yet are not able to obtain (anything) on their account.’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, when will they go in for their sisters' sakes?’ And he said to us, ‘Whoever is shut out is shut out.’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, is this thing definite? Who now are these foolish ones?’ And he said to us, ‘Listen: Insight, Knowledge, Obedience, Endurance, Mercy. These have slept in those who have believed and acknowledged me. did they not pray the bridegroom to open to them?’ He answered saying, ‘They were not yet able to find grace on their behalf.’ We said to him, ‘O Lord, on what day will they go in for their sisters' sakes?’ Then he said to us, ‘Whoever is shut out is shut out.’ But we said to him, ‘O Lord, (we have understood this word.) Now who are the foolish?’ He said to us, ‘Hear their names. They are Knowledge (Gnosis) and Wisdom, Obedience, Forbearance, and Mercy. These are they which slept in those who have believed and acknowledged me.
44. ‘And since those who slept did not fulfil my commandment, they will be outside the kingdom and the fold of the shepherd; 220 and whoever remains outside the fold will the wolf eat. 221 And although he hears he will be judged (only in Paris No. 199) and will die, and much suffering and distress and endurance will come upon him; and although he is badly pained, and although he is cut into pieces and lacerated with long and painful punishment, yet he will not be able to die quickly.’ But my commandments were not fulfilled by those who slept. Consequently they will remain outside the kingdom and the fold of the shepherd and his sheep. 220 But whoever remains outside the fold of the sheep will the wolves eat, 221 and he will (be judged?), dying in much suffering. Rest (?) and perseverance will not be in him, and he will be (badly?) tormented that he . . . ; and he will be punished (?) in great punishment (?), and he will be under tortures.’ 222
45. And we said to him, ‘O Lord, you have revealed everything to us well.’ And he said to us, ‘Understand and apprehend these words.’ 223 And we said to him, ‘O Lord, these five it is through which they (fem.) have the expectation of going into your kingdom; and five who are shut out, through which they will be outside But we said to him, ‘O Lord, you have revealed everything to us well.’ Then he answered saying to us, ‘Do you not apprehend these words?’ We said to him, ‘Yes, O Lord; through the five will they come into your kingdom.
Yet they who watched and were with
side your kingdom. Yet they who have watched and who have gone in with the Lord, the bridegroom, will not rejoice because of those who slept’. And he said to us, ‘They will rejoice that they have gone in with the Lord, and will be grieved on account of those who slept; for they are their sisters. And these daughters of God are ten.’ And we said to him, ‘O Lord, it suits your greatness that you show grace to their sisters.’ And he said to us, ‘This thing is not yours, but his who sent me, and I also agree with him. you, the Lord and bridegroom, will nevertheless not rejoice because of those who slept.’ He said to us, ‘They (will rejoice) that they have gone in with the bridegroom, the Lord; and they are troubled on account of those who slept, for they are their sisters. The ten are the daughters of God the Father.’ We then said to him, ‘O Lord, it is yours that you . . . ’ He said to us, ‘ . . ., but his who sent me, and I agree with him.
46. ‘But you, as you go, preach and teach truly and rightly, respecting and fearing the person of no one, but especially (not) that of the rich, of whom it will be found, that they do not do my commandment, 224 who revel in their riches.’ 225 And we said to him, ‘O Lord, do you speak to us only of the rich?’ And he said to us, ‘Also of him who is not rich; as soon as he gives and does not deny to him who has nothing, of such a one (I say this:) he will be called by men a doer. But you preach and teach in uprightness (and) well, hesitating before no one and fearing no one, but especially (not) the rich, for they do not do my commandments, 224 but flourish in their riches.’ 225 But we said to him, ‘O Lord, if (it) is the rich (alone)?’ He answered saying (‘If) anyone who is not rich and possesses a (little) property gives to the needy (and to the poor), then men will call him a benefactor.
47. ‘But if someone should fall bearing his burden, that is, the sin he has committed against the person of his neighbour, then his neighbour should admonish him because of what he has done to his neighbour. And when his neighbour has admonished him and he has returned, then he will be saved, 226 and he who has admonished him will obtain ‘But if someone should fall under the load because of the sins he has committed, (then let) his neighbour admonish him for (the good) that he has done to his neighbour. Now if his neighbour has admonished him and he returns he will be saved; 226 (and) he who admonished him will receive a reward and live for ever. For a needy man, if he sees someone
eternal life. But if (he sees) how this one who renders him (something) sins, and encourages him, such a one will be judged in a great judgement. For a blind man who leads a blind man, both will fall into a ditch. 227 Even so the one who encourages, who respects the person, and also the one whom he encourages and whose person he respects, will both be punished with one punishment, as the prophet said, “Woe to those who encourage, who speak fair to the sinner for the sake of a bribe, 228 whose God is their belly.” 229 You see how the judgement is? Truly I say to you, in that day I will not fear the rich and will have no pity for the poor. sinning who has done him good, and does not admonish him, then he will be judged in an evil judgement. But a blind man who leads a blind man, both are wont to fall into a ditch. 227 And whoever regards the person for (their) sake, (he will be like) the two, as the prophet said, “Woe to those who regard the person and (justify the ungodly) for the sake of gifts, 228 whose (God is) their belly.” 229 See now that a judgement (is appointed for them.) For truly I say to you, in that day I will neither fear the rich nor have sympathy with the poor.
48. ‘If you have seen with your eyes how (someone) sins, then correct him, you alone (or, under four eyes). If he listens to you, then you have won him. But if he does not listen to you, then come out with one or at the most two others; correct your brother. But if he (even then) does not listen to you, so shall he be to you as a gentile and a tax‐collector. 230 ‘If you see a sinner, then admonish him between yourself and him. But if he does not listen to you, then take with you another up to three and instruct your brother. If he will not listen to you again, then set him before you as . . . ’ 230
(Here the Coptic text breaks off.)
49. ‘If you hear something, then do not give any belief against your brother and do not slander and do not love to listen to slander. For it is written, “Let your ear listen to nothing against your brother, but (only) if you have seen, censure, correct, and convert him.” ’ And we said to him, ‘Lord, you have taught and exhorted us in everything. But, Lord, among the believers who believe in the preaching of your name should there be dissension and dispute and envy and confusion and hatred and distress? For you have nevertheless said, “They will find fault with one another and have not regarded the person (or, without regarding the person).” Do these sin who hate the one who has
corrected them?’ And he answered and said to us, ‘Now why will the judgement take place? That the wheat may be put in its barn and its chaff thrown into the fire. 231 Cf. Luke. 3: 17; Matt. 3: 12; 13: 30 .

50. ‘ . . . who thus hate, and he who loves me and finds fault with those who do not do my commandments, 232 Cf. Matt. 5: 11; 10: 22 . these will thus be hated and persecuted, and men will despise and mock (them). They will also deliberately say what is not (true), and there will come a conspiracy against those who love me. But these will rebuke them that they may be saved. And those who will find fault with them and correct and exhort them will be hated and set apart and despised; and those who wish (to) do good to them will be prevented (from it). But those who have endured this will rank as martyrs with the Father, for they were zealous concerning righteousness and were not zealous with corruptible zeal.’ And we said to him, ‘Will such, Lord, also happen in our midst?’ And he said to us, ‘Do not fear what will happen not with many but (only) with few.’ And we said to him, ‘Tell us in what way.’ And he said to us, ‘There will come another teaching and a conflict; 233 Cf. Rom. 16: 17 . and in that they seek their own glory 234 Cf. John 7: 18 . and produce worthless teaching an offence of death will come thereby, and they will teach and turn away from my commandment even those who believe in me and bring them out of eternal life. But woe to those who use my word and my commandment for a pretext, 235 Matt. 24: 5 ff.; Rom 16: 18 . and also to those who listen to them and to those who turn away from the life of the teaching, to those who turn away from the commandment of life (this last clause not in Paris Nos. 51, 90 and 199), they will be eternally punished with them.’

51. And after he had said this and had ended the discourse with us, he said again to us, ‘Look. After three days and three hours he who sent me will come that I may go with him.’ And as he spoke there was thunder and lightning and an earthquake, and the heavens divided and a bright cloud came and took him away. 236 Acts 1: 9 . And (we heard; only in Paris No. 199) the voice of many angels as they rejoiced and praised and said, ‘Assemble us, O priest, 237 Cf. Heb. 8: 1; 10: 11–12 ; 1 Clem. 36. 1. in the light of glory.’ And when he (Paris No. 51, 199 and Stuttgart Cod. Orient fol. No. 49: they) had come near to the firmament of heaven, we heard him say, ‘Go in peace.’ 238 Mark 5: 34; Acts 16: 36; Jas. 2: 16 .

Notes:

1 The translation rests on a careful revision of that prepared by Hugo Duensing. So far as they are not specially marked, words in brackets in the Ethiopic part are to facilitate understanding. In the Coptic part, restorations which are not quite certain have been placed in brackets. Where restorations of the lacunae are certain, they are not marked as such. Certain roughnesses in the original text have been retained in the translation.

2 Acts 15: 7 .

3 Cf. 1 John 1: 1 .

4 On the list of apostles, cf. the Apostolic Church Order, where Peter and Cephas are regarded as different disciples.

5 1 John 1: 1; John 20: 27 .

6 Eph. 1: 21 .

7 1 Tim. 6: 15; Rev. 17: 14; 19: 16 .

8 Dan. 3: 54 LXX.

9 Cf. Matt. 22: 24; 26: 64; Mark 16: 19; Acts 2: 33; Heb. 1: 3; 8: 1; 12: 2 .

10 Job 38: 10f .; 1 Clem. 20.6f.

11 Gen. 1: 14 ; 1 Clem. 20.2f.

12 Gen. 1: 26 f.

13 Cf. Hebr. 1: 1 .

14 John 1: 14 .

15 Cf. John 1: 13 .

16 Luke 2: 7 .

17 Infancy Gospel of Thomas 6. 3; 14. 2; Pseudo‐Matt., Infancy Gospel 38. 1.

18 John 2: 1 ff .

19 Brothers: cf. John 2: 12 .

20 Luke 7: 14f.; 8: 49 ff.; Mark 5: 35 ff.; John 11: 39 ff.; Mark 2: 3 ff.; Matt. 9: 2 ff .

21 Matt. 12: 10 ff.; Mark 3: 3 ff .

22 Matt. 9: 20 ff.; Mark 5: 25 ff.; Luke 8: 43 ff .

23 Matt. 11: 4 f.; 15: 30; Luke 7: 22; Matt. 9: 32 f.; Mark 7: 32 ff.; 8: 22 ff.; John 9: 1 ff.; Matt. 4: 24; 8: 16; Mark 1: 34 .

24 Matt. 8: 2 f.; Mark 1: 40 ff.; Luke 5: 12 ff .

25 Mark 5: 1–20; Luke 8: 26–39 .

26 Matt. 14: 23 ff.; Mark 6: 47 ff. in connection with Mark 4: 35 ff. and parallels.

27 Matt. 17: 24 ff .

28 Matt. 14: 17 ff.; Mark 6: 38 ff.; John 6: 9 ff .

153 1 John 1: 1 .

154 John 10: 38; 14: 20 .

155 Acts 13: 47; 26: 18; 28: 28 .

156 Cf. Eph. 3: 6; Acts 26: 6 .

157 Acts 21: 39; 22: 3; 23: 34 .

158 Acts 9: 2; 22: 5; 26: 12 and often elsewhere.

159 Gal. 1: 13, 23 .

160 John 12: 38 and often elsewhere.

161 Source unknown. Cf. Rev. 3: 12; 21: 2–10; Heb. 12: 22; Gal. 4: 26 (probably very free).

162 Cf. Gal. 4: 27; Isa. 54: 1 .

163 Acts 9: 4; 22: 6 f.; 26: 14 .

164 Cf. Matt. 24; Mark 13; Luke 21.

165 Cf. John 17: 20 .

166 Cf. Rev. 6: 13; 8: 10; 9: 1 .

167 Cf. Rev. 8: 7; 11: 19; 16: 21 .

168 Cf. Rev. 8: 5; 11: 19; 16: 18 .

169 Rev. 11: 13; 16: 19 .

170 Testament, ed. Guerrier, PO 9.3, 40.

171 Ibid.

172 Cf. Luke 24: 25 .

173 Cf. Acts 13: 10 .

174 Ps. 13: 3 LXX.

175 Ps. 49: 19b LXX.

176 Ps. 49: 18 LXX.

177 Ps. 49: 20 LXX.

178 Ps. 49: 21b LXX.

179 Ps. 78: 10 LXX.

180 Exit: cf. Wisd. 3: 2 .

181 Cf. Jas. 1: 3; 1 Pet. 1: 7 .

182 John 14: 15; 15: 10 .

183 Cf. John 13: 31 f.; 14: 13 .

184 Cf. 1 John 2: 4 .

185 Cf. John 14: 23 .

186 Cf. Luke 21: 10 f.

231 Cf. Luke. 3: 17; Matt. 3: 12; 13: 30 .

232 Cf. Matt. 5: 11; 10: 22 .

233 Cf. Rom. 16: 17 .

234 Cf. John 7: 18 .

235 Matt. 24: 5 ff.; Rom 16: 18 .

236 Acts 1: 9 .

237 Cf. Heb. 8: 1; 10: 11–12 ; 1 Clem. 36. 1.

238 Mark 5: 34; Acts 16: 36; Jas. 2: 16 .

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