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The Apocryphal New Testament Easy to use collection of English translations of the New Testament Apocrypha.

The Apocalypses of the Virgin

There are two apocalypses under the name of the Virgin Mary. One is in Greek, Armenian, Ethiopic, and Slavonic; the other is in Ethiopic.

(a) The Greek Apocalypse

Mary, during her Descensus ad Inferos, is shown the tortures of Hell, and begs pardon for the sufferers. Intercession for sinners is a theme found in the Apocalypse of Paul, and in other books of this genre (e.g. 4 Esdras, the Greek and Slavonic Apocalypse of Baruch (3 Baruch), Apocalypse of Esdras, etc). It is a ninth‐century work and seems to have drawn on the Apocalypse of Paul and perhaps also on the Apocalypse of Peter.

Edition

  • James, Apoc. Anec. i. 109–26.

Modern Translations

English

  • R. Rutherford, in A. Menzies (ed.), Ante–Nicene Christian Library, Additional volume 9 (Edinburgh, 1897), 167–74.

  • James, 563 (summary).

Italian

  • Erbetta, iii. 447–54.

(b) The Ethiopic Apocalypse

See bibliography to The Apocalypse of Paul under ‘Ethiopic’ (above, p. 618).

General

  • R. Bauckham, ‘Virgin, Apocalypses of the’ in D. N. Freedman (ed.), Anchor Bible Dictionary (New York, 1992), vi. 854–6 (with a full bibliography).

For further details of these apocalypses of Mary see R. Bauckham, ‘The Conflict of Justice and Mercy: Attitudes to the Damned in Apocalyptic Literature’, in La fable apocryphe: Actes du colloque de centenaire de l’école pratique des hautes études Ve section (Turnhout, 1990), 181–96 (= Apocrypha. Le champ des apocryphes 1); and see further below—Appendix: The Assumption of the Virgin.

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