Thessalonica was the capital and major city of the Roman province of Macedonia, about one hundred miles southwest of Philippi along a major Roman road. The communities at Thessalonica and Philippi were among Paul's first converts in Greece. This letter indicates that he encountered many troubles there from both Jews and Greeks. The beginning of Paul's ministry in Thessalonica was characterized by suffering and humiliation. He was “insolently treated at Philippi,” an incident to which he does not allude in his letter there (see 2, 2; see also Acts 20, 34; 1 Cor 4, 12; 9, 3–18; 2 Thes 3, 7–9 ). The Thessalonians, too, shared in some of that persecution ( 2, 14–16 ). Persecution, illness, misunderstanding, and other forms of suffering plague Paul's ministry. Yet he constantly has hope of being found worthy by God to be entrusted with the preaching of the gospel ( 2, 4 ).