The Messenger of the Covenant
1Lo, I am sending my messenger to prepare the way before me;* And suddenly there will come to thetemple the LORD whom you seek, And the messenger of the covenantwhom you desire. Yes, he is coming, says the LORD ofhosts. p Is 40, 3; Mt 11, 10; Mk 1, 2; Lk 1, 17; 7, 27 . 2But who will endure the day of hiscoming? And who can stand when he appears? For he is like the refiner's fire, or like the fuller's lye. 3He will sit refining and purifying [silver], and he will purify the sons of Levi, Refining them like gold or like silver that they may offer due sacrifice tothe LORD. q Is 1, 25; Zec 13, 9 . 4Then the sacrifice of Judah andJerusalem will please the LORD, as in the days of old, as in years gone by. 5I will draw near to you for judgment, and I will be swift to bear witness Against the sorcerers, adulterers, andperjurers, those who defraud the hired man ofhis wages, Against those who defraud widows and orphans; those who turn aside the stranger, and those who do not fear me, saysthe LORD of hosts. 6Surely I, the LORD, do not change,* nor do you cease to be sons of Jacob. 7Since the days of your fathers you haveturned aside from my statutes, and have not keptthem. return to me, and I will return to you, says the LORD of hosts. Yet you say, “How must we return?” r Zec 1, 3f; Acts 7, 51 . 8Dare a man rob God? Yet you arerobbing me! And you say, “How do we rob you?” In tithes and in offerings! s Neh 13, 10–14 . 9You are indeed accursed, for you, the whole nation, rob me. 10Bring the whole tithe into the storehouse,* That there may be food in my house, and try me in this, says the LORD ofhosts: Shall I not open for you the floodgates ofheaven, to pour down blessing upon youwithout measure? t 2 Chr 31, 10f; Neh 10, 38; 13, 12; Prv 3, 9f . 11For your sake I will forbid the locust to destroy your crops; And the vine in the field will not bebarren, says the LORD of hosts. 12Then all nations will call you blessed, for you will be a delightful land, says the LORD of hosts.
13You have defied me in word, says the LORD, yet you ask, “What have we spokenagainst you?” 14You have said, “It is vain to serve God, and what do we profit by keeping hiscommand, And going about in penitential dress in awe of the LORD of hosts? u Jb 21, 14f; 22, 17; Ps 73, 11f . 15Rather must we call the proud blessed; for indeed evildoers prosper, and even tempt God with impunity.” 16Then they who fear the LORD spoke withone another, and the LORD listened attentively; And a record book* was written beforehim of those who fear the LORD and trust inhis name. v Rv 20, 12 . 17And they shall be mine, says the LORD ofhosts, my own special possession, on the dayI take action. And I will have compassion on them, as a man has compassion on his sonwho serves him. w Ex 19, 5; Dt 7, 6; Pss 103, 13; 135, 4 . 18Then you will again see the distinction between the just and the wicked; Between him who serves God, and him who does not serve him. 19For lo, the day is coming, blazing like anoven, when all the proud and all evildoerswill be stubble, And the day that is coming will set themon fire, leaving them neither root nor branch, says the LORD of hosts. x Is 13, 9; 34, 8; Jl 3, 3; Zep 1, 18; 2 Pt 3, 7 . 20But for you who fear my name, there willarise the sun of justice with its healing rays; And you will gambol like calves out ofthe stall 21and tread down the wicked; y Lk 1, 78f . They will become ashes under the solesof your feet, on the day I take action, says the LORDof hosts.
22Remember the law of Moses my servant, which I enjoined upon him on Horeb, The statutes and ordinances for all Israel. z Ex 20; Lv 26; Dt 4, 1. 5f . 23Lo, I will send you Elijah,* the prophet, Before the day of the LORDcomes, the great and terrible day, 24To turn the hearts of the fathers to theirchildren, and the hearts of the children to theirfathers, a Mt 11, 14; 17, 10; Mk 9, 10ff; Lk 1, 17 . Lest I come and strike the land with doom.
Lo, I will send you Elijah, the prophet, Before the day of the LORD comes, the great and terrible day,*