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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 28

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The Priestly Vestments. 1 i 1–5: Ex 39, 1; Sir 45, 7 . “From among the Israelites have your brother Aaron, together with his sons Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, brought to you, that they may be my priests. 2For the glorious adornment of your brother Aaron you shall have sacred vestments made. 3Therefore, to the various expert workmen whom I have endowed with skill, you shall give instructions to make such vestments for Aaron as will set him apart for his sacred service as my priest. 4These are the vestments they shall make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a brocaded tunic, a miter and a sash. In making these sacred vestments which your brother Aaron and his sons are to wear in serving as my priests, 5they shall use gold, violet, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen.

The Ephod and Breastpiece. 6“The ephod* they shall make of gold thread and of violet, purple and scarlet yarn, embroidered on cloth of fine linen twined. j 6–12: Ex 39, 2–7; Sir 45, 8–14 . 7It shall have a pair of shoulder straps joined to its two upper ends. 8The embroidered belt on the ephod shall extend out from it and, like it, be made of gold thread, of violet, purple and scarlet yarn, and of fine linen twined.

9“Get two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel: 10six of their names on one stone, and the other six on the other stone, in the order of their birth. 11As a gem‐cutter engraves a seal, so shall you have the two stones engraved with the names of the sons of Israel and then mounted in gold filigree work. 12Set these two stones on the shoulder straps of the ephod as memorial stones of the sons of Israel. Thus Aaron shall bear their names on his shoulders as a reminder before the LORD. 13Make filigree rosettes of gold, k 13f: Ex 28, 22. 25; 39, 15. 18. 14as well as two chains of pure gold, twisted like cords, and fasten the cordlike chains to the filigree rosettes.

15 l 15–21: Ex 39, 15–21 . “The breastpiece* of decision you shall also have made, embroidered like the ephod with gold thread and violet, purple and scarlet yarn on cloth of fine linen twined. 16It is to be square when folded double, a span high and a span wide. 17 * On it you shall mount four rows of precious stones: in the first row, a carnelian, a topaz and an emerald; 18in the second row, a garnet, a sapphire and a beryl; 19in the third row, a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst; 20in the fourth row, a chrysolite, an onyx and a jasper. These stones are to be mounted in gold filigree work, 21twelve of them to match the names of the sons of Israel, each stone engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes.

22“When the chains of pure gold, twisted like cords, have been made for the breastpiece, 23you shall then make two rings of gold for it and fasten them to the two upper ends of the breastpiece. 24The gold cords are then to be fastened to the two rings at the upper ends of the breastpiece, 25the other two ends of the cords being fastened in front to the two filigree rosettes which are attached to the shoulder straps of the ephod. 26Make two other rings of gold and put them on the two lower ends of the breastpiece, on its edge that faces the ephod. 27Then make two more rings of gold and fasten them to the bottom of the shoulder straps next to where they join the ephod in front, just above its embroidered belt. 28Violet ribbons shall bind the rings of the breastpiece to the rings of the ephod, so that the breastpiece will stay right above the embroidered belt of the ephod and not swing loose from it.

29“Whenever Aaron enters the sanctuary, he will thus bear the names of the sons of Israel on the breastpiece of decision over his heart as a constant reminder before the LORD. 30In this breastpiece of decision m Lv 8, 8; Sir 45, 11 . you shall put the Urim and Thummim,* that they may be over Aaron's heart whenever he enters the presence of the LORD. Thus he shall always bear the decisions for the Israelites over his heart in the LORD'S presence.

Other Vestments. 31“The robe of the ephod n 31–35: Ex 39, 20ff; Lv 8, 9; Sir 45, 10 . you shall make entirely of violet material. 32It shall have an opening for the head in the center, and around this opening there shall be a selvage, woven as at the opening of a shirt, to keep it from being torn. 33All around the hem at the bottom you shall make pomegranates, woven of violet, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen twined, with goldbells between them; 34first a gold bell, then a pomegranate, and thus alternating all around the hem of the robe. 35Aaron shall wear it when ministering, that its tinkling may be heard as he enters and leaves the LORD'S presence in the sanctuary; else he will die.

36“You shall also make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it, as on a seal engraving, “Sacred to the LORD.” 37This plate is to be tied over the miter with a violet ribbon in such a way that it rests on the front of the miter, o Ex 39, 31; Lv 8, 9 . 38over Aaron's forehead. Since Aaron bears whatever guilt the Israelites may incur in consecrating any of their sacred gifts, this plate must always be over his forehead, so that they may find favor with the LORD.

39 p 39–43: Ex 39, 27ff . “The tunic of fine linen shall be brocaded. The miter shall be made of fine linen. The sash shall be of variegated work.

40“Likewise, for the glorious adornment of Aaron's sons you shall have tunics and sashes and turbans made. 41With these you shall clothe your brother Aaron and his sons. Anoint and ordain them,* consecrating them as my priests. 42You must also make linen drawers for them, to cover their naked flesh from their loins to their thighs. q Ez 44, 18 . 43Aaron and his sons shall wear them whenever they go into the meeting tent or approach the altar to minister in the sanctuary, lest they incur guilt and die. This shall be a perpetual ordinance for him and for his descendants.

Notes:

i: 1–5: Ex 39, 1; Sir 45, 7 .

j: 6–12: Ex 39, 2–7; Sir 45, 8–14 .

k: 13f: Ex 28, 22. 25; 39, 15. 18.

l: 15–21: Ex 39, 15–21 .

m: Lv 8, 8; Sir 45, 11 .

n: 31–35: Ex 39, 20ff; Lv 8, 9; Sir 45, 10 .

o: Ex 39, 31; Lv 8, 9 .

p: 39–43: Ex 39, 27ff .

q: Ez 44, 18 .

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