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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 5

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For Special Cases. 1“If any person refuses to give the information which, as a witness of something he has seen or learned, he has been adjured to give, and thus commits a sin and has guilt to bear; g Prv 29, 24 . 2or if someone, without being aware of it, touches any unclean thing, as the carcass of an unclean wild animal, h Lv 11, 24. 31. 39; 12; 13; 15 . or that of an unclean domestic animal, or that of an unclean swarming creature, and thus becomes unclean and guilty; 3or if someone, without being aware of it, touches some human uncleanness, whatever kind of uncleanness this may be, and then recognizes his guilt; 4or if someone, without being aware of it, rashly utters an oath i Jgs 11, 30f; 1 Sm 14, 24; Mk 6, 23; Acts 23, 12 . to do good or evil, such as men are accustomed to utter rashly, and then recognizes that he is guilty of such an oath; 5then whoever is guilty in any of these cases shall confess the sin he has incurred, j Lv 26, 40; Nm 5, 7 . 6and as his sin offering for the sin he has committed he shall bring to the LORD a female animal from the flock, a ewe lamb or a she‐goat. The priest shall then make atonement for his sin.

7“If, however, he cannot afford an animal of the flock, he shall bring to the LORD as the sin offering for his sin two turtledoves or two pigeons, one for a sin offering and the other for a holocaust. k Lv 12, 8; Lk 2, 24 . 8He shall bring them to the priest, who shall offer the one for the sin offering first. Snapping its head loose at the neck, yet without breaking it off completely, l Lv 1, 15. 17 . 9he shall sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering against the side of the altar. m Lv 1, 15 . The rest of the blood shall be squeezed out against the base of the altar. Such is the offering for sin. 10The other bird shall be offered as a holocaust in the usual way. Thus the priest shall make atonement for the sin the man committed, and it will be forgiven.

11“If he is unable to afford even two turtledoves or two pigeons, he shall present as a sin offering for his sin one tenth of an ephah of fine flour. He shall not put oil or frankincense on it, because it is a sin offering. 12When he has brought it to the priest, the latter shall take a handful of this flour as a token offering, and this he shall burn as a sin offering on the altar with the other oblations of the LORD. 13Thus the priest shall make atonement for the sin that the man committed in any of the above cases, and it will be forgiven. n Lv 4, 26. 35 . The rest of the flour, like the cereal offerings, shall belong to the priest.”

Guilt Offerings. 14The LORD said to Moses, 15“If someone commits a sin by inadvertently cheating* in the LORD's sacred dues, he shall bring to the LORD as his guilt offering an unblemished ram from the flock, valued at two silver shekels according to the standard of the sanctuary shekel. 16He shall also restore what he has sinfully withheld from the sanctuary, adding to it a fifth of its value. o Lv 22, 14 . This is to be given to the priest, who shall then make atonement for him with the guilt‐offering ram, and he will be forgiven.

17 p Lv 4, 2 . “If someone, without being aware of it,* commits such a sin by doing one of the things which are forbidden by some commandment of the LORD, that he incurs guilt for which he must answer, 18he shall bring as a guilt offering to the priest an unblemished ram of the flock of the established value. The priest shall then make atonement for the fault which was unwittingly committed, and it will be forgiven. 19Such is the offering for guilt; the penalty of the guilt must be paid to the LORD.”

20The LORD said to Moses, 21“If someone commits a sin of dishonesty against the LORD by denying his neighbor a deposit or a pledge for a stolen article, or by otherwise retaining his neighbor's goods unjustly, 22or if, having found a lost article, he denies the fact and swears falsely about it with any of the sinful oaths that men make in such cases, 23he shall therefore, since he has incurred guilt by his sin, restore the thing that was stolen or unjustly retained by him or the deposit left with him or the lost article he found 24or whatever else he swore falsely about; on the day of his guilt offering he shall make full restitution of the thing itself, and in addition, give the owner one fifth of its value. 25As his guilt offering he shall bring to the LORD an unblemished ram of the flock of the established value. When he has presented this as his guilt offering to the priest, 26the latter shall make atonement for him before the LORD, and he will be forgiven whatever guilt he may have incurred.”

Notes:

g: Prv 29, 24 .

h: Lv 11, 24. 31. 39; 12; 13; 15 .

i: Jgs 11, 30f; 1 Sm 14, 24; Mk 6, 23; Acts 23, 12 .

j: Lv 26, 40; Nm 5, 7 .

k: Lv 12, 8; Lk 2, 24 .

l: Lv 1, 15. 17 .

m: Lv 1, 15 .

n: Lv 4, 26. 35 .

o: Lv 22, 14 .

p: Lv 4, 2 .

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