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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 24

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Text Commentary

The Sanctuary Light. 1The LORD said to Moses, 2“Order the Israelites to bring you clear oil of crushed olives for the light, so that you may keep lamps burning regularly. n Ex 27, 20f . 3In the meeting tent, outside the veil that hangs in front of the commandments, Aaron shall set up the lamps to burn before the LORD regularly, from evening till morning. Thus, by a perpetual statute for you and your descendants, 4the lamps shall be set up on the pure gold lampstand, o Ex 25, 31 . to burn regularly before the LORD.

The Showbread. 5“You shall take fine flour and bake it p Ex 25, 30; 1 Kgs 7, 48; 2 Chr 4, 19; 13, 11; Heb 9, 2 . into twelve cakes, using two tenths of an ephah of flour for each cake. 6These you shall place in two piles, six in each pile, on the pure gold table before the LORD. 7On each pile put some pure frankincense, which shall serve as an oblation to the LORD, a token offering for the bread. 8Regularly on each sabbath day this bread shall be set out afresh q 1 Chr 9, 32 . before the LORD, offered on the part of the Israelites by an everlasting agreement. 9It shall belong to Aaron and his sons, who must eat it in a sacred place, since, as something most sacred among the various oblations to the LORD, it is his by perpetual right.”

Punishment of Blasphemy. 10Among the Israelites there was a man born of an Israelite mother (Shelomith, daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan) and an Egyptian father. 11This man quarreled publicly with another Israelite and cursed and blasphemed the LORD's name. So the people brought him to Moses, 12who kept him in custody till a decision from the LORD should settle the case for them. 13The LORD then said to Moses, 14“Take the blasphemer outside the camp, and when all who heard him have laid their hands on his head, let the whole community stone him. 15Tell the Israelites: Anyone who curses his God shall bear the penalty of his sin; 16whoever blasphemes the name of the LORD shall be put to death. r 1 Kgs 21, 10. 13; Mt 26, 65f; Jn 10, 33 . The whole community shall stone him; alien and native alike must be put to death for blaspheming the LORD's name.

17“Whoever takes the life of any human being shall be put to death; s Gn 9, 5f; Ex 21, 12; Nm 35, 31; Dt 19, 11f . 18whoever takes the life of an animal shall make restitution of another animal. A life for a life! t Ex 21, 33f . 19Anyone who inflicts an injury on his neighbor shall receive the same in return. 20Limb for limb, eye for eye, tooth for tooth! The same injury that a man gives another shall be inflicted on him in return. u Dt 19, 21; Mt 5, 38 . 21Whoever slays an animal shall make restitution, but whoever slays a man shall be put to death. 22You shall have but one rule, for alien and native alike. v Lv 19, 34; Ex 12, 49; Nm 15, 16 . I, the LORD, am your God.”

23When Moses told this to the Israelites, they took the blasphemer outside the camp and stoned him; w Acts 7, 57f . they carried out the command that the LORD had given Moses.

Notes:

n: Ex 27, 20f .

o: Ex 25, 31 .

p: Ex 25, 30; 1 Kgs 7, 48; 2 Chr 4, 19; 13, 11; Heb 9, 2 .

q: 1 Chr 9, 32 .

r: 1 Kgs 21, 10. 13; Mt 26, 65f; Jn 10, 33 .

s: Gn 9, 5f; Ex 21, 12; Nm 35, 31; Dt 19, 11f .

t: Ex 21, 33f .

u: Dt 19, 21; Mt 5, 38 .

v: Lv 19, 34; Ex 12, 49; Nm 15, 16 .

w: Acts 7, 57f .

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