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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 23

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The Last Words of David*

1These are the last words of David: “The utterance of David, son of Jesse; the utterance of the man God raised up, Anointed of the God of Jacob, favorite of the Mighty One of Israel. q 1 Kgs 2, 3–9; Sir 47, 8 . 2The spirit of the LORD spoke through me; his word was on my tongue. r Is 59, 21; Jer 1, 9 . 3The God of Israel spoke; of me the Rock of Israel said, ‘He that rules over men in justice, that rules in the fear of God, s Ps 72, 1–4 . 4Is like the morning light at sunrise on a cloudless morning, making the greensward sparkle after rain.’ t Jgs 5, 31; Ps 72, 6 . 5Is not my house firm before God? He has made an eternal covenant with me, set forth in detail and secured. u 2 Sm 7, 11. 15f; Ps 89, 30; Is 55, 3 . Will he not bring to fruition all my salvation and my every desire? 6But the wicked are all like thorns to be cast away; they cannot be taken up by hand. v Dt 13, 14 . 7He who wishes to touch them must arm himself with iron and the shaft of a spear, and they must be consumed by fire.”

David's Warriors. 8These are the names of David's warriors.* Ishbaal, son of Hachamoni, was the first of the Three. It was he who brandished his battle‐ax over eight hundred slain in a single encounter. w 8–39: 1 Chr 11, 41; 27, 1–15 . 9Next to him, among the Three warriors, was Eleazar, son of Dodo the Ahohite. He was with David at Ephesdammim when the Philistines assembled there for battle. The Israelites had retreated, x 1 Sm 17, 1 . 10but he stood his ground and fought the Philistines until his hand grew tired and became cramped, holding fast to the sword. The LORD brought about a great victory on that day; the soldiers turned back after Eleazar, but only to strip the slain. 11Next to him was Shammah, son of Agee the Hararite. The Philistines had assembled at Lehi, where there was a plot of land full of lentils. When the soldiers fled from the Philistines, y Jgs 15, 9 . 12he took his stand in the middle of the plot and defended it. He slew the Philistines, and the LORD brought about a great victory. Such were the deeds of the Three warriors.

13During the harvest three of the Thirty went down to David in the cave of Adullam, while a Philistine clan was encamped in the Vale of Rephaim. z 1 Sm 22, 1; Mi 1, 15 . 14At that time David was in the refuge, and there was a garrison of Philistines in Bethlehem. 15Now David had a strong craving and said, “Oh, that someone would give me a drink of water from the cistern that is by the gate of Bethlehem!” 16So the Three warriors broke through the Philistine camp and drew water from the cistern that is by the gate of Bethlehem. But when they brought it to David he refused to drink it, and instead poured it out to the LORD, 17saying: “The LORD forbid that I do this! Can I drink the blood of these men who went at the risk of their lives?” So he refused to drink it.

18Abishai, brother of Joab, son of Zeruiah, was at the head of the Thirty. It was he who brandished his spear over three hundred slain. He was listed among the Thirty 19and commanded greater respect than the Thirty, becoming their leader. However, he did not attain to the Three.

20Benaiah, son of Jehoiada, a stalwart from Kabzeel, was a man of great achievements. It was he who slew the two lions in Moab. He also went down and killed the lion in the cistern at the time of the snow. a 2 Sm 8, 18; 20, 23; Jgs 14, 6; 1 Kgs 2, 29f . 21It was he, too, who slew an Egyptian of large stature. Although the Egyptian was armed with a spear, he went against him with a club and wrested the spear from the Egyptian's hand, then killed him with his own spear. 22Such were the deeds performed by Benaiah, son of Jehoiada. He was listed among the Thirty warriors 23and commanded greater respect than the Thirty. However, he did not attain to the Three. David put him in command of his bodyguard. b 1 Sm 22, 14 . 24Asahel,* brother of Joab. … c 2 Sm 2, 18–23 .

Among the Thirty were: Elhanan, son of Dodo, from Bethlehem; 25Shammah from En‐harod; Elika from En‐harod; 26Helez from Beth‐pelet; Ira, son of Ikkesh, from Tekoa; 27Abiezer from Anathoth; Sibbekai from Hushah; d 2 Sm 21, 18 . 28Zalmon from Ahoh; Maharai from Netophah; 29Heled, son of Baanath, from Netophah; Ittai, son of Ribai, from Gibeah of the Benjaminites; 30Benaiah from Pirathon; Hiddai from Nahale‐gaash; 31Abibaal from Beth‐arabah; Azmaveth from Bahurim; 32Eliahba from Shaalbon; Jashen the Gunite; Jonathan, 33son of Shammah the Hararite; Ahiam, son of Sharar the Hararite; 34Eliphelet, son of Ahasbai, from Beth‐maacah; Eliam, son of Ahithophel, from Gilo; 35Hezrai from Carmel; Paarai the Arbite; 36Igal, son of Nathan, from Zobah; Bani the Gadite; 37Zelek the Ammonite; Naharai from Beeroth, armor‐bearer of Joab, son of Zeruiah; 38Ira from Jattir; Gareb from Jattir; 39Uriah the Hittite—thirty‐seven in all. e 2 Sm 11, 3f .

Notes:

q: 1 Kgs 2, 3–9; Sir 47, 8 .

r: Is 59, 21; Jer 1, 9 .

s: Ps 72, 1–4 .

t: Jgs 5, 31; Ps 72, 6 .

u: 2 Sm 7, 11. 15f; Ps 89, 30; Is 55, 3 .

v: Dt 13, 14 .

w: 8–39: 1 Chr 11, 41; 27, 1–15 .

x: 1 Sm 17, 1 .

y: Jgs 15, 9 .

z: 1 Sm 22, 1; Mi 1, 15 .

a: 2 Sm 8, 18; 20, 23; Jgs 14, 6; 1 Kgs 2, 29f .

b: 1 Sm 22, 14 .

c: 2 Sm 2, 18–23 .

d: 2 Sm 21, 18 .

e: 2 Sm 11, 3f .

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