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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 3

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Campaign of Joram against Moab. 1Joram, son of Ahab, became king of Israel in Samaria [in the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, and he reigned for twelve years].* 2He did evil in the LORD's sight, though not as much as his father and mother. He did away with the pillar of Baal, which his father had made, 3but he still clung to the sin to which Jeroboam, son of Nebat, had lured Israel; this he did not give up.

4Now Mesha, king of Moab, who raised sheep, used to pay the king of Israel as tribute a hundred thousand lambs and the wool of a hundred thousand rams. 5But when Ahab died, the king of Moab had rebelled against the king of Israel. 6Joram as king mustered all Israel, and when he set out on a campaign from Samaria, 7he sent the king of Judah the message: “The king of Moab is in rebellion against me. Will you join me in battle against Moab?” “I will,” he replied. “You and I shall be as one, your people and mine, and your horses and mine as well.” k 1 Kgs 22, 4 . 8They discussed the route for their attack, and settled upon the route through the desert of Edom.

9So the king of Israel set out, accompanied by the king of Judah and the king of Edom. After their roundabout journey of seven days the water gave out for the army and for the animals with them. 10“Alas!” exclaimed the king of Israel. “The LORD has called together these three kings to put them in the grasp of Moab.” 11But the king of Judah asked, “Is there no prophet of the LORD here through whom we may inquire of the LORD?” One of the officers of the king of Israel replied, “Elisha, son of Shaphat, who poured water on the hands of Elijah, is here.” l 1 Kgs 22, 7 . 12“He has the word of the LORD,” the king of Judah agreed. So the kings of Israel, Judah, and Edom went down to Elisha. 13“What do you want with me?” Elisha asked the king of Israel. “Go to the prophets of your father and to the prophets of your mother.” “No,” the king of Israel replied. “The LORD has called these three kings together to put them in the grasp of Moab.” 14Then Elisha said, “As the LORD of hosts lives, whom I serve, were it not that I respect the king of Judah, I should neither look at you nor notice you at all. m 1 Kgs 18, 15 . 15Now get me a minstrel.”

When the minstrel played, the power of the LORD came upon Elisha 16and he announced: “Thus says the LORD, ‘Provide many catch basins in this wadi.’ 17For the LORD says, ‘Though you will see neither wind nor rain, yet this wadi will be filled with water for you, your livestock, and your pack animals to drink.’ 18And since the LORD does not consider this enough, he will also deliver Moab into your grasp. 19You shall destroy every fortified city, fell every fruit tree, stop up all the springs, and ruin every fertile field with stones.” n Dt 20, 19 .

20In the morning, at the time of the sacrifice, water came from the direction of Edom and filled the land. o 1 Kgs 18, 29 . 21Meanwhile, all Moab heard that the kings had come to give them battle; every man capable of bearing arms was called up and stationed at the border. 22Early that morning, when the sun shone on the water, the Moabites saw the water at a distance as red as blood.* 23“This is blood!” they exclaimed. “The kings have fought among themselves and killed one another. Quick! To the spoils, Moabites!” 24But when they reached the camp of Israel, the Israelites rose up and attacked the Moabites, who fled from them. They ranged through the countryside striking down the Moabites, and 25destroying the cities; each of them cast stones onto every fertile field till they had loaded it down; all the springs they stopped up and every useful tree they felled. Finally only Kir‐hareseth* was left behind its stone walls, and the slingers had surrounded it and were attacking it. p Jb 5, 23 . 26When he saw that he was losing the battle, the king of Moab took seven hundred swordsmen to break through to the king of Aram, but he failed. 27So he took his first‐born, his heir apparent, and offered him as a holocaust upon the wall. The wrath against Israel* was so great that they gave up the siege and returned to their own land. q Jgs 11, 30f .

Notes:

k: 1 Kgs 22, 4 .

l: 1 Kgs 22, 7 .

m: 1 Kgs 18, 15 .

n: Dt 20, 19 .

o: 1 Kgs 18, 29 .

p: Jb 5, 23 .

q: Jgs 11, 30f .

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