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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 89

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A Lament over God's Promise to David

1A maskil of Ethan the Ezrahite.

I

2The promises of the LORD I will sing forever, l Is 63, 7 . proclaim your loyalty through all ages. 3For you said, “My love is established forever;* my loyalty will stand as long as the heavens. 4I have made a covenant with my chosen one; I have sworn to David my servant: 5I will make your dynasty stand forever and establish your throne through all ages.” m Pss 61, 7–8; 132, 11; 2 Sm 7, 8–16 .   Selah

II

6The heavens praise your marvels, LORD, your loyalty in the assembly of the holy ones. n Pss 29, 1; 82, 1; Jb 1, 6; 5, 1 . 7Who in the skies ranks with the LORD? Who is like the LORD among the gods? o 89, 7–9: Pss 35, 10; 86, 8; 113, 5; Ex 15, 11; Jer 10, 6 . * 8A God dreaded in the council of the holy ones, greater and more awesome than all who sit there! 9 LORD, God of hosts, who is like you? Mighty LORD, your loyalty is always present. 10You rule the raging sea; p 89, 10–11: Pss 65, 8; 74, 13–15; 107, 29; Jb 7, 12; Is 51, 9–10 . you still its swelling waves. 11You crushed Rahab* with a mortal blow; your strong arm scattered your foes. 12Yours are the heavens, yours the earth; you founded the world and everything in it. q Pss 24, 1–2; 50, 12; Dt 10, 14; 1 Cor 10, 26 . 13Zaphon and Amanus* you created; Tabor* and Hermon* rejoice in your name. 14Mighty your arm, strong your hand, your right hand is ever exalted. 15Justice and judgment are the foundation of your throne; love and loyalty march before you. r Pss 85, 11–12; 97, 2 . 16Happy the people who know you, LORD, who walk in the radiance of your face. 17In your name they sing joyfully all the day; at your victory they raise the festal shout. s Ps 47, 2; Zep 3, 14 . 18You are their majestic strength; by your favor our horn* is exalted. t Pss 112, 9; 148, 14 . 19Truly the LORD is our shield, the Holy One of Israel, our king! u Pss 47, 9; 96, 10; 97, 1; 99, 1; Is 6, 3 .

III

20Once you spoke in vision; v 89, 20–21: Pss 78, 70; 132, 11–12; 2 Sm 7, 4. 8–16; 1 Chr 17, 3. 7–14; Is 42, 1; Acts 13, 22 . to your faithful ones you said: “I have set a leader over the warriors; I have raised up a hero from the army. 21I have chosen David, my servant; with my holy oil I have anointed him. 22My hand will be with him; w 89, 22–25: 1 Sm 2, 9–10 . my arm will make him strong. 23No enemy shall outwit him, nor shall the wicked defeat him. 24I will crush his foes before him, strike down those who hate him. 25My loyalty and love will be with him; through my name his horn will be exalted. 26I will set his hand upon the sea, his right hand upon the rivers.* 27He shall cry to me, ‘You are my father, x 89, 27–28: Pss 2, 7; 110, 2–3; 2 Sm 7, 9. 14; Col 1, 15. 18; Rv 1, 5 . my God, the Rock that brings me victory!' 28I myself make him firstborn, Most High* over the kings of the earth. 29Forever I will maintain my love for him; y 89, 29–30: Pss 18, 51; 61, 8; 144, 10; 2 Sm 7, 11; Is 55, 3 . my covenant with him stands firm. 30I will establish his dynasty forever, his throne as the days of the heavens. 31If his descendants forsake my law, z 89, 31–33: Lv 26, 14–33 . do not follow my decrees, 32If they fail to observe my statutes, do not keep my commandments, 33I will punish their crime with a rod and their guilt with lashes. 34But I will not take my love from him, nor will I betray my bond of loyalty. a Ps 40, 12; Sir 47, 22 . 35I will not violate my covenant; the promise of my lips I will not alter. b Jer 33, 20–21 . 36By my holiness I swore once for all: c Am 4, 2 . I will never be false to David. 37His dynasty will continue forever, d 89, 37–38: Pss 61, 8; 72, 5; Sir 43, 6 . his throne, like the sun before me. 38Like the moon it will stand eternal, forever firm like the sky!”*   Selah

IV

39But now you have rejected and spurned, e 89, 39–47: Ps 44, 10–25 . been enraged at your anointed. 40You renounced the covenant with your servant, defiled his crown in the dust. 41You broke down all his defenses, f 89, 41–42: Ps 80, 13–14 . left his strongholds in ruins. 42All who pass through seize plunder; his neighbors deride him. 43You have exalted the right hand of his foes, have gladdened all his enemies. g Lam 1, 5 . 44You turned back his sharp sword, did not support him in battle. 45You brought to an end his splendor, hurled his throne to the ground. 46You cut short the days of his youth, covered him with shame.   Selah 47How long, LORD? Will you stay hidden forever? Must your wrath smolder like fire? h Pss 13, 2; 44, 25; 74, 10; 79, 5; Dt 4, 24 . 48Remember how brief is my life, how frail the race you created! i Pss 39, 5–6; 62, 10; 90, 9–10; 144, 4; Jb 7, 6. 7, 16; 14, 1. 5; Eccl 6, 12; Wis 2, 5 . 49What mortal can live and not see death? Who can escape the power of Sheol? j Ps 90, 3 .   Selah 50Where are your promises of old, Lord, the loyalty sworn to David? 51Remember, Lord, the insults to your servants, how I bear all the slanders of the nations. k Ps 79, 12 . 52Your enemies, LORD, insult your anointed; they insult my every endeavor.

* * *

53Blessed be the LORD forever! Amen and amen! l Pss 41, 14; 72, 18; 106, 48 . *

Notes:

l: Is 63, 7 .

m: Pss 61, 7–8; 132, 11; 2 Sm 7, 8–16 .

n: Pss 29, 1; 82, 1; Jb 1, 6; 5, 1 .

o: 89, 7–9: Pss 35, 10; 86, 8; 113, 5; Ex 15, 11; Jer 10, 6 .

p: 89, 10–11: Pss 65, 8; 74, 13–15; 107, 29; Jb 7, 12; Is 51, 9–10 .

q: Pss 24, 1–2; 50, 12; Dt 10, 14; 1 Cor 10, 26 .

r: Pss 85, 11–12; 97, 2 .

s: Ps 47, 2; Zep 3, 14 .

t: Pss 112, 9; 148, 14 .

u: Pss 47, 9; 96, 10; 97, 1; 99, 1; Is 6, 3 .

v: 89, 20–21: Pss 78, 70; 132, 11–12; 2 Sm 7, 4. 8–16; 1 Chr 17, 3. 7–14; Is 42, 1; Acts 13, 22 .

w: 89, 22–25: 1 Sm 2, 9–10 .

x: 89, 27–28: Pss 2, 7; 110, 2–3; 2 Sm 7, 9. 14; Col 1, 15. 18; Rv 1, 5 .

y: 89, 29–30: Pss 18, 51; 61, 8; 144, 10; 2 Sm 7, 11; Is 55, 3 .

z: 89, 31–33: Lv 26, 14–33 .

a: Ps 40, 12; Sir 47, 22 .

b: Jer 33, 20–21 .

c: Am 4, 2 .

d: 89, 37–38: Pss 61, 8; 72, 5; Sir 43, 6 .

e: 89, 39–47: Ps 44, 10–25 .

f: 89, 41–42: Ps 80, 13–14 .

g: Lam 1, 5 .

h: Pss 13, 2; 44, 25; 74, 10; 79, 5; Dt 4, 24 .

i: Pss 39, 5–6; 62, 10; 90, 9–10; 144, 4; Jb 7, 6. 7, 16; 14, 1. 5; Eccl 6, 12; Wis 2, 5 .

j: Ps 90, 3 .

k: Ps 79, 12 .

l: Pss 41, 14; 72, 18; 106, 48 .

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