The one who does this d The structure adopted in verses 21–27 follows the Heb will not become rich; one who despises small things will fail little by little. 2 Wine and women lead intelligent men astray, and the man who consorts with prostitutes is reckless. 3 Decay and worms will take possession of him, and the reckless person will be snatched away.4
One who trusts others too quickly has a shallow mind, and one who sins does wrong to himself. 5 One who rejoices in wickedness e Gk her will be condemned, f Heb: Gk you ought not to do 6 but one who hates gossip has less evil. 7 Never repeat a conversation, and you will lose nothing at all. 8 With friend or foe do not report it, and unless it would be a sin for you, do not reveal it; 9 for someone may have heard you and watched you, and in time will hate you. 10 Have you heard something? Let it die with you. Be brave, it will not make you burst! 11 Having heard something, the fool suffers birth pangs like a woman in labor with a child. 12 Like an arrow stuck in a person's thigh, so is gossip inside a fool.13
Question a friend; perhaps he did not do it; or if he did, so that he may not do it again. 14 Question a neighbor; perhaps he did not say it; or if he said it, so that he may not repeat it. 15 Question a friend, for often it is slander; so do not believe everything you hear. 16 A person may make a slip without intending it. Who has not sinned with his tongue? 17 Question your neighbor before you threaten him; and let the law of the Most High take its course. a Heb: Gk unprofitable20
The whole of wisdom is fear of the Lord, and in all wisdom there is the fulfillment of the law. b Other ancient authorities add For you will groan in untimely mourning, and will know of their sudden end. 22 The knowledge of wickedness is not wisdom, nor is there prudence in the counsel of sinners. 23 There is a cleverness that is detestable, and there is a fool who merely lacks wisdom. 24 Better are the God‐fearing who lack understanding than the highly intelligent who transgress the law. 25 There is a cleverness that is exact but unjust, and there are people who abuse favors to gain a verdict. 26 There is the villain bowed down in mourning, but inwardly he is full of deceit. 27 He hides his face and pretends not to hear, but when no one notices, he will take advantage of you. 28 Even if lack of strength keeps him from sinning, he will nevertheless do evil when he finds the opportunity. 29 A person is known by his appearance, and a sensible person is known when first met, face to face. 30 A person's attire and hearty laughter, and the way he walks, show what he is.