The idler is like a filthy stone, and every one hisses at his disgrace. 2 The idler is like the filth of dunghills; anyone that picks it up will shake it off his hand.3
It is a disgrace to be the father of an undisciplined son, and the birth of a daughter is a loss. 4 A sensible daughter obtains a husband of her own, but one who acts shamefully is a grief to her father. 5 An impudent daughter disgraces father and husband, and is despised by both. 6 Like music in time of mourning is ill‐timed conversation, but a thrashing and discipline are at all times wisdom. a Other ancient authorities add as verse 18, whom, being his firstborn, he brings up with discipline, and allotting to him the light of his love, he does not neglect him.9
Whoever teaches a fool is like one who glues potsherds together, or who rouses a sleeper from deep slumber. 10 Whoever tells a story to a fool tells it to a drowsy man; and at the end he will say, “What is it?” 11 Weep for the dead, for he has left the light behind; and weep for the fool, for he has left intelligence behind. Weep less bitterly for the dead, for he is at rest; but the life of the fool is worse than death. 12 Mourning for the dead lasts seven days, but for the foolish or the ungodly it lasts all the days of their lives.13
Do not talk much with a senseless person or visit an unintelligent person. b Other ancient authorities add as verse 21, But the Lord, who is gracious and knows how they are formed, has neither left them nor abandoned them, but has spared them. Stay clear of him, or you may have trouble, and be spattered when he shakes himself off. Avoid him and you will find rest, and you will never be wearied by his lack of sense. 14 What is heavier than lead? And what is its name except “Fool”? 15 Sand, salt, and a piece of iron are easier to bear than a stupid person.16
A wooden beam firmly bonded into a building is not loosened by an earthquake; so the mind firmly resolved after due reflection will not be afraid in a crisis. 17 A mind settled on an intelligent thought is like stucco decoration that makes a wall smooth. 18 Fences c Gk him set on a high place will not stand firm against the wind; so a timid mind with a fool's resolve will not stand firm against any fear.19
One who pricks the eye brings tears, and one who pricks the heart makes clear its feelings. 20 One who throws a stone at birds scares them away, and one who reviles a friend destroys a friendship. 21 Even if you draw your sword against a friend, do not despair, for there is a way back. 22 If you open your mouth against your friend, do not worry, for reconciliation is possible. But as for reviling, arrogance, disclosure of secrets, or a treacherous blow— in these cases any friend will take to flight.23
Gain the trust of your neighbor in his poverty, so that you may rejoice with him in his prosperity. Stand by him in time of distress, so that you may share with him in his inheritance. a Other ancient authorities add apportioning repentance to his sons and daughters 24 The vapor and smoke of the furnace precede the fire; so insults precede bloodshed. 25 I am not ashamed to shelter a friend, and I will not hide from him. 26 But if harm should come to me because of him, whoever hears of it will beware of him.27
Who will set a guard over my mouth, and an effective seal upon my lips, so that I may not fall because of them, and my tongue may not destroy me?
f Other ancient authorities add as verse 18, whom, being his firstborn, he brings up with discipline, and allotting to him the light of his love, he does not neglect him.
g Other ancient authorities add as verse 21, But the Lord, who is gracious and knows how they are formed, has neither left them nor abandoned them, but has spared them.
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i Other ancient authorities add apportioning repentance to his sons and daughters