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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary on The Acts of the Apostles

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20.1–6 : The last visit to Greece.

2 :

Through those regions, revisiting the churches of Philippi, Thessalonica, and Beroea (see 19.21 ).

3 :

Three months, at Corinth (see 2 Cor 12.14; 13.1 ; the problems evident in 2 Corinthians are passed over in silence). A plot … by the Jews, 9.24; 20.19; 23.12.

4 :

Paul's companions seem to be local representatives of churches that have contributed to the collection for Jerusalem organized by Paul (see 11.29n. ) who are traveling with him to deliver it (Rom 15.25–29; 1 Cor 16.3–4). Apart from 24.17 there is no hint of this major project of Paul's in Acts. Sopater, perhaps the Sosipater of Rom 16.21 . Aristarchus, 19.29; 27.2 (Col 4.10; Philem 24 ). A Gaius from Macedonia is mentioned in 19.29 , but Derbe is in the same region as Timothy's home (Lystra, see 16.1 ). Tychicus, Eph 6.21; Col 4.7; 2 Tim 4.12; Titus 3.12. Trophimus, 2 Tim 4.20 .

5 :

The “we” passages ( 16.10n. ) resume here at Philippi, the city where the previous passage ended ( 16.17 ).

6 :

Days of Unleavened Bread, 12.3 .

20.7–38 : The raising of Eutychus and the speech to the Ephesian elders.

7 :

The first day of the week, Sunday. Break bread, see 2.42n.; 27.36–37 .

9 :

Eutychus, a not uncommon name meaning “fortunate.” Three floors, a tenement‐style building is pictured.

10 :

An understated miraculous resurrection (cf. 14.19–20 ).

13 :

Assos, a port town on the coast, southwest of Troas, opposite the northern end of the island of Lesbos.

14 :

Mitylene, capital city of Lesbos.

15 :

Chios, an island south of Lesbos. Samos, an island southwest of Chios. Miletus, an important port on the western coast of Asia Minor at the mouth of the Meander. The “we” passages resume again at 21.1 .

16 :

Sail past Ephesus, while on route from Chios to Samos. Pentecost, see 2.1–41n.

17 :

Elders, 14.23n.

18–35 :

Paul's “farewell” address, the only speech in Acts explicitly addressed to Christians. It reviews Paul's accomplishments as depicted in Acts and looks forward to paint a picture of the church in Luke's day.

21 :

Paul's mission has been consistently portrayed as directed to both Jews and Greeks.

24–25 :

Finish my course … testify, a premonition of martyrdom (2 Tim 4.6 ).

27 :

Purpose of God, cf. 2.23; 4.28; 5.38–39; 13.36 .

28 :

Overseers (Gk “episkopoi”), used to designate officials in secular institutions; here it indicates those described as elders in v. 17 . Shepherd, an image for leadership both in the Hebrew Bible (Jer 3.15; 23.1–4; Ezek 34.1–24 ) and in the nonbiblical world that also appears in the New Testament (Jn 21.15–17; Eph 4.11 , “pastors”). At 1 Pet 5.1–4 elders are exhorted to “tend the flock of God.” With his own blood (note c), understanding Jesus as a representative of God. Elsewhere in Luke‐Acts, emphasis is placed on the resurrection, not the vicarious death of Christ.

29–30 :

Mt 7.15; Mk 13.22 ; the Pastoral epistles.

34 :

18.3; 1 Cor 9.1–18 .

35 :

A saying of Jesus not found in the Gospels.

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