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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 10

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1A wise ruler instructs his people and gives them sound and orderly government. 2Like ruler, like ministers; like sovereign, like subjects; 3a king lacking instruction is his people's ruin, but sound judgement in a prince upholds a city.

4 THE government of the world is in the hand of the Lord; at the right time he will find the right man to rule it. 5In the Lord's hand is all human success; it is he who confers honour on the legislator.

6Do not be angry with your neighbour for every offence, and do not resort to acts of insolence. 7Arrogance is hateful in the sight of God and man, and injustice is offensive to both. 8Because of injustice, insolence, and greed, empire passes from nation to nation. 9What has a mortal to be so proud of? He is only dust and ashes, subject even in life to bodily decay a 10:9 even … decay: prob. mng, based on Heb.; Gk obscure. . 10A long illness mocks the doctor's skill; today's king is tomorrow's corpse. 11When anyone dies, he comes into an inheritance of maggots and vermin and worms. 12The beginning of pride is to forsake the Lord, when the human heart revolts against its Maker; 13as its beginning is sin, so persistence in it brings on a deluge of depravity. Therefore the Lord inflicts signal punishments on the proud and brings them to utter disaster.

14The Lord overturns the thrones of princes and installs the meek in their place. 15The Lord uproots nations and plants the humble in their place. 16The Lord lays waste the territory of nations, destroying them to the very foundations of the earth; 17some he shrivels away to nothing, so that all memory of them vanishes from the earth. 18Pride was not the Creator's design for man nor violent anger for those born of woman.

19What creature is worthy of honour? Man. What men? Those who fear the Lord. What creature is worthy of contempt? Man. What men? Those who break the commandments. 20The members of the family honour their head; the Lord honours those who fear him b 10:20 fear him: some witnesses add 21Fear the Lord, and you will be accepted; be obstinate and proud, and you will be rejected. . 22The convert c 10:22 convert: so Heb.; Gk rich. , the stranger, and the poor— their pride is in the fear of the Lord. 23It is not right to despise a poor man whose judgement is sound, and it is wrong to honour a rich d 10:23 rich: so Syriac; Gk omits. man who is a sinner. 24The mighty, the judge, and the prince win high renown, but none is as great as he who fears the Lord. 25When a wise servant is waited on by free men, the sensible person will not protest.

26 DO NOT be too clever to do a day's work or give yourself airs when you have nothing to live on. 27It is better to work and have more than enough than to be full of conceit on an empty stomach. 28My son, be modest, but keep your self-respect and value yourself at your true worth. 29Who will speak up for anyone who is his own enemy, or respect someone who disparages himself? 30The poor may be honoured for good sense, the rich for wealth. 31If someone is honoured in poverty, how much more in wealth! If he is dishonoured in wealth, how much more in poverty!

Notes:

a 10:9 even … decay: prob. mng, based on Heb.; Gk obscure.

b 10:20 fear him: some witnesses add 21Fear the Lord, and you will be accepted; be obstinate and proud, and you will be rejected.

c 10:22 convert: so Heb.; Gk rich.

d 10:23 rich: so Syriac; Gk omits.

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