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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 16

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1The Pharisees and Sadducees came, and to test him they asked him to show them a sign from heaven. 2He answered a 16:2 He answered: some witnesses here insert ‘In the evening you say, “It will be fine weather, for the sky is red”; 3and in the morning you say, “It will be stormy today; the sky is red and lowering.” You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky; can you not interpret the signs of the times?’ : 4‘It is a wicked, godless generation that asks for a sign; and the only sign that will be given it is the sign of Jonah.’ With that he left them and went away.

5In crossing to the other side the disciples had forgotten to take any bread. 6So when Jesus said to them, ‘Take care; be on your guard against the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees,’ 7they began to say to one another, ‘We have brought no bread!’ 8Knowing what they were discussing, Jesus said, ‘Why are you talking about having no bread? Where is your faith? 9Do you still not understand? Have you forgotten the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many basketfuls you picked up? 10Or the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many basketfuls you picked up? 11How can you fail to see that I was not talking about bread? Be on your guard, I said, against the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.’ 12Then they understood: they were to be on their guard, not against baker's leaven, but against the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

13 WHEN he came to the territory of Caesarea Philippi, Jesus asked his disciples, ‘Who do people say that the Son of Man is?’ 14They answered, ‘Some say John the Baptist, others Elijah, others Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.’ 15‘And you,’ he asked, ‘who do you say I am?’ 16Simon Peter answered: ‘You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.’ 17Then Jesus said: ‘Simon son of Jonah, you are favoured indeed! You did not learn that from any human being; it was revealed to you by my heavenly Father. 18And I say to you: you are Peter, the Rock; and on this rock I will build my church, and the powers of death b 16:18 powers of death: lit. gates of Hades. shall never conquer it. 19I will give you the keys of the kingdom of Heaven; what you forbid on earth shall be forbidden in heaven, and what you allow on earth shall be allowed in heaven.’ 20He then gave his disciples strict orders not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.

21From that time Jesus began to make it clear to his disciples that he had to go to Jerusalem, and endure great suffering at the hands of the elders, chief priests, and scribes; to be put to death, and to be raised again on the third day. 22At this Peter took hold of him and began to rebuke him: ‘Heaven forbid!’ he said. ‘No, Lord, this shall never happen to you.’ 23Then Jesus turned and said to Peter, ‘Out of my sight, Satan; you are a stumbling block to me. You think as men think, not as God thinks.’

24Jesus then said to his disciples, ‘Anyone who wishes to be a follower of mine must renounce self; he must take up his cross and follow me. 2526Whoever wants to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will find it. What will anyone gain by winning the whole world at the cost of his life? Or what can he give to buy his life back? 27For the Son of Man is to come in the glory of his Father with his angels, and then he will give everyone his due reward. 28Truly I tell you: there are some of those standing here who will not taste death before they have seen the Son of Man coming in his kingdom.’

Notes:

a 16:2 He answered: some witnesses here insert ‘In the evening you say, “It will be fine weather, for the sky is red”; 3and in the morning you say, “It will be stormy today; the sky is red and lowering.” You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky; can you not interpret the signs of the times?’

b 16:18 powers of death: lit. gates of Hades.

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