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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 27

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1 WHEN morning came, the chief priests and the elders of the nation all met together to plan the death of Jesus. 2They bound him and led him away, to hand him over to Pilate, the Roman governor.

3When Judas the traitor saw that Jesus had been condemned, he was seized with remorse, and returned the thirty silver pieces to the chief priests and elders. 4‘I have sinned,’ he said; ‘I have brought an innocent man to his death.’ But they said, ‘What is that to us? It is your concern.’ 5So he threw the money down in the temple and left; he went away and hanged himself.

6The chief priests took up the money, but they said, ‘This cannot be put into the temple fund; it is blood-money.’ 7So after conferring they used it to buy the Potter's Field, as a burial-place for foreigners. 8This explains the name Blood Acre, by which that field has been known ever since; 9and in this way fulfilment was given to the saying of the prophet Jeremiah: ‘They took a 27:9 They took: or I took. the thirty silver pieces, the price set on a man's head (for that was his price among the Israelites), 10and gave the money for the potter's field, as the Lord directed me.’

11Jesus was now brought before the governor; ‘Are you the king of the Jews?’ the governor asked him. ‘The words are yours b 27:11 The words are yours: or It is as you say. ,’ said Jesus; 12and when the chief priests and elders brought charges against him he made no reply. 13Then Pilate said to him, ‘Do you not hear all this evidence they are bringing against you?’ 14but to the governor's great astonishment he refused to answer a single word.

15At the festival season it was customary for the governor to release one prisoner chosen by the people. 16There was then in custody a man of some notoriety, called Jesus Barabbas c 27:16,17 Jesus Barabbas: many witnesses omit Jesus in both verses. . 17When the people assembled Pilate said to them, ‘Which would you like me to release to you—Jesus Barabbas, or Jesus called Messiah?’ 18For he knew it was out of malice that Jesus had been handed over to him.

19While Pilate was sitting in court a message came to him from his wife: ‘Have nothing to do with that innocent man; I was much troubled on his account in my dreams last night.’

20Meanwhile the chief priests and elders had persuaded the crowd to ask for the release of Barabbas and to have Jesus put to death. 21So when the governor asked, ‘Which of the two would you like me to release to you?’ they said, ‘Barabbas.’ 22‘Then what am I to do with Jesus called Messiah?’ asked Pilate; and with one voice they answered, ‘Crucify him!’ 23‘Why, what harm has he done?’ asked Pilate; but they shouted all the louder, ‘Crucify him!’

24When Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere, and that there was danger of a riot, he took water and washed his hands in full view of the crowd. ‘My hands are clean of this man's blood,’ he declared. ‘See to that yourselves.’ 25With one voice the people cried, ‘His blood be on us and on our children.’ 26He then released Barabbas to them; but he had Jesus flogged, and then handed him over to be crucified.

27 THEN the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into his residence, the Praetorium, where they collected the whole company round him. 28They stripped him and dressed him in a scarlet cloak; 29and plaiting a crown of thorns they placed it on his head, and a stick in his right hand. Falling on their knees before him they jeered at him: ‘Hail, king of the Jews!’ 30They spat on him, and used the stick to beat him about the head. 31When they had finished mocking him, they stripped off the cloak and dressed him in his own clothes.

Then they led him away to be crucified. 32On their way out they met a man from Cyrene, Simon by name, and pressed him into service to carry his cross.

33Coming to a place called Golgotha (which means ‘Place of a Skull’), 34they offered him a drink of wine mixed with gall; but after tasting it he would not drink.

35When they had crucified him they shared out his clothes by casting lots, 36and then sat down there to keep watch, 37Above his head was placed the inscription giving the charge against him: ‘This is Jesus, the king of the Jews.’ 38Two bandits were crucified with him, one on his right and the other on his left.

39The passers-by wagged their heads and jeered at him, 40crying, ‘So you are the man who was to pull down the temple and rebuild it in three days! If you really are the Son of God, save yourself and come down from the cross.’ 41The chief priests with the scribes and elders joined in the mockery: 42‘He saved others,’ they said, ‘but he cannot save himself. King of Israel, indeed! Let him come down now from the cross, and then we shall believe him. 43He trusted in God, did he? Let God rescue him, if he wants him — for he said he was God's Son.’ 44Even the bandits who were crucified with him taunted him in the same way.

45From midday a darkness fell over the whole land, which lasted until three in the afternoon; 46and about three Jesus cried aloud, ‘Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?’ which means, ‘My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?’ 47Hearing this, some of the bystanders said, ‘He is calling Elijah.’ 48One of them ran at once and fetched a sponge, which he soaked in sour wine and held to his lips on the end of a stick. 49But the others said, ‘Let us see if Elijah will come to save him.’

50Jesus again cried aloud and breathed his last. 51At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook, rocks split, 52and graves opened; many of God's saints were raised from sleep, 53and coming out of their graves after his resurrection entered the Holy City, where many saw them. 54And when the centurion and his men who were keeping watch over Jesus saw the earthquake and all that was happening, they were filled with awe and said, ‘This must have been a son of God d 27:54 a son of God: or the Son of God. .’

55A NUMBER of women were also present, watching from a distance; they had followed Jesus from Galilee and looked after him. 56Among them were Mary of Magdala, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.

57When evening fell, a wealthy man from Arimathaea, Joseph by name, who had himself become a disciple of Jesus, 58approached Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus; and Pilate gave orders that he should have it. 59Joseph took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen sheet, 60and laid it in his own unused tomb, which he had cut out of the rock. He then rolled a large stone against the entrance, and went away. 61Mary of Magdala was there, and the other Mary, sitting opposite the grave.

62Next day, the morning after the day of preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees came in a body to Pilate. 63‘Your excellency,’ they said, ‘we recall how that impostor said while he was still alive, “I am to be raised again after three days.” 64We request you to give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day. Otherwise his disciples may come and steal the body, and then tell the people that he has been raised from the dead; and the final deception will be worse than the first.’ 65‘You may have a guard,’ said Pilate; ‘go and make the grave as secure as you can.’ 66So they went and made it secure by sealing the stone and setting a guard.

Notes:

a 27:9 They took: or I took.

b 27:11 The words are yours: or It is as you say.

c 27:16,17 Jesus Barabbas: many witnesses omit Jesus in both verses.

d 27:54 a son of God: or the Son of God.

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