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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 12

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1He went on to speak to them in parables: ‘A man planted a vineyard and put a wall round it, hewed out a winepress, and built a watch-tower; then he let it out to vine- growers and went abroad. 2When the season came, he sent a servant to the tenants to collect from them his share of the produce. 3But they seized him, thrashed him, and sent him away empty-handed. 4Again, he sent them another servant, whom they beat about the head and treated outrageously, 5and then another, whom they killed. He sent many others and they thrashed some and killed the rest. 6He had now no one left to send except his beloved son a 12:6 his beloved son: or his only son. , and in the end he sent him. “They will respect my son,” he said; 7but the tenants said to one another, “This is the heir; come on, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.” 8So they seized him and killed him, and flung his body out of the vineyard. 9What will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and put the tenants to death and give the vineyard to others.

10‘Have you never read this text: “The stone which the builders rejected has become the main corner- stone. 11This is the Lord's doing, and it is wonderful in our eyes”?’

12They saw that the parable was aimed at them and wanted to arrest him; but they were afraid of the people, so they left him alone and went away.

13A NUMBER of Pharisees and men of Herod's party were sent to trap him with a question. 14They came and said, ‘Teacher, we know you are a sincere man and court no one's favour, whoever he may be; you teach in all sincerity the way of life that God requires. Are we or are we not permitted to pay taxes to the Roman emperor? 15Shall we pay or not?’ He saw through their duplicity, and said, ‘Why are you trying to catch me out? Fetch me a silver piece, and let me look at it.’ 16They brought one, and he asked them, ‘Whose head is this, and whose inscription?’ ‘Caesar's,’ they replied. 17Then Jesus said, ‘Pay Caesar what belongs to Caesar, and God what belongs to God.’ His reply left them completely taken aback.

18Next Sadducees, who maintain that there is no resurrection, came to him and asked: 19‘Teacher, Moses laid it down for us that if there are brothers, and one dies leaving a wife but no child, then the next should marry the widow and provide an heir for his brother. 20Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife and died without issue. 21Then the second married her, and he too died without issue; so did the third; 22none of the seven left any issue. Finally the woman died. 23At the resurrection, when they rise from the dead, whose wife will she be, since all seven had married her?’ 24Jesus said to them, ‘How far you are from the truth! You know neither the scriptures nor the power of God. 25When they rise from the dead, men and women do not marry; they are like angels in heaven.

26‘As for the resurrection of the dead, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the story of the burning bush, how God spoke to him and said, “I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, the God of Jacob”? 27He is not God of the dead but of the living. You are very far from the truth.’

28Then one of the scribes, who had been listening to these discussions and had observed how well Jesus answered, came forward and asked him, ‘Which is the first of all the commandments?’ 29He answered, ‘The first is, “Hear, O Israel: the Lord our God is the one Lord, 30and you must love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.” 31The second is this: “You must love your neighbour as yourself.” No other commandment is greater than these.’ 32The scribe said to him, ‘Well said, Teacher. You are right in saying that God is one and beside him there is no other. 33And to love him with all your heart, all your understanding, and all your strength, and to love your neighbour as yourself—that means far more than any whole-offerings and sacrifices.’ 34When Jesus saw how thoughtfully he answered, he said to him, ‘You are not far from the kingdom of God.’ After that nobody dared put any more questions to him.

35As he taught in the temple, Jesus went on to say, ‘How can the scribes maintain that the Messiah is a son of David? 36It was David himself who said, when inspired by the Holy Spirit, “The Lord said to my Lord, ‘Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.’” 37David himself calls him “Lord”; how can he be David's son?’

There was a large crowd listening eagerly. 38As he taught them, he said, ‘Beware of the scribes, who love to walk up and down in long robes and be greeted respectfully in the street, 39to have the chief seats in synagogues and places of honour at feasts. 40Those who eat up the property of widows, while for appearance’ sake they say long prayers, will receive a sentence all the more severe.’

41As he was sitting opposite the temple treasury, he watched the people dropping their money into the chest. Many rich people were putting in large amounts. 42Presently there came a poor widow who dropped in two tiny coins, together worth a penny. 43He called his disciples to him and said, ‘Truly I tell you: this poor widow has given more than all those giving to the treasury; 44for the others who have given had more than enough, but she, with less than enough, has given all that she had to live on.’


a 12:6 his beloved son: or his only son.

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