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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 7

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1By the time he had finished, Solomon had been engaged on building for thirteen years. 2He built the House of the Forest of Lebanon, a hundred cubits long, fifty broad, and thirty high, constructed of four rows of cedar columns, on top of which were laid lengths of cedar. 3It had a cedar roof, extending over the beams, which rested on the columns, fifteen in each row; and the number of the beams was forty-five. 4There were three rows of window-frames, and the windows corresponded to each other at three levels. 5All the doorways and the windows a 7:5 windows: so Gk; Heb. doorposts. had square frames, and window corresponded to window at three levels.

6Solomon made also the portico, fifty cubits long and thirty broad b 7:6 fifty … broad: prob. rdg; Heb. adds and a colonnade and pillars in front of them. , with a cornice above.

7He built the Portico of Judgement, the portico containing the throne where he was to give judgement; this was panelled in cedar from floor to rafters c 7:7 rafters: so Lat.; Heb. floor. .

8His own house where he was to reside, in another courtyard set back from the portico, and the house he made for Pharaoh's daughter whom he had married, were constructed like this portico.

9All these were made of costly blocks of stone, hewn to measure and trimmed with the saw on the inner and outer sides, from foundation to coping and from the court of the house d 7:9 from the … house: prob. rdg, cp. verse 12; Heb. from outside. as far as the great court. 10At the base were costly stones, huge blocks, some ten and some eight cubits in size, 11and above were costly stones dressed to measure, and cedar. 12The great court had three courses of dressed stone all around and a course of lengths of cedar; so had the inner court of the house of the LORD, and so had the vestibule of the house.

13King Solomon fetched from Tyre Hiram, 14the son of a widow of the tribe of Naphtali. His father, a native of Tyre, had been a worker in bronze, and he himself was a man of great skill and ingenuity, versed in every kind of craftsmanship in bronze. After he came to King Solomon, Hiram carried out all his works.

15 e 7:15–21 Cp. 2 Chr. 3:15–17 . He cast in a mould the two bronze pillars. One stood eighteen cubits high and it took a cord of twelve cubits long to go round it; it was hollow, and the metal was four fingers thick f 7:15 it was … thick: prob. rdg, cp. Jer. 52:21 ; Heb. omits. . The second pillar was the same g the same: so Gk; Heb. omits. . 16He made two capitals of solid bronze to set on the tops of the pillars, each capital five cubits high. 17He made two h 7:17 He made two: so Gk; Heb. omits. bands of ornamental network, in festoons of chain-work, for the capitals on the tops of the pillars, a band of network i a band of network: so Gk; Heb. seven. for each capital. 18He made pomegranates j 7:18 pomegranates: so some MSS; others pillars. in two rows all round on top of the ornamental network of the one pillar k one pillar: so Gk; Heb. adds to cover the capitals on the top of the pomegranates. ; he did the same with the other capital. 19The capitals at the tops of the pillars in the vestibule were shaped like lilies and were four cubits high. 20On the capitals at the tops of the two pillars, immediately above the cushion, extending beyond the network upwards, were two hundred pomegranates in rows all round on the two capitals l 7:20 the two capitals: prob. rdg; Heb. the second capital. . 21Then he erected the pillars at the vestibule of the sanctuary. When he had erected the pillar on the right side, he named it Jachin m 7:21 Jachin: that is He shall establish. ; and when he had erected the one on the left side, he named it Boaz n Boaz: that is In him is strength. . 22On the tops of the pillars was lily-work. Thus the work of the pillars was finished.

23 o 7:23–26 Cp. 2 Chr. 4:2–5 . He made the Sea of cast metal; it was round in shape, the diameter from rim to rim being ten cubits; it stood five cubits high, and it took a line thirty cubits long to go round it. 24All round the Sea on the outside under its rim, completely surrounding the thirty p 7:24 thirty: prob. rdg; Heb. ten. cubits of its circumference, were two rows of gourds, cast in one piece with the Sea itself. 25It was mounted on twelve oxen, three facing north, three west, three south, and three east, their hindquarters turned inwards; the Sea rested on top of them. 26Its thickness was a hand's breadth; its rim was made like that of a cup, shaped like the calyx of a lily; it held two thousand bath.

27Hiram also made the ten trolleys of bronze; each trolley was four cubits long, four wide, and three high. 28This was the construction of the trolleys: they had panels set in frames; 29on these panels were portrayed lions, oxen, and cherubim, and the same on the frames; above and below the lions, oxen, and cherubim were fillets q 7:29 and cherubim were fillets: prob. rdg; Heb. omits and cherubim. of hammered work of spiral design. 30Each trolley had four bronze wheels with bronze axles; it also had four flanges and handles beneath the laver, and these handles were of cast metal with a spiral design on their sides. 31The opening for the basin was set within a crown which projected one cubit; the opening was round with a level edge r 7:31 level edge: prob. rdg; Heb. adds one and a half cubits (cp. verse 32). , and it had decorations in relief. The panels of the trolleys were square, not round. 32The four wheels were beneath the panels, and the wheel-forks were made in one piece with the trolleys; the height of each wheel was one and a half cubits. 33The wheels were constructed like those of a chariot, their axles, hubs, spokes, and felloes being all of cast metal. 34The four handles were at the four corners of each trolley, of one piece with the trolley. 35At the top of the trolley there was a circular band half a cubit high; the struts and panels on s 7:35 on: prob. rdg; Heb. adds the head of. the trolley were of one piece with it. 36On the plates, that is on the panels t 7:36 the panels: prob. rdg; Heb. adds its struts. , he carved cherubim, lions, and palm trees, wherever there was a blank space, with spiral work all round it. 37This is how the ten trolleys were made; all of them were cast alike, having the same size and the same shape.

38Hiram then made ten bronze basins, each holding forty bath and measuring four cubits; there was a basin for each of the ten trolleys. 39He put five trolleys on the right side of the house and five on the left side; and he placed the Sea in the south-east corner of it.

40 u 7:40–51 Cp. 2 Chr. 4:11–5:1 . Hiram made the pots v 7:40 pots: so many MSS; others basins. , the shovels, and the tossing-bowls. With them he finished all the work which he had undertaken for King Solomon in the house of the LORD: 41the two pillars; the two bowl-shaped capitals on the tops of the pillars; the two ornamental networks to cover the two bowl-shaped capitals on the tops of the pillars; 42the four hundred pomegranates for the two networks, two rows of pomegranates for each network, to cover the bowl-shaped capitals on the two w 7:42 on the two: so Gk; Heb. on the surface of. pillars; 43the ten trolleys and the ten basins on the trolleys; 44the one Sea and the twelve oxen which supported it; 45the pots, the shovels, and the tossing-bowls—all these objects in the house of the LORD which Hiram made for King Solomon being of burnished bronze. 46The king cast them in the foundry between Succoth and Zarethan in the plain of the Jordan.

47Solomon put all these objects in their places; so great was the quantity of bronze used in their making that the weight of it was beyond all reckoning. 48He made also all the furnishings for the house of the LORD: the golden altar and the golden table upon which was set the Bread of the Presence; 49the lampstands of red gold, five on the right side and five on the left side of the inner shrine; the flowers, lamps, and tongs of gold; 50the cups, snuffers, tossing-bowls, saucers, and firepans of red gold; and the panels for the doors of the inner sanctuary, the Most Holy Place, and for the doors of the house x 7:50 the house: prob. rdg; Heb. adds for the temple. , of gold.

51When all the work which King Solomon did for the house of the LORD was completed, he brought in the sacred treasures of his father David, the silver, the gold, and the vessels, and deposited them in the treasuries of the house of the LORD.

Notes:

a 7:5 windows: so Gk; Heb. doorposts.

b 7:6 fifty … broad: prob. rdg; Heb. adds and a colonnade and pillars in front of them.

c 7:7 rafters: so Lat.; Heb. floor.

d 7:9 from the … house: prob. rdg, cp. verse 12; Heb. from outside.

e 7:15–21 Cp. 2 Chr. 3:15–17 .

f 7:15 it was … thick: prob. rdg, cp. Jer. 52:21 ; Heb. omits.

g the same: so Gk; Heb. omits.

h 7:17 He made two: so Gk; Heb. omits.

i a band of network: so Gk; Heb. seven.

j 7:18 pomegranates: so some MSS; others pillars.

k one pillar: so Gk; Heb. adds to cover the capitals on the top of the pomegranates.

l 7:20 the two capitals: prob. rdg; Heb. the second capital.

m 7:21 Jachin: that is He shall establish.

n Boaz: that is In him is strength.

o 7:23–26 Cp. 2 Chr. 4:2–5 .

p 7:24 thirty: prob. rdg; Heb. ten.

q 7:29 and cherubim were fillets: prob. rdg; Heb. omits and cherubim.

r 7:31 level edge: prob. rdg; Heb. adds one and a half cubits (cp. verse 32).

s 7:35 on: prob. rdg; Heb. adds the head of.

t 7:36 the panels: prob. rdg; Heb. adds its struts.

u 7:40–51 Cp. 2 Chr. 4:11–5:1 .

v 7:40 pots: so many MSS; others basins.

w 7:42 on the two: so Gk; Heb. on the surface of.

x 7:50 the house: prob. rdg; Heb. adds for the temple.

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