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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 48

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1‘These are the names of the tribes: In the extreme north, in the direction of Hethlon, to Lebo-hamath and Hazar-enan, with Damascus on the northern frontier in the direction of Hamath, and so from the eastern boundary to the western a 48:1 from … western: so Gk; Heb. the eastern corner is the sea. , will be Dan: one portion.

2‘Bordering on Dan, from the eastern boundary to the western, will be Asher: one portion.

3‘Bordering on Asher, from the eastern boundary to the western, will be Naphtali: one portion.

4‘Bordering on Naphtali, from the eastern boundary to the western, will be Manasseh: one portion.

5‘Bordering on Manasseh, from the eastern boundary to the western, will be Ephraim: one portion.

6‘Bordering on Ephraim, from the eastern boundary to the western, will be Reuben: one portion.

7‘Bordering on Reuben, from the eastern boundary to the western, will be Judah: one portion.

8‘Bordering on Judah, from the eastern boundary to the western, will be the sacred reserve which you must set apart. Its breadth will be twenty-five thousand cubits and its length the same as that of the tribal portions, from the eastern boundary to the western, and the sanctuary is to be in the centre of it.

9‘The reserve which you must set apart for the LORD is to measure twenty-five thousand cubits by twenty thousand b 48:9 twenty thousand: prob. rdg; Heb. ten thousand. . 10The reserve is to be apportioned thus: the priests will have an area measuring twenty-five thousand cubits on the north side, ten thousand on the west, ten thousand on the east, and twenty-five thousand in length on the south side; the sanctuary of the LORD is to be in the centre of it. 11It is to be for the consecrated priests of the family of Zadok, who kept my charge and did not follow the Israelites when they went astray, as the Levites did. 12The area set apart for the priests from the reserved territory will be most sacred, adjoining the territory of the Levites.

13‘The Levites are to have a portion running parallel to the border of the priests. It is to be twenty-five thousand cubits long by ten thousand wide; altogether, the length is to be twenty-five thousand cubits and the breadth ten thousand.

14‘They must neither sell nor exchange any part of it; it is the best of the land and must not be alienated, for it is holy to the LORD.

15‘The remaining strip, five thousand cubits in width by twenty-five thousand, is the city's secular land for dwellings and common land. The city will be in the middle, 16and these are to be its dimensions: on the northern side four thousand five hundred cubits, on the southern side four thousand five hundred cubits, on the eastern side four thousand five hundred cubits, on the western side four thousand five hundred cubits. 17The common land belonging to the city is to be two hundred and fifty cubits to the north, two hundred and fifty to the south, two hundred and fifty to the east, and two hundred and fifty to the west. 18What is left parallel to the reserve, ten thousand cubits to the east and ten thousand to the west c 48:18 to the west: prob. rdg; Heb. adds and it will be parallel to the sacred reserve. , will provide food for those who work in the city. 19Those who work in the city are to cultivate it; they may be drawn from any of the tribes of Israel. 20You are to set apart as sacred the whole reserve, twenty-five thousand cubits square, as far as the holding of the city.

21‘What is left over on either side of the sacred reserve and the city holding is to be assigned to the ruler. Eastwards, what lies over against the reserved twenty-five thousand cubits, as far as the eastern side, and westwards, what lies over against the twenty-five thousand cubits to the western side, parallel to the tribal portions, is to be assigned to the ruler; the sacred reserve and the sanctuary itself will be in the centre. 22The holding of the Levites and the holding of the city will be in the middle of that which is assigned to the ruler; it will be between the frontiers of Judah and Benjamin.

23‘The rest of the tribes: from the eastern boundary to the western will be Benjamin: one portion.

24‘Bordering on Benjamin, from the eastern boundary to the western, will be Simeon: one portion.

25‘Bordering on Simeon, from the eastern boundary to the western, will be Issachar: one portion.

26‘Bordering on Issachar, from the eastern boundary to the western, will be Zebulun: one portion.

27‘Bordering on Zebulun, from the eastern boundary to the western, will be Gad: one portion.

28‘Bordering on Gad, on the side of the Negeb, the frontier on the south stretches from Tamar to the waters of Meribah-by-Kadesh, to the wadi of Egypt as far as the Great Sea.

29‘That is the land which you are to allot as a holding to the tribes of Israel, and those will be their allotted portions. This is the word of the Lord GOD.

3031‘These are to be the ways out of the city, the gates being named after the tribes of Israel. The northern side, four thousand five hundred cubits long, is to have three gates, those of Reuben, Judah, and Levi; 32the eastern side, four thousand five hundred cubits long, three gates, those of Joseph, Benjamin, and Dan; 33the southern side, four thousand five hundred cubits long, three gates, those of Simeon, Issachar, and Zebulun; 34the western side, four thousand five hundred cubits long, three gates, those of Gad, Asher, and Naphtali. 35The perimeter of the city will be eighteen thousand cubits, and for all time to come the city's name will be “The LORD is there”.’

Notes:

a 48:1 from … western: so Gk; Heb. the eastern corner is the sea.

b 48:9 twenty thousand: prob. rdg; Heb. ten thousand.

c 48:18 to the west: prob. rdg; Heb. adds and it will be parallel to the sacred reserve.

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