Miscellaneous Addition of Verses
The study (subsequently no more than the recitation) of passages from talmudic literature, to which was appended a special doxology titled “kaddish,” inevitably provided an opportunity of citing verses that stressed the importance of Torah and the eternal bliss its study was said to guarantee. Among suchtexts were Deut. 33.4, Isa. 42.21, 60.21, and Ps. 29.11 . When the custom arose of inserting supplicatory prayers after the recitation of the morning ʿAmidah, there were many verses, especially from Psalms, that were regarded as suitable for such a context, and both Ps. 6 and the Thirteen Divine Attributes (Exod. 34.6–7 ) were pressed into service. At night‐ fall, God's protection was invoked by the recitation of such verses as Pss. 20.10; 46.8; 78.38; and 84.13 . Verses from Exod. ch 15 (e.g., 11 and 18 ) were obviously appropriate for the theme of the redemption from Egypt. The domestic rituals that preceded the Sabbath meals and marked its conclusion (kiddush and havdalah), though they began as purely popular rabbinic customs, fairly distinct from anything in the Bible, eventually attracted to themselves the addition of verses regarded as relevant to the topic or to the atmosphere.