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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 10

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1Ha! Those who write out evil writs And compose iniquitous documents, 2To subvert the cause of the poor, To rob of their rights the needy of My people; That widows may be their spoil, And fatherless children their booty! 3What will you do on the day of punishment, When the calamity comes from afar? To whom will you flee for help, And how will you save your carcasses a Meaning of Heb. uncertain; for “carcasses,” compare the rendering of kabod in v. 16; 22.18 . 4From collapsing under [fellow] prisoners, From falling beneath the slain?

Yet His anger has not turned back, And his arm is outstretched still.

5Ha! Assyria, rod of My anger, b‐ Emendation yields “Who is a staff in the hand of my fury.” In whose hand, as a staff, is My fury! ‐b Emendation yields “Who is a staff in the hand of my fury.” 6I send him against an ungodly nation, I charge him against a people that provokes Me, To take its spoil and to seize its booty And to make it a thing trampled Like the mire of the streets. 7But he has evil plans, His mind harbors evil designs; For he means to destroy, To wipe out nations, not a few. 8For he thinks, “After all, c‐ Emendation yields “all the kingdoms fared alike!” I have kings as my captains! ‐c Emendation yields “all the kingdoms fared alike!” 9Was Calno any different from Carchemish? Or Hamath from Arpad? Or Samaria from Damascus? 10 d‐ Emendation yields “Since I was able to seize / those kingdoms and their images, / Why is Jerusalem better than Samaria?” Since I was able to seize The insignificant kingdoms, Whose images exceeded Jerusalem's and Samaria's, ‐d Emendation yields “Since I was able to seize / those kingdoms and their images, / Why is Jerusalem better than Samaria?” 11Shall I not do to Jerusalem and her images What I did to Samaria and her idols?”

12But when my Lord has carried out all his purpose on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, He a Heb. “I.” will punish the majestic pride and overbearing arrogance of the king of Assyria. 13 For he thought,

“By the might of my hand have I wrought it, By my skill, for I am clever: I have erased the borders of peoples; I have plundered their treasures, And exiled their vast populations. b According to vv. 6–7 , Assyria was to plunder, but not to exile. 14I was able to seize, like a nest, The wealth of peoples; As one gathers abandoned eggs, So I gathered all the earth: Nothing so much as flapped a wing Or opened a mouth to peep.”

15Does an ax boast over him who hews with it, Or a saw magnify itself above him who wields it? As though the rod raised him who lifts it, As though the staff lifted the man! c Lit. “not‐wood.”

16Assuredly, The Sovereign LORD of Hosts will send A wasting away in its d Presumably Israel's. These verses would read well after 9.16 . fatness; And under its body e Cf. note at v. 3 . shall burn A burning like that of fire, f‐ Brought up from v. 18 for clarity. Destroying frame and flesh. It shall be like a sick man who pines away. ‐f Brought up from v. 18 for clarity. 17The Light of Israel will be fire And its Holy One flame. It will burn and consume its thorns And its thistles in a single day, 18And the mass of its scrub and its farm land. 19What trees remain of its scrub Shall be so few that a boy may record them.

20And in that day, The remnant of Israel And the escaped of the House of Jacob Shall lean no more upon him that beats it, a I.e., upon Assyria (see v. 24 ). Ahaz's reliance on Assyria was interpreted by Isaiah as lack of faith in the Lord; see 7.13 with note. But shall lean sincerely On the LORD, the Holy One of Israel. 21Only a remnant shall return, Only a remnant of Jacob, To Mighty God. 22Even if your people, O Israel, Should be as the sands of the sea, Only a remnant of it shall return. Destruction is decreed; Retribution comes like a flood! 23For my Lord GOD of Hosts is carrying out A decree of destruction upon all the land.

24Assuredly, thus said my Lord God of Hosts: “O My people that dwells in Zion, have no fear of Assyria, who beats you with a rod and wields his staff over you as did the Egyptians. 25 For very soon My wrath will have spent itself, and b‐ Presumably Assyria; meaning of Heb. uncertain. Emendation yields “My anger against the world shall cease.” My anger that was bent on wasting them.” ‐b Presumably Assyria; meaning of Heb. uncertain. Emendation yields “My anger against the world shall cease.” 26 The LORD of Hosts will brandish a scourge over him as when He beat Midian at the Rock of Oreb, c See Judg. 7.25. and will wield His staff as He did over the Egyptians by the sea.

27And in that day, His burden shall drop from your back, d‐ Emendation yields “And his yoke shall leave your neck. / He came up from Jeshimon / 28By the ascent of Aiath, / He proceeded to Migron; / At Michmas he commanded his forces: / 29‘Make the crossing; / Geba is to be our night quarters!’ ” Jeshimon is the southeast corner of the Jordan Valley, Num. 21.20; 23.28 ; Aiath is elsewhere called Ai. And his yoke from your neck; The yoke shall be destroyed because of fatness.

28He advanced upon Aiath, He proceeded to Migron, At Michmas he deposited his baggage. 29They made the crossing; “Geba is to be our night quarters!” ‐d Emendation yields “And his yoke shall leave your neck. / He came up from Jeshimon / 28By the ascent of Aiath, / He proceeded to Migron; / At Michmas he commanded his forces: / 29‘Make the crossing; / Geba is to be our night quarters!’ ” Jeshimon is the southeast corner of the Jordan Valley, Num. 21.20; 23.28 ; Aiath is elsewhere called Ai. Ramah was alarmed; Gibeah of Saul took to flight. 30“Give a shrill cry, O Bath‐gallim! Hearken, Laishah! Take up the cry, Anathoth!” 31Madmenah ran away; The dwellers of Gebim sought refuge. 32This same day at Nob He shall stand and wave his hand. a I.e., the Assyrian king, arriving at Nob (close to Jerusalem), shall beckon his army onward; cf. 13.2 .

O mount of Fair Zion! O hill of Jerusalem! 33Lo! The Sovereign LORD of Hosts Will hew off the tree‐crowns with an ax: The tall ones shall be felled, The lofty ones cut down: 34The thickets of the forest shall be hacked away with iron, And the Lebanon trees shall fall b‐ Or “by the bronze,” connecting Heb. ’addir with Akkadian urudu, “bronze.” in their majesty. ‐b Or “by the bronze,” connecting Heb. ’addir with Akkadian urudu, “bronze.”

Notes:

a Meaning of Heb. uncertain; for “carcasses,” compare the rendering of kabod in v. 16; 22.18 .

b‐b Emendation yields “Who is a staff in the hand of my fury.”

c‐c Emendation yields “all the kingdoms fared alike!”

d‐d Emendation yields “Since I was able to seize / those kingdoms and their images, / Why is Jerusalem better than Samaria?”

a Heb. “I.”

b According to vv. 6–7 , Assyria was to plunder, but not to exile.

c Lit. “not‐wood.”

d Presumably Israel's. These verses would read well after 9.16 .

e Cf. note at v. 3 .

f‐f Brought up from v. 18 for clarity.

a I.e., upon Assyria (see v. 24 ). Ahaz's reliance on Assyria was interpreted by Isaiah as lack of faith in the Lord; see 7.13 with note.

b‐b Presumably Assyria; meaning of Heb. uncertain. Emendation yields “My anger against the world shall cease.”

c See Judg. 7.25.

d‐d Emendation yields “And his yoke shall leave your neck. / He came up from Jeshimon / 28By the ascent of Aiath, / He proceeded to Migron; / At Michmas he commanded his forces: / 29‘Make the crossing; / Geba is to be our night quarters!’ ” Jeshimon is the southeast corner of the Jordan Valley, Num. 21.20; 23.28 ; Aiath is elsewhere called Ai.

a I.e., the Assyrian king, arriving at Nob (close to Jerusalem), shall beckon his army onward; cf. 13.2 .

b‐b Or “by the bronze,” connecting Heb. ’addir with Akkadian urudu, “bronze.”

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