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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 51

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1Listen to Me, you who pursue justice, You who seek the LORD: Look to the rock you were hewn from, To the quarry you were dug from. 2Look back to Abraham your father And to Sarah who brought you forth. For he was only one when I called him, But I blessed him and made him many.

3Truly the LORD has comforted Zion, Comforted all her ruins; He has made her wilderness like Eden, Her desert like the Garden of the LORD. Gladness and joy shall abide there, Thanksgiving and the sound of music.

4Hearken to Me, a‐ Several mss. read “O peoples…O nations” cf. end of this verse and v. 5 . My people, ‐a Several mss. read “O peoples…O nations” cf. end of this verse and v. 5 . And give ear to Me, O a‐ Several mss. read “O peoples…O nations” cf. end of this verse and v. 5 . My nation, ‐a Several mss. read “O peoples…O nations” cf. end of this verse and v. 5 . For teaching shall go forth b I.e., through My servant Israel; cf. 42.1–4; 49.6 . from Me, My way for the light of peoples. In a moment I will bring it: 5The triumph I grant is near, The success I give has gone forth. My arms shall c‐ Lit. “judge.” provide for ‐c Lit. “judge.” the peoples; The coastlands shall trust in Me, They shall look to My arm.

6Raise your eyes to the heavens, And look upon the earth beneath: Though the heavens should melt away like smoke, And the earth wear out like a garment, And its inhabitants die out d‐ Emendation yields “like gnats.” as well, ‐d Emendation yields “like gnats.” My victory shall stand forever, My triumph shall remain unbroken.

7Listen to Me, you who care for the right, O people who lay My instruction to heart! Fear not the insults of men, And be not dismayed at their jeers; 8For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, The worm e Heb. sas, another word for “moth.” shall eat them up like wool. But My triumph shall endure forever, My salvation through all the ages. 9Awake, awake, clothe yourself with splendor. O arm of the LORD! Awake as in days of old, As in former ages! It was you that hacked Rahab a Names of primeval monsters. in pieces, That pierced the Dragon. a Names of primeval monsters. 10It was you that dried up the Sea, The waters of the great deep; That made the abysses of the Sea A road the redeemed might walk. 11So let the ransomed of the LORD return, And come with shouting to Zion, Crowned with joy everlasting. Let them attain joy and gladness, While sorrow and sighing flee.

12I, I am He who comforts you! What ails you that you fear Man who must die, Mortals who fare like grass? 13You have forgotten the LORD your Maker, Who stretched out the skies and made firm the earth! And you live all day in constant dread Because of the rage of an oppressor Who is aiming to cut [you] down. Yet of what account is the rage of an oppressor? 14 b Meaning of verse uncertain. Emendation yields (cf. Jer. 11.19; Job 14.7–9 ) “Quickly the tree buds anew; / It does not die though cut down, / And its sap does not fail.”c‐ Quickly the crouching one is freed; He is not cut down and slain, And he shall not want for food. 15For I the LORD your God— Who stir up the sea into roaring waves, Whose name is LORD of Hosts— 16 c‐ I.e., I have chosen you to be a prophet‐nation; cf. 49.2; 59.21 . Have put My words in your mouth And sheltered you with My hand; ‐c I.e., I have chosen you to be a prophet‐nation; cf. 49.2; 59.21 . I, who planted d Emendation yields “stretched out”; cf. Syriac version and v. 13. the skies and made firm the earth, Have said to Zion: You are My people! 17Rouse, rouse yourself! Arise, O Jerusalem, You who from the LORD's hand Have drunk the cup of His wrath, You who have drained to the dregs The bowl, the cup of reeling! 18She has none to guide her Of all the sons she bore; None takes her by the hand, Of all the sons she reared. a To guide a drunken parent home was a recognized filial duty in ancient Canaan and Egypt. 19These two things have befallen you: Wrack and ruin—who can console you? Famine and sword— b‐ Several ancient versions render “who can.” how shall I ‐b Several ancient versions render “who can.” comfort you? 20Your sons lie in a swoon At the corner of every street— Like an antelope caught in a net— Drunk with the wrath of the LORD, With the rebuke of your God. 21Therefore, Listen to this, unhappy one, Who are drunk, but not with wine! 22Thus said the LORD, your Lord, Your God who champions His people: Herewith I take from your hand The cup of reeling, c A figure of speech for a dire fate; cf. Jer. 25.15 ff. The bowl, the cup of My wrath; You shall never drink it again. 23I will put it in the hands of your tormentors, Who have commanded you, “Get down, that we may walk over you”— So that you made your back like the ground, Like a street for passersby.

Notes:

a‐a Several mss. read “O peoples…O nations” cf. end of this verse and v. 5 .

b I.e., through My servant Israel; cf. 42.1–4; 49.6 .

c‐c Lit. “judge.”

d‐d Emendation yields “like gnats.”

e Heb. sas, another word for “moth.”

a Names of primeval monsters.

b Meaning of verse uncertain. Emendation yields (cf. Jer. 11.19; Job 14.7–9 ) “Quickly the tree buds anew; / It does not die though cut down, / And its sap does not fail.”c‐

c I.e., I have chosen you to be a prophet‐nation; cf. 49.2; 59.21 .

d Emendation yields “stretched out”; cf. Syriac version and v. 13.

a To guide a drunken parent home was a recognized filial duty in ancient Canaan and Egypt.

b‐b Several ancient versions render “who can.”

c A figure of speech for a dire fate; cf. Jer. 25.15 ff.

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