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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter IX

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Text Commentary

1And Ham divided his land among his sons; and the first share fell to Cush – that is the eastern part, and to the west of him was Mizraim, and to the west of him Put, and to the west of him Canaan, and to the west of him the sea. 1 The translation of this verse is uncertain. Charles rendered ‘… Put, and to the west of him [and to the west thereof] on the sea for Canaan’, and understood the sense to be that Canaan's allotted share extended from Libya (= Put) to the Atlantic (cp. x. 28 ff.).

2And Shem also divided his land among his sons; and the first share fell to Elam and his sons – what lies east of the river Tigris till it reaches the east, the whole land of India, and the Red Sea coast 2 Lit. ‘and on the Red Sea on its coast’. , and the waters of Dedan, and all the mountains of Mebri and Ela 3 Alternative reading ‘Mazbara and Elam’. , and all the land of Susa, and all that is on the side of Pharnak 4 Alternative readings ‘Phernak’ and ‘Pherernak’. to the Red Sea and the river Tina. 3And the second share fell to Asshur – all the land of Asshur and Nineveh and Shinar as far as the border of India, and it goes up to the river Wadafa. 4And the third share fell to Arpachshad – all the land of the region of the Chaldees to the east of the Euphrates, that borders on the Red Sea, and all the waters of the desert close to the tongue of the sea that looks towards Egypt, all the land of Lebanon and Senir and Amana to the border of the Euphrates. 5And the fourth share fell to Aram – all the land of Mesopotamia between the Tigris and the Euphrates to the north of the Chaldees, to where it reaches the mountains of Asshur and the land of Ararat. 6And the fifth share fell to Lud – the mountains of Asshur and all that belongs to them till it reaches the great sea, and till it reaches the east of Asshur his brother.

7And Japheth also divided the land of his patrimony among his sons. 8And the first share fell to Gomer – what lies to the east, from the north side to the river Tina. And in the north there fell to Magog all the inner parts of the north, till it reaches the sea of Meat. 9And to Madai fell as his share to occupy what lies west 5 Lit. ‘from the west’. of his two brothers to the islands and the coasts of the islands. 10And the fourth share fell to Javan – all the islands 6 Lit. ‘every island and the islands’. towards the border of Lud. 11And the fifth share fell to Tubal – what lies in the middle of the tongue that runs towards the border of Lud's share, as far as the second tongue, as far as the region beyond the second tongue, as far as the third tongue. 12And the sixth share fell to Meshech – all the region beyond the third tongue till it reaches the east of Gadir. 13And the seventh share fell to Tiras – four great islands in the middle of the sea, which stretch as far as Ham's share. (And the islands of Kamaturi fell by lot to the sons of Arpachshad as part of his patrimony 7 Charles square-bracketed this sentence as an interpolation, on the grounds that the text is here dealing with the sons of Japheth, whereas Arpachshad was a son of Shem and has already been mentioned in verse 4 above. .)

14And so Noah's sons divided their lands among their sons in the presence of their father Noah; and he bound them all by an oath, putting a curse on anyone that tried to seize what 8 Lit. ‘the share which’. had not fallen to him by lot. 15And they all said, So be it, So be it, for themselves and their sons for ever, in every generation till the day of judgement, when the Lord God will judge them with sword and fire for all their uncleanness and the wickedness of their misdeeds, 9 Lit. ‘for all the unclean wickedness of their errors’. with which they have filled the earth – with transgression and uncleanness and fornication and sin.

Notes:

1 The translation of this verse is uncertain. Charles rendered ‘… Put, and to the west of him [and to the west thereof] on the sea for Canaan’, and understood the sense to be that Canaan's allotted share extended from Libya (= Put) to the Atlantic (cp. x. 28 ff.).

2 Lit. ‘and on the Red Sea on its coast’.

3 Alternative reading ‘Mazbara and Elam’.

4 Alternative readings ‘Phernak’ and ‘Pherernak’.

5 Lit. ‘from the west’.

6 Lit. ‘every island and the islands’.

7 Charles square-bracketed this sentence as an interpolation, on the grounds that the text is here dealing with the sons of Japheth, whereas Arpachshad was a son of Shem and has already been mentioned in verse 4 above.

8 Lit. ‘the share which’.

9 Lit. ‘for all the unclean wickedness of their errors’.

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