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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter XXI

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Text Commentary

1And I went round to a place 1 a place: GMQT1UD′ Gk.a1 a2 om. where there was nothing made. 2 i.e. a place of chaos. 2And I saw there a terrible thing 3 GT Gk.a1 a2 add ‘I saw’; Q adds ‘And I saw’. – neither the high heaven, 4 GMQUD′ Gk.a1 a2 ‘neither heaven above’. nor the firmly founded earth, 5 Gk.a1 adds ‘did I see’. but a desert place, prepared and terrible. 6 GMQT1U ‘but a prepared and terrible place’; D′ Gk.a1 a2 ‘but a chaotic and terrible place’. 3And there I saw seven stars of heaven bound on it together, 7 Gk.a1 a2 ‘bound and thrown down on it’. like great mountains, and burning like 8 GMQUD′ Gk.a1 a2 ‘with’. fire. 4Then I said, For what sin have they been bound, and why 9 Gk.a1 ‘For what reason … and why’; Gk.a2 ‘For what reason … and for what reason’. have they been thrown here? 5And 10 Gk.a1 ‘Then’. Uriel, one of the holy angels who was with me and led me, 11 and led me: so Eth., but all MSS except G om. ‘and’; Gk.a1 a2 ‘and was the leader of them’. spoke to me and said, 12 D′ Gk.a1 a2 add ‘to me’. Enoch, about whom do you ask? 6About whom do you inquire and ask 13 and ask: GMQD′ om. and care? 14 do you inquire … and care: Gk.a1 a2 ‘are you eager for the truth’. These are some of the stars 15 D′ Gk.a1 a2 add ‘of heaven’. which transgressed the command of the Lord Most High, 16 Most High: Eth.I Gk.a1 a2 om. and they have been bound here until ten thousand ages 17 D′ Gk.a1 a2 ‘years’. are completed, the number of the days of their sin. 18 D′ ‘the number of their sins’; Gk.a1 a2 ‘the time of their sins’. 7And from there I went to another place, more terrible than this, and I saw a terrible thing: there was a great fire there 19 there: D′ and some Eth.II MSS om. which burnt and blazed, and the place 20 So GMQT1UD′ Gk.a1 a2: T2 Eth.II ‘the boundary’. had a cleft reaching to the abyss, full of great pillars of fire 21 Gk.a1 a2 ‘of pillars of a great fire’. which were made to fall; neither its extent nor its size could I see, nor could I see its source. 22 nor could I see its scource: so T2 Eth.II; GQ corrupt; D′ Gk.a1 a2 ‘nor could I (Gk.a1 a2 om. ‘could I’) guess them’, and this text is supported by the otherwise impossible MT1U. 8Then I said, How terrible this place is, and how painful 23 G ‘horrible’; Gk.a1 a2 ‘fearful’. to look at! 9Then Uriel, 24 Uriel: Gk.a1 a2 om. one of the holy angels who was with me, answered me. He answered me 25 He answered me: QAKX Gk.a om. and said to me, Enoch, why do you have such fear and terror 26 Gk.a adds ‘And 〈I〉 answered’. because of this terrible place, and before this pain? 27 and before this pain: Gk.a ‘and because of the fearful spectacle’. 10And he said to me, 28 to me: Gk.a om. This place is the prison of the angels, and there 29 and there: D′ Gk.a ‘here’. they will be held for ever.

Notes:

1 a place: GMQT1UD′ Gk.a1 a2 om.

2 i.e. a place of chaos.

3 GT Gk.a1 a2 add ‘I saw’; Q adds ‘And I saw’.

4 GMQUD′ Gk.a1 a2 ‘neither heaven above’.

5 Gk.a1 adds ‘did I see’.

6 GMQT1U ‘but a prepared and terrible place’; D′ Gk.a1 a2 ‘but a chaotic and terrible place’.

7 Gk.a1 a2 ‘bound and thrown down on it’.

8 GMQUD′ Gk.a1 a2 ‘with’.

9 Gk.a1 ‘For what reason … and why’; Gk.a2 ‘For what reason … and for what reason’.

10 Gk.a1 ‘Then’.

11 and led me: so Eth., but all MSS except G om. ‘and’; Gk.a1 a2 ‘and was the leader of them’.

12 D′ Gk.a1 a2 add ‘to me’.

13 and ask: GMQD′ om.

14 do you inquire … and care: Gk.a1 a2 ‘are you eager for the truth’.

15 D′ Gk.a1 a2 add ‘of heaven’.

16 Most High: Eth.I Gk.a1 a2 om.

17 D′ Gk.a1 a2 ‘years’.

18 D′ ‘the number of their sins’; Gk.a1 a2 ‘the time of their sins’.

19 there: D′ and some Eth.II MSS om.

20 So GMQT1UD′ Gk.a1 a2: T2 Eth.II ‘the boundary’.

21 Gk.a1 a2 ‘of pillars of a great fire’.

22 nor could I see its scource: so T2 Eth.II; GQ corrupt; D′ Gk.a1 a2 ‘nor could I (Gk.a1 a2 om. ‘could I’) guess them’, and this text is supported by the otherwise impossible MT1U.

23 G ‘horrible’; Gk.a1 a2 ‘fearful’.

24 Uriel: Gk.a1 a2 om.

25 He answered me: QAKX Gk.a om.

26 Gk.a adds ‘And 〈I〉 answered’.

27 and before this pain: Gk.a ‘and because of the fearful spectacle’.

28 to me: Gk.a om.

29 and there: D′ Gk.a ‘here’.

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