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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter LXXVII

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Text Commentary

1They call the first quarter eastern, because it is the first; and they call the second the south, because there the Most High descends, 1 So Eth., but often thought to be corrupt for ‘dwell’ which Aram. now attests. and there especially 2 D′ ‘and especially because there’. the one who is blessed for ever descends. 2And the western quarter is called waning, because there all the lights of heaven wane and go down. 3And the fourth quarter, named the north, is divided into three parts. 3 Aram. has a much fuller text than Eth. in verses 2–3a. Apart from other differences Aram. explains the name of the northern quarter and provides a second explanation of the name of the eastern quarter. And the first of them is the dwelling-place for men; and the second contains seas of water, and the deeps, and forests, and rivers, and darkness and mist; and the third 4 GQTUD′ ‘second’. part contains the Garden of Righteousness. 4I saw seven high mountains which were higher than all the mountains which are on the earth, and from them snow comes. And days and times and years pass away and go by. 5 and go by: GMTUD′ om. 5I saw seven 6 Eth.I om. rivers on the earth larger than all the other rivers; one of them comes from the east and pours out its water into the Great Sea. 6And two of them come from the north to the sea and pour out their water into the Erythraean sea in the east. 7And the remaining four flow out on the side of the north to their sea, 〈 two to 〉 7 two to: required for the sense, although omitted by all MSS (D′ alone has ‘to’). the Erythraean sea, and two into the Great Sea, and 8 Eth.II om. they discharge themselves there, but some say: into the wilderness. 8And I saw seven large islands in the sea and on the land: two on the land, and five in the Great Sea. 9 two … Sea: some Eth.II MSS ‘two and five in the Great Sea’; M ‘two on the land and five in the Erythraean sea’; GQTUD′ ‘seven and two in the Erythraean sea’.

Notes:

1 So Eth., but often thought to be corrupt for ‘dwell’ which Aram. now attests.

2 D′ ‘and especially because there’.

3 Aram. has a much fuller text than Eth. in verses 2–3a. Apart from other differences Aram. explains the name of the northern quarter and provides a second explanation of the name of the eastern quarter.

4 GQTUD′ ‘second’.

5 and go by: GMTUD′ om.

6 Eth.I om.

7 two to: required for the sense, although omitted by all MSS (D′ alone has ‘to’).

8 Eth.II om.

9 two … Sea: some Eth.II MSS ‘two and five in the Great Sea’; M ‘two on the land and five in the Erythraean sea’; GQTUD′ ‘seven and two in the Erythraean sea’.

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