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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter LXXVIII

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Text Commentary

1The names of the sun are as follows: the first Oryares, and the second Tomases. 2The moon has four names: the first name is Asonya, and the second Ebla, and the third Banase, and the fourth Era'e. 3These are the two great lights; their disk is like the disk of heaven, and in size the two are equal. 1 U ‘and the size of the disk of both is equal’; GMQTD′ ‘and the size of the disk of both – like the disk of heaven – is equal’. 4In the disk of the sun are seven parts of light which are added to it more than to the moon, and in fixed measure light is transferred to the moon until a seventh part of the sun is exhausted. 5And they set, and go into the gates of the west, and go round through the north, and rise through the gates of the east on the face of heaven. 6And when the moon rises, it appears in heaven and has a half of a seventh part of light; and on the fourteenth day it makes all its light full. 2 GMQTD′ text uncertain, perhaps ‘it appears in heaven with a half of a seventh part; the light becomes whole in it; on the fourteenth day it makes its light full’; U corrupt. 7And fifteen parts of light are transferred to it, until on the fifteenth day its light is full, according to the sign of the year, and amounts to fifteen parts. And the moon comes into being by halves of a seventh part. 8And in its waning on the first day it decreases to fourteen parts of its light, and on the second to thirteen parts, and on the third to twelve parts, and on the fourth to eleven parts, and on the fifth to ten parts, and on the sixth to nine parts, and on the seventh to eight parts, and on the eighth to seven parts, and on the ninth to six parts, and on the tenth to five parts, and on the eleventh to four parts, and on the twelfth to three, and on the thirteenth to two, 3 GMQUD′D′a ‘to a half’. and on the fourteenth to half of a seventh part, and all the light that remains from the total disappears on the fifteenth day. 4 GMUD′ a (with some corruptions and variations) ‘and on the fourteenth to a half and a seventh part of all its light, and on the fifteenth day what remains from the total disappears’; QD′ ‘and on the fourteenth to a half, and with a seventh part all its light decreases, and on the fifteenth day what remains from the total disappears’; T partially corresponds to Eth.II and partially to GMUD′a. 9And in certain months the moon has twenty nine days in each month, and once twenty eight. 10And Uriel showed me another law, namely when light is transferred to the moon, and on which side it is transferred from the sun. 11All the time that the moon is increasing in its light, it transfers light to itself opposite the sun until, in fourteen days, its light is full in heaven; 5 in heaven: Eth.I om. and when it is all ablaze, its light is full in heaven. 12And on the first day it is called the new moon, for on that day light rises on it. 13And its light becomes full exactly on the day the sun goes down into the west, and it rises from the east at night. And the moon shines through the whole night until the sun rises opposite it, and the moon is seen 6 GQUD′ aA ‘is equal’. opposite the sun. 14And on the side on which the light of the moon appears, there again it wanes until all its light disappears, and the days of the moon come to an end, and its disk remains empty, without light. 15And for three months, at its proper time, it achieves thirty days, and for three months 7 And for three months … three months: GMTD′D′ a (with some corruptions and variations) ‘And for three months it achieves … days (numeral is missing, and text corrupt; only T2 has ‘thirty’), and at its proper time, when it completes its waning, for three months’; QU unintelligible, but similar to GM etc. it achieves in each month twenty nine days, during which it completes its waning, in the first period of time and in the first gate, in one hundred and seventy seven days. 16And in the time of its rising for three months it appears in each month for thirty days, and for three months it appears in each month for twenty nine days. By night, for twenty days each time, 8 for twenty days each time: D′ om. it looks like a man, and by day like heaven, for there is nothing else in it except its light.

Notes:

1 U ‘and the size of the disk of both is equal’; GMQTD′ ‘and the size of the disk of both – like the disk of heaven – is equal’.

2 GMQTD′ text uncertain, perhaps ‘it appears in heaven with a half of a seventh part; the light becomes whole in it; on the fourteenth day it makes its light full’; U corrupt.

3 GMQUD′D′a ‘to a half’.

4 GMUD′ a (with some corruptions and variations) ‘and on the fourteenth to a half and a seventh part of all its light, and on the fifteenth day what remains from the total disappears’; QD′ ‘and on the fourteenth to a half, and with a seventh part all its light decreases, and on the fifteenth day what remains from the total disappears’; T partially corresponds to Eth.II and partially to GMUD′a.

5 in heaven: Eth.I om.

6 GQUD′ aA ‘is equal’.

7 And for three months … three months: GMTD′D′ a (with some corruptions and variations) ‘And for three months it achieves … days (numeral is missing, and text corrupt; only T2 has ‘thirty’), and at its proper time, when it completes its waning, for three months’; QU unintelligible, but similar to GM etc.

8 for twenty days each time: D′ om.

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