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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter XCI

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Text Commentary

1And now, my son Methuselah, call to me all your brothers and gather to me all the children of your mother, 1 G ‘call to me all the children of your mother and gather to me all your brothers’. for a voice calls me, and a spirit has been poured out over me, that I may show to you everything that will come upon you for ever. 2And after this Methuselah went and called all his brothers 2 GMTD′ add ‘and called’. to him and gathered his relations. 3And he spoke about righteousness to all his sons 3 about righteousness … his sons: GQD′YB′ ‘to all the sons of righteousness’; M corrupt; T ‘about his righteousness to all his sons’. and said, Hear, my children, all 4 GQT1 ‘you children of Enoch, all’; MD′ ‘all you children of Enoch’. the words of your father and listen properly to the voice of 5 the voice of: MQTD′ om. my mouth, for I will testify to you and speak to you, my beloved. 6 GMQTD′ ‘O beloved’. 4Love uprightness and walk in it. And do not draw near to uprightness with a double heart, and do not associate with those of a double heart, 7 and do not associate … double heart: GU om.; D′ ‘and do not associate with those who walk with a double heart’. but walk in righteousness, my children, 8 in … children: G ‘in uprightness and in righteousness’. and it will lead you in good paths, and righteousness will be your companion. 5For I know that the state of wrongdoing will continue on the earth, and a great punishment will be carried out on the earth, and an end will be made of all iniquity, and it will be cut off at its roots, and its whole edifice will pass away. 6And iniquity will again be complete on the earth, and all the deeds of iniquity and the deeds 9 the deeds: M om. of wrong and of wickedness will prevail 10 and all the deeds … will prevail: QT ‘and it will contain all the deeds of iniquity and of wrong and of wickedness’, and similarly D′; G corrupt. for a second time. 11 Or ‘to a double extent’. 7And when iniquity and sin 12 GMQTD′ ‘sin and iniquity’. and blasphemy and wrong and all kinds of evil deeds 13 GMT ‘in all kinds of deeds’; D′ corrupt. increase, and when apostasy and wickedness and uncleanness increase, a great punishment 14 And when … increase, and when apostasy … increase, a great punishment: MT ‘And after this … will increase, and apostasy … will increase, and a great punishment’. will come from heaven upon all these, and the holy Lord will come 15 G adds ‘upon earth’. in anger and in wrath to execute judgement on the earth. 8In those days wrong-doing will be cut off at its roots, and the roots of 16 the roots of: GQ om. (Q also om. ‘and’). iniquity together with deceit will be destroyed 17 will be destroyed: so some Eth.II MSS; GQ om.; other MSS ‘and they will be destroyed’. from under heaven. 9And all the idols of the nations will be given up; their towers will be burnt in fire, and they will remove them from the whole earth; and they will be thrown down into the judgement of fire and will be destroyed in anger and in the severe judgement which is for ever. 10And the righteous will rise from 18 GMQD′X add ‘their’. sleep, and wisdom will rise and will be given to them. 11And after this the roots of iniquity will be cut off, and the sinners will be destroyed by the sword; from the blasphemers they will be cut off in every place, and those who plan wrongdoing and those who commit blasphemy will be destroyed by the sword. 19 For verse 11 Aram. has ‘And they will uproot the foundations of wrongdoing and the works of deceit in it in order to carry out [the judgement]’. 12And after this there will be another week, the eighth, that of righteousness, and a sword will be given to it that the righteous judgement may be executed 20 to it … be executed: so GD; D′ ‘to it that the judgement may be executed in righteousness’; all other Eth. MSS ‘to it that judgement and righteousness may be practised’; Aram. ‘to all the righteous to execute a righteous judgement’. on those who do wrong, and the sinners will be handed over into the hands of the righteous. 21 on those … the righteous: Aram. ‘on all the sinners, and they will be given into their hands’. 13And at its end they will acquire houses because of their righteousness, 22 houses … righteousness: Aram. ‘riches in righteousness’. and a house will be built for the great king in glory for ever. 14And after this in the ninth week the righteous judgement will be revealed to the whole world, 23 Aram. ‘to all the children of the whole earth’. and all the deeds of the impious will vanish from the whole earth; and the world will be written down for destruction, 24 and the world … for destruction: so M Eth.II; GQ corrupt; TD′ ‘and he will write them down for destruction for ever’ (or perhaps ‘he will write the world down for destruction’); Aram. ‘and they will cast into the pit[’. and all men will look to the path of uprightness. 25 Aram. ‘the path of eternal righteousness’. 15And after this in the tenth week, in the seventh part, there will be the eternal judgement which will be executed on the Watchers, and the great eternal heaven which will spring from the midst of the angels. 26 there will be … the angels: so most Eth.II MSS; TD′J ‘there will be the eternal judgement which will be executed on the Watchers of the eternal heaven, the great judgement which will spring from all (J ‘the midst of) the angels’; G ‘there will be the great eternal judgement which will spring from the midst of the angels’; M ‘there will be the great eternal judgement in which he will take vengeance among the angels’, and similarly the corrupt Q. ‘Spring’ is a simple corruption of ‘take vengeance’; TD′ Eth. II appear to derive from a combination of alternative versions of the text represented by M. 16And the first heaven will vanish and pass away, and a new heaven will appear, and all the powers of heaven will shine for ever 27 for ever: GAHK om., but something equivalent is present in Aram. with sevenfold light. 17And after this there will be many weeks without number for ever 28 GD′ ‘And after this there will be many weeks without number for ever, and they will all be (D′ ‘and it will be’)’. in goodness and in righteousness, and from then on sin will never again be mentioned. 18And now I tell you, my children, and show you the paths of righteousness and the paths of wrongdoing; and I will show you 29 GQTD′ ‘and I have shown you’. again that you may know what is to come. 19And now listen, 30 G om.; M corrupt; QTD′ ‘listen to me’. my children, and 31 G om. walk in the paths of righteousness, and do not walk in the paths of wrongdoing; for all those who walk in the path of iniquity will be destroyed for ever.

Notes:

1 G ‘call to me all the children of your mother and gather to me all your brothers’.

2 GMTD′ add ‘and called’.

3 about righteousness … his sons: GQD′YB′ ‘to all the sons of righteousness’; M corrupt; T ‘about his righteousness to all his sons’.

4 GQT1 ‘you children of Enoch, all’; MD′ ‘all you children of Enoch’.

5 the voice of: MQTD′ om.

6 GMQTD′ ‘O beloved’.

7 and do not associate … double heart: GU om.; D′ ‘and do not associate with those who walk with a double heart’.

8 in … children: G ‘in uprightness and in righteousness’.

9 the deeds: M om.

10 and all the deeds … will prevail: QT ‘and it will contain all the deeds of iniquity and of wrong and of wickedness’, and similarly D′; G corrupt.

11 Or ‘to a double extent’.

12 GMQTD′ ‘sin and iniquity’.

13 GMT ‘in all kinds of deeds’; D′ corrupt.

14 And when … increase, and when apostasy … increase, a great punishment: MT ‘And after this … will increase, and apostasy … will increase, and a great punishment’.

15 G adds ‘upon earth’.

16 the roots of: GQ om. (Q also om. ‘and’).

17 will be destroyed: so some Eth.II MSS; GQ om.; other MSS ‘and they will be destroyed’.

18 GMQD′X add ‘their’.

19 For verse 11 Aram. has ‘And they will uproot the foundations of wrongdoing and the works of deceit in it in order to carry out [the judgement]’.

20 to it … be executed: so GD; D′ ‘to it that the judgement may be executed in righteousness’; all other Eth. MSS ‘to it that judgement and righteousness may be practised’; Aram. ‘to all the righteous to execute a righteous judgement’.

21 on those … the righteous: Aram. ‘on all the sinners, and they will be given into their hands’.

22 houses … righteousness: Aram. ‘riches in righteousness’.

23 Aram. ‘to all the children of the whole earth’.

24 and the world … for destruction: so M Eth.II; GQ corrupt; TD′ ‘and he will write them down for destruction for ever’ (or perhaps ‘he will write the world down for destruction’); Aram. ‘and they will cast into the pit[’.

25 Aram. ‘the path of eternal righteousness’.

26 there will be … the angels: so most Eth.II MSS; TD′J ‘there will be the eternal judgement which will be executed on the Watchers of the eternal heaven, the great judgement which will spring from all (J ‘the midst of) the angels’; G ‘there will be the great eternal judgement which will spring from the midst of the angels’; M ‘there will be the great eternal judgement in which he will take vengeance among the angels’, and similarly the corrupt Q. ‘Spring’ is a simple corruption of ‘take vengeance’; TD′ Eth. II appear to derive from a combination of alternative versions of the text represented by M.

27 for ever: GAHK om., but something equivalent is present in Aram.

28 GD′ ‘And after this there will be many weeks without number for ever, and they will all be (D′ ‘and it will be’)’.

29 GQTD′ ‘and I have shown you’.

30 G om.; M corrupt; QTD′ ‘listen to me’.

31 G om.

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