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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter XCVIII

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Text Commentary

1And now I swear to you, the wise and the foolish, 1 GGaQT Gk.m ‘and not to the foolish’. that you will see many things 2 Gk.m ‘iniquities’. on the earth. 2For you men will put on yourselves more adornments than a woman and more coloured garments than a girl 3 Gk.m ‘For men will put on beauty like women, and fair colour more than girls’. in sovereignty and in majesty and in power; and silver 4 and silver: so GaMQTD′; other Eth. MSS ‘and in silver’. and gold and purple and honour and food will be poured out like water. 3Because of this they will have neither knowledge nor wisdom, 5 and silver … nor wisdom: Gk.m ‘They will have silver and gold for food, and in their houses they will be poured out like water [because] they 〈have〉 neither knowledge, nor insight’. and through this they will be destroyed together with their possessions and with all their glory and their honour; 6 and through this … honour: Gk.m ‘so you will be destroyed together with all your possessions and all your glory and your honour’ (remainder of verse 3 and verse 4 severely damaged). and in shame and in slaughter and in great destitution their spirits will be thrown into the fiery furnace. 7 into the fiery furnace: MQTD′ om. 4I swear to you, you sinners, that as a mountain has not, and will not, become a slave, nor a hill a woman's maid, so sin was not sent on the earth, but man of himself created it, and those who commit it will be subject to a great curse. 5And barreness 8 G(Ga)MQN1 ‘an excuse’; D′ corrupt; Gk.m om. (but ‘childlessness’ possibly to be supplied). has not been given to a woman, 9 Gk.m ‘to a barren woman’. but because of the deeds of her hands 10 Gk.m adds what appears to be an alternative version of verses 4f., ‘For it was not determined that a slave should be a slave; from above it was not given, but it came about through oppression. Likewise iniquity was not given from above, but it came about from transgression. Likewise a woman was not created barren, but because of her own misdeeds she was reproached with childlessness’. she dies without children. 6I swear to you, you sinners, by the Holy and 11 GQTD′ Gk.m om. Great One, that all 12 P1 Gk.m om. your evil deeds are 13 Gk.m ‘will be’. revealed in heaven, and that your wrongdoing is not covered or hidden. 14 and that your … hidden: Gk.m ‘No unrighteous deed of yours will be hidden’. 7And do not think in your spirit, 15 Gk.m ‘soul’. nor say 16 Gk.m ‘think’. in your heart that you do not know and do not see that every sin 17 D′ ‘all our sin’. is written down 18 that you do not … down: C′ ‘They do not know and do not see all our sin, for it is written down’; Gk.m ‘that they do not know and do not see, and that your misdeeds are not observed, nor written down’. every day in heaven 19 every day in heaven: Gk.m om. before the Most High. 8From now on you know 20 you know: Gk.m imperative. that all your wrongdoing which you do 21 which you do: GaN Gk.m om. will be written down every day until the day of 22 the day of: Gk.m om. your judgement. 9Woe to you, you fools, for you will be destroyed through your folly; and you do not listen to 23 GGa ‘and you act impiously against’; D′ ‘and you do not act impiously against’; M ‘and you do not know’; Q ‘and you do not see’. the wise, and good will not come upon you. 24 Gk.m adds ‘but evil [will befall] you’. 10And now know that you are ready for the day of destruction. And do not hope that you will live, 25 that you will live: Gk.m ‘to be saved’. you sinners; rather you will go and die, for you know no ransom, for 26 for you know no ransom, for: so Ga Eth.II; G ‘for you know a ransom, and’; M ‘for you know no ransom’; T obscure; QD′ ‘for you know that’; Gk.m ‘knowing [that]’ (remainder of verse 10, verse 11, and the beginning of verse 12, severely damaged). you are ready for the day of the great judgement and for the day of distress and great shame for your spirits. 11Woe to you, you stubborn of heart who do evil and eat blood. Whence do you have good things to eat and to drink and to be satisfied? From all the good things which our Lord, the Most High, 27 our Lord, the Most High: GGaMQTD′ ‘the Lord Most High’. has placed in abundance on the earth: therefore you will not have peace. 12Woe to you who love deeds of iniquity. Why do you hope for good for yourselves? Know 28 Gk.m ‘Now be it known to you’. that you will be given into the hand of the righteous, and they will cut your throats and 29 cut your throats (lit. ‘necks’) and: Gk.m om. kill you and will not have mercy on you. 30 Gk.m ‘not spare you’. 13Woe to you who rejoice in the distress of the righteous, for graves will not be dug for you. 31 GGaD′ ‘for no grave of yours will be seen’; Gk.m ‘no grave will be dug for you’. 14Woe to you who declare the words of the righteous empty, 32 Gk.m uncertain, possibly ‘Woe to you who wish to make of no effect the words of the righteous’. for you will have no hope of life. 33 Gk.m ‘of salvation’. 15Woe to you who write lying words and the words of the impious, 34 and the words … impious: Gk.m ‘and words of error’. for they write their lies that men may hear and not forget their folly; 35 for they write … folly: so Eth.II; GMQT ‘for they write their lies (M om. ‘their lies’) that men may hear them and act impiously against their neighbour’; GaD′ corrupt; Gk.m ‘they write them and will lead many astray through their lies. You yourselves have gone astray’. and they will not have peace, but will die a sudden death. 36 and they … sudden death: Gk.m ‘and you have no joy, but will quickly be destroyed’.

Notes:

1 GGaQT Gk.m ‘and not to the foolish’.

2 Gk.m ‘iniquities’.

3 Gk.m ‘For men will put on beauty like women, and fair colour more than girls’.

4 and silver: so GaMQTD′; other Eth. MSS ‘and in silver’.

5 and silver … nor wisdom: Gk.m ‘They will have silver and gold for food, and in their houses they will be poured out like water [because] they 〈have〉 neither knowledge, nor insight’.

6 and through this … honour: Gk.m ‘so you will be destroyed together with all your possessions and all your glory and your honour’ (remainder of verse 3 and verse 4 severely damaged).

7 into the fiery furnace: MQTD′ om.

8 G(Ga)MQN1 ‘an excuse’; D′ corrupt; Gk.m om. (but ‘childlessness’ possibly to be supplied).

9 Gk.m ‘to a barren woman’.

10 Gk.m adds what appears to be an alternative version of verses 4f., ‘For it was not determined that a slave should be a slave; from above it was not given, but it came about through oppression. Likewise iniquity was not given from above, but it came about from transgression. Likewise a woman was not created barren, but because of her own misdeeds she was reproached with childlessness’.

11 GQTD′ Gk.m om.

12 P1 Gk.m om.

13 Gk.m ‘will be’.

14 and that your … hidden: Gk.m ‘No unrighteous deed of yours will be hidden’.

15 Gk.m ‘soul’.

16 Gk.m ‘think’.

17 D′ ‘all our sin’.

18 that you do not … down: C′ ‘They do not know and do not see all our sin, for it is written down’; Gk.m ‘that they do not know and do not see, and that your misdeeds are not observed, nor written down’.

19 every day in heaven: Gk.m om.

20 you know: Gk.m imperative.

21 which you do: GaN Gk.m om.

22 the day of: Gk.m om.

23 GGa ‘and you act impiously against’; D′ ‘and you do not act impiously against’; M ‘and you do not know’; Q ‘and you do not see’.

24 Gk.m adds ‘but evil [will befall] you’.

25 that you will live: Gk.m ‘to be saved’.

26 for you know no ransom, for: so Ga Eth.II; G ‘for you know a ransom, and’; M ‘for you know no ransom’; T obscure; QD′ ‘for you know that’; Gk.m ‘knowing [that]’ (remainder of verse 10, verse 11, and the beginning of verse 12, severely damaged).

27 our Lord, the Most High: GGaMQTD′ ‘the Lord Most High’.

28 Gk.m ‘Now be it known to you’.

29 cut your throats (lit. ‘necks’) and: Gk.m om.

30 Gk.m ‘not spare you’.

31 GGaD′ ‘for no grave of yours will be seen’; Gk.m ‘no grave will be dug for you’.

32 Gk.m uncertain, possibly ‘Woe to you who wish to make of no effect the words of the righteous’.

33 Gk.m ‘of salvation’.

34 and the words … impious: Gk.m ‘and words of error’.

35 for they write … folly: so Eth.II; GMQT ‘for they write their lies (M om. ‘their lies’) that men may hear them and act impiously against their neighbour’; GaD′ corrupt; Gk.m ‘they write them and will lead many astray through their lies. You yourselves have gone astray’.

36 and they … sudden death: Gk.m ‘and you have no joy, but will quickly be destroyed’.

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