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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter XCIX

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Text Commentary

1Woe to you who do impious deeds and praise and honour lying words; 1 Gk.m ‘Woe to you who cause errors and by your false deeds gain honour and glory’; the Eth. MSS confuse second and third person forms in this verse and only T consistently has the second person. you will be destroyed and will not have a good life. 2 C′ ‘you will be destroyed and will have no hope of life’; Gk.m ‘you are destroyed, you have no salvation for good’. 2Woe to you who 3 GGaM ‘Woe to those who’. alter the words of truth, and they distort the eternal law 4 Or ‘covenant’. and count themselves 5 C′ Gk.m ‘Woe to you who alter the words of truth, and distort the eternal law (Gk.m ‘pervert the eternal covenant’), and count yourselves’. as being without sin; they 6 C′ ‘you’. will be trampled under foot on the ground. 7 Gk.m “they will be swallowed up in the earth’. 3In those days 8 In those days: Gk.m ‘Then’. make ready, you righteous, to raise 9 to raise: Gk.m ‘and offer’. your prayers as a reminder, and lay them 10 and lay them: so GT; other Eth. MSS corrupt; Gk.m ‘give them’. as a testimony before the angels that they may lay 11 T(D′)Gk.m ‘bring’. the sin of the sinners before the Most High 12 Gk.m adds ‘God’. as a reminder. 4In those days the nations will be thrown into confusion, and the races of the nations will rise 13 Gk.m ‘And then they will be thrown into confusion, and they will rise’. on the day of destruction. 14 QD′ ‘of the destruction of the sinners’; MT ‘of the destruction of sin’; Gk.m ‘of the destruction of wrongdoing’. 5And in those days those who are in need will go out and seize their children and cast out their children; 15 And in … their children: so Eth., but GGaMQTD′ ‘and cast them out’ for ‘and cast out their children’; Gk.m ‘At that very time those who give birth will cast out and remove and abandon their infants’. and their offspring will slip from them, 16 and their offspring will slip from them: i.e. in premature birth; Gk.m ‘and those who are with child will […]’. and they will cast out their children while they are sucklings 17 Eth.II ‘and while they are sucklings they will cast them out’; Gk.m ‘and those who suckle will cast out their children’. and will not return to them 18 to them: Gk.m ‘to their infants, nor to their sucklings’. and will not have mercy on 19 have mercy on: Gk.m ‘spare’ (the remainder of verse 5, verse 6, and beginning of verse 7, has not survived). their beloved ones. 6And again I swear to you, the sinners, that sin is ready for the day of unceasing bloodshed. 7And they worship stone, and some carve images of gold and of silver and of wood and of clay, 20 and some carve … clay: Gk.m ‘[…] and those who carve images of silver and of gold, of wood […] and of clay’. and some, with no knowledge, 21 with no knowledge: so GQTD′; Ga corrupt; M ‘but not in the temples’; Eth.II ‘in the temples’. worship unclean 22 GGaMQTD′ ‘evil’. spirits and demons and every kind of error, 23 and some, with … error: Gk.m ‘and worship phantoms and demons […] and evil spirits [and] all errors, with no knowledge’. but no help will be obtained from them. 8And they will sink into impiety 24 Gk.m ‘And they will go astray’. because of the folly of their hearts, and their eyes will be blinded through the fear of their hearts and through the vision of their dreams. 25 and their eyes … dreams: Gk.m ‘and the visions of their dreams will lead you astray’. 9Through these they will become impious and fearful, for they do all their deeds with lies and worship stones, and they will be destroyed at the same moment. 26 Through these … same moment: Gk.m obscure, ‘you and your lying works that you have made and wrought of stone, and together you will perish’. 10And in those days blessed are all those who accept the words of wisdom and understand them, 27 Gk.m ‘And then blessed are all those who hear the words of the wise and will learn them’. and follow the paths 28 and follow the paths: Gk.m ‘in order to fulfil the commands’. of the Most High, and walk in the path of righteousness, 29 GGaMQD′ ‘in the path of his righteousness’; T Gk.m ‘in the paths of his righteousness’. and do not act impiously with the impious, for they will be saved. 30 and walk … saved: Gk.m ‘and they will walk in the paths of his righteousness, and will not go astray with those who go astray, and will be saved’. 11Woe to you who extend evil to your neighbours, for you will be killed in Sheol. 12Woe to you who lay foundations of sin and deceit, 31 GQD′J1 ‘who make false and deceitful measures’; GaM corrupt. and to those who cause bitterness 32 cause bitterness: GQD′ ‘know’; Ga ‘advise’. on the earth, for because of this an end will be made of them. 33 Gk.m om. verses 11f. 13Woe to you who build your houses with the toil of others, 34 Gk.m ‘Woe to those who build their houses not 〈by〉 their own toil’. and all their building materials are the bricks and stones of sin; 35 Gk.m ‘and from stones and from bricks you make every building’. I say to you, You will not have peace. 36 I say … peace: Gk.m uncertain, but different from Eth. 14Woe to those who reject the measure 37 Q ‘the leaders’; D′ ‘the foundation’. and the eternal inheritance of their fathers 38 Gk.m ‘Woe to those who despise the foundation and the inheritance of their fathers which is from eternity’. and cause their souls to follow after error, 39 Ga(M) ‘and whose souls follow after error’; GQT(D′) ‘and follow after the soul of error’; Gk.m ‘for the spirit of error will pursue you’. (Eth. ‘soul’ might also be translated ‘spirit’.) for they will not have rest. 40 GMQTD′ ‘for you will not have rest’; Gk.m ‘There is no rest for you’. 15Woe to those 41 GMQTD′ Gk.m ‘you’. who commit iniquity and help wrong and kill 16their neighbours until the day of the great judgement, for 42 Gk.m adds ‘then’. he will throw down 43 throw down: Gk.m uncertain, possibly ‘destroy’. your glory and put evil into your hearts 44 and put … hearts: Gk.m om. and rouse the spirit of his anger that he may destroy 45 GM ‘and rouse his anger and his spirit; he will destroy’; QT ‘and rouse his anger, and his spirit will destroy’; D′ ‘and rouse the anger of his spirit, and will destroy’; Gk.m ‘and rouse [his] anger [against] you; he will destroy’. you all with the sword; and all the righteous and holy 46 GGaMQD′ ‘holy and righteous’; Gk.m probably only ‘righteous’. will remember your sin.

Notes:

1 Gk.m ‘Woe to you who cause errors and by your false deeds gain honour and glory’; the Eth. MSS confuse second and third person forms in this verse and only T consistently has the second person.

2 C′ ‘you will be destroyed and will have no hope of life’; Gk.m ‘you are destroyed, you have no salvation for good’.

3 GGaM ‘Woe to those who’.

4 Or ‘covenant’.

5 C′ Gk.m ‘Woe to you who alter the words of truth, and distort the eternal law (Gk.m ‘pervert the eternal covenant’), and count yourselves’.

6 C′ ‘you’.

7 Gk.m “they will be swallowed up in the earth’.

8 In those days: Gk.m ‘Then’.

9 to raise: Gk.m ‘and offer’.

10 and lay them: so GT; other Eth. MSS corrupt; Gk.m ‘give them’.

11 T(D′)Gk.m ‘bring’.

12 Gk.m adds ‘God’.

13 Gk.m ‘And then they will be thrown into confusion, and they will rise’.

14 QD′ ‘of the destruction of the sinners’; MT ‘of the destruction of sin’; Gk.m ‘of the destruction of wrongdoing’.

15 And in … their children: so Eth., but GGaMQTD′ ‘and cast them out’ for ‘and cast out their children’; Gk.m ‘At that very time those who give birth will cast out and remove and abandon their infants’.

16 and their offspring will slip from them: i.e. in premature birth; Gk.m ‘and those who are with child will […]’.

17 Eth.II ‘and while they are sucklings they will cast them out’; Gk.m ‘and those who suckle will cast out their children’.

18 to them: Gk.m ‘to their infants, nor to their sucklings’.

19 have mercy on: Gk.m ‘spare’ (the remainder of verse 5, verse 6, and beginning of verse 7, has not survived).

20 and some carve … clay: Gk.m ‘[…] and those who carve images of silver and of gold, of wood […] and of clay’.

21 with no knowledge: so GQTD′; Ga corrupt; M ‘but not in the temples’; Eth.II ‘in the temples’.

22 GGaMQTD′ ‘evil’.

23 and some, with … error: Gk.m ‘and worship phantoms and demons […] and evil spirits [and] all errors, with no knowledge’.

24 Gk.m ‘And they will go astray’.

25 and their eyes … dreams: Gk.m ‘and the visions of their dreams will lead you astray’.

26 Through these … same moment: Gk.m obscure, ‘you and your lying works that you have made and wrought of stone, and together you will perish’.

27 Gk.m ‘And then blessed are all those who hear the words of the wise and will learn them’.

28 and follow the paths: Gk.m ‘in order to fulfil the commands’.

29 GGaMQD′ ‘in the path of his righteousness’; T Gk.m ‘in the paths of his righteousness’.

30 and walk … saved: Gk.m ‘and they will walk in the paths of his righteousness, and will not go astray with those who go astray, and will be saved’.

31 GQD′J1 ‘who make false and deceitful measures’; GaM corrupt.

32 cause bitterness: GQD′ ‘know’; Ga ‘advise’.

33 Gk.m om. verses 11f.

34 Gk.m ‘Woe to those who build their houses not 〈by〉 their own toil’.

35 Gk.m ‘and from stones and from bricks you make every building’.

36 I say … peace: Gk.m uncertain, but different from Eth.

37 Q ‘the leaders’; D′ ‘the foundation’.

38 Gk.m ‘Woe to those who despise the foundation and the inheritance of their fathers which is from eternity’.

39 Ga(M) ‘and whose souls follow after error’; GQT(D′) ‘and follow after the soul of error’; Gk.m ‘for the spirit of error will pursue you’. (Eth. ‘soul’ might also be translated ‘spirit’.)

40 GMQTD′ ‘for you will not have rest’; Gk.m ‘There is no rest for you’.

41 GMQTD′ Gk.m ‘you’.

42 Gk.m adds ‘then’.

43 throw down: Gk.m uncertain, possibly ‘destroy’.

44 and put … hearts: Gk.m om.

45 GM ‘and rouse his anger and his spirit; he will destroy’; QT ‘and rouse his anger, and his spirit will destroy’; D′ ‘and rouse the anger of his spirit, and will destroy’; Gk.m ‘and rouse [his] anger [against] you; he will destroy’.

46 GGaMQD′ ‘holy and righteous’; Gk.m probably only ‘righteous’.

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