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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter CII

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Text Commentary

1And in those days if he brings a fierce fire upon you, 1 Gk.m ‘And when he throws out against you the waves of the fire of your burning’. whither will you flee, and where will you 2 where will you: Gk.m om. be safe? And when he utters his voice against you, will you not be terrified and afraid? 3 Gk.m adds ‘at the great sound’. 2And all the lights will shake with great fear, and the whole earth will be terrified and will tremble and quail. 3And all the angels will carry out their commands and will seek to hide before the one who is great in glory, 4 GGaMQT(D′) ‘before the great glory’. and the children of the earth will tremble and shake; 5 And all the lights … will tremble and shake: Gk.m in part corrupt and apparently out of order, ‘And the whole earth will be shaken and trembling and thrown into confusion and the angels will be carrying out that which has been commanded them, and heaven and the lights will be shaken, and all the children of the earth will be trembling’. and you sinners will be cursed for ever and will not have peace. 6 Gk.m ‘and you, you sinners accursed for ever, there is no joy for you’. 4Do not be afraid, you souls of the righteous, and be hopeful, you who have died 7 you who have died: some Eth.II MSS ‘on the day you die’; GQT ‘they who have died’; GaD′ ‘the souls of those who have died’. in righteousness. 8 Gk.m ‘Be courageous, you souls of the righteous dead, of the righteous and the pious’. 5And do not be sad that your souls have gone down 9 T Eth.II add ‘into great distress and crying and groaning and’. into Sheol in sadness, and that your bodies 10 Gk.m ‘and that the body of your flesh’. did not obtain during your life a reward in accordance with your goodness, 11 Gk.m ‘holiness’. but on the day on which you became as sinners and on the day of cursing and punishment … 12 but on … punishment …: so Eth., but corrupt; Gk.m ‘for the days which you lived were days of sinners and accursed men on the earth’. 6But when you die, the sinners say about you, 13 Gk.m ‘When you die, then the sinners will say’. As we die, the righteous have died, 14 Gk.m ‘The pious have died according to their fate’. and of what use to them were their deeds? 7Behold, like us they have died in sadness and in darkness, 15 Gk.m ‘And they like us have died. See then how they die in grief and darkness’. and what advantage do they have over us? 16 over us: QTD′ Gk.m om. 8From now on we are equal, and what will they receive, 17 GGaQD′ ‘From now on we are equal, and how will they rise’; Gk.m ‘From now on let them rise and be saved’. and what will they see for ever? For, behold, they too have died, and from now on they will never again see light. 18 and what will they see … light: Gk.m ‘and they will for ever see us (Gk.m ‘you’ eating and drinking well’. 9I say to you, you sinners, You are content to eat and drink, and strip men naked and steal and sin, 19 GMQTD′ ‘and steal and sin and strip men naked’. and acquire possessions and see good days. 20 I say … good days: Gk.m ‘Then 〈you do well to eat and drink and〉 steal and sin and steal clothes and acquire possessions and see good days’. 10But you saw 21 But you saw: so D′P2; MT1 and some Eth.II MSS ‘You saw’; T2 and some Eth.II MSS ‘Have you seen’; other Eth. MSS ‘I saw’. the righteous, how their end was peace, 22 peace: GGaMQTD′ om. for no wrong was found in them until the day of their death. 23 GTD′ ‘until they died’; MQ corrupt. 11But they were destroyed 24 But you saw … destroyed: Gk.m ‘See therefore, they who justify themselves, how their end was, for no righteousness was found in them until they died and were destroyed’. and became as though they had not been, and their souls 25 GMQTD′ ‘spirits’. went down into Sheol in distress.

Notes:

1 Gk.m ‘And when he throws out against you the waves of the fire of your burning’.

2 where will you: Gk.m om.

3 Gk.m adds ‘at the great sound’.

4 GGaMQT(D′) ‘before the great glory’.

5 And all the lights … will tremble and shake: Gk.m in part corrupt and apparently out of order, ‘And the whole earth will be shaken and trembling and thrown into confusion and the angels will be carrying out that which has been commanded them, and heaven and the lights will be shaken, and all the children of the earth will be trembling’.

6 Gk.m ‘and you, you sinners accursed for ever, there is no joy for you’.

7 you who have died: some Eth.II MSS ‘on the day you die’; GQT ‘they who have died’; GaD′ ‘the souls of those who have died’.

8 Gk.m ‘Be courageous, you souls of the righteous dead, of the righteous and the pious’.

9 T Eth.II add ‘into great distress and crying and groaning and’.

10 Gk.m ‘and that the body of your flesh’.

11 Gk.m ‘holiness’.

12 but on … punishment …: so Eth., but corrupt; Gk.m ‘for the days which you lived were days of sinners and accursed men on the earth’.

13 Gk.m ‘When you die, then the sinners will say’.

14 Gk.m ‘The pious have died according to their fate’.

15 Gk.m ‘And they like us have died. See then how they die in grief and darkness’.

16 over us: QTD′ Gk.m om.

17 GGaQD′ ‘From now on we are equal, and how will they rise’; Gk.m ‘From now on let them rise and be saved’.

18 and what will they see … light: Gk.m ‘and they will for ever see us (Gk.m ‘you’ eating and drinking well’.

19 GMQTD′ ‘and steal and sin and strip men naked’.

20 I say … good days: Gk.m ‘Then 〈you do well to eat and drink and〉 steal and sin and steal clothes and acquire possessions and see good days’.

21 But you saw: so D′P2; MT1 and some Eth.II MSS ‘You saw’; T2 and some Eth.II MSS ‘Have you seen’; other Eth. MSS ‘I saw’.

22 peace: GGaMQTD′ om.

23 GTD′ ‘until they died’; MQ corrupt.

24 But you saw … destroyed: Gk.m ‘See therefore, they who justify themselves, how their end was, for no righteousness was found in them until they died and were destroyed’.

25 GMQTD′ ‘spirits’.

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