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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter CVI

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Text Commentary

1And after some days my son Methuselah took for his son Lamech a wife, 1 Gk.m ‘And after some time I took a wife for my son Methuselah, and she bore a son and called his name Lamech; righteousness was brought low until that day. And when he came of age, he took a wife for himself’. and she became pregnant by him and 2 became pregnant by him and: Gk.m om. bore 3 Gk.m adds ‘to him’. a son. 2And his body was white like snow and red like the flower of a rose, and the hair of his head was white like wool 4 All Eth. MSS add what seems to be a gloss, ‘and his hair’; Gk.m ‘And when the child was born, his body was whiter than snow and redder than the rose, his hair all white, and like white wool, and curly and glorious’. … and his eyes were beautiful; 5 and his eyes … beautiful: Gk.m om. and when he opened his eyes, he made the whole house bright like the sun so that the whole house was exceptionally bright. 6 he made … exceptionally bright: Gk.m ‘the house shone like the sun’. 3And when he was taken 7 Ga ‘And thereupon he rose’; Gk.m ‘And he rose’. from the hand of the midwife, 8 Ga Gk.m add ‘and’. he opened his mouth and spoke to the Lord of Righteousness. 9 and spoke … Righteousness: Gk.m ‘and blessed the Lord’. 4And his father 10 his father: Gk.m om. Lamech was afraid of him and fled and went to his father Methuselah. 5And he said to him, I have begotten a strange son; he is not like a man, but is like the children of the angels of heaven, of a different type, and not like us. And his eyes are like the rays of the sun, and his face glorious. 6And it seems to me that he is not sprung from me, but from the angels, 11 Gk.m ‘an angel’. and I am afraid lest something extraordinary should be done 12 Gk.m ‘and I fear him lest something should occur’. on the earth in his days. 7And now, 13 now: Gk.m om. my father, I am entreating you and petitioning you to go 14 to go: Gk.m ‘Go’. to our father Enoch, and 15 Remainder of verse 7 and beginning of verse 8 has not survived in Gk.m. learn from him the truth, for his dwelling is with the angels. 8And when Methuselah heard the words of his son, he came to me at the ends of the earth, for he had heard that I was there. 16 for … there: Gk.m ‘where he [saw] that I was then’. And he cried out, 17 And he cried out: Gk.m ‘And he said to me, [My] father, hear my voice and come [to] me’. and I heard his voice and went to him. And I said to him, 18 to him: Gk.m om. Behold, I am here, my son, for you have 19 Gk.m ‘Why have you’. come to me. 20 Gk.m adds ‘my son’. 9And he answered me 21 me: Gk.m om. and said, Because of a great matter 22 GGaMTD′ Gk.m ‘need’. have I come to you, 23 to you: Gk.m ‘here, father’. and because of a disturbing vision have I come near. 24 and because … near: Gk.m om. 10And now hear me, my father, for 25 hear me … for: Gk.m om. a child has been born to my son Lamech whose form and type are not like the type of a man; his colour is whiter than snow and redder than the flower of 26 the flower of: Gk.m om. a rose, and the hair of his head is whiter than white wool, and his eyes are like the rays of the sun; and he opened his eyes and made the whole house bright. 27 and he opened … bright: Gk.m om. 11And he was taken from 28 And he was taken from (or perhaps ‘rose from’): so GBCEL2C′; other Eth. MSS ‘And he rose in’; Gk.m ‘And he rose from’. the hand of the midwife and opened his mouth and blessed the Lord of Heaven. 29 Gk.m ‘of Eternity’. 12And his father Lamech 30 Gk.m ‘And my son Lamech’. was afraid and fled to me. And he does not believe that he is sprung from him, but thinks him to be 31 but thinks him to be: GGaMH ‘but that his form is’. from the angels 32 Gk.m ‘And he does not believe that he is his son, but that he is from the angels’ (after this one line of text seems to have dropped out and what remains of the verse is corrupt). of heaven. And behold I have come to you that you may make known to me the truth. 13And I, Enoch, answered and said to him, 33 Gk.m ‘Then I answered, saying’. The Lord will do new things on the earth, and this I have already seen in a vision and made known to you, 34 Gk.m in part obscure, ‘The Lord will make a new command on the earth, and in the same way (?), my son, I have seen and made it known to you’. for 35 for: in Eth. could also be translated ‘that’. in the generation of my father Jared some from the height of heaven transgressed the word of the 36 GGaQD′T2 and some Eth.II MSS ‘my’. Lord. 37 some … Lord: N ‘the angels of heaven transgressed the word of my Lord’; D′ Gk.m ‘they transgressed the word of the (D′ ‘my’) Lord, departing from the covenant of heaven’. 14And behold, they commit sin and transgress the law, 38 Gk.m ‘custom’. and have been promiscuous with women and commit sin with them, and have married some of them, and have begotten children by them. 39 by them: GaQAN om. 15And there will be great destruction over the whole 40 GaEHKNC′ om. earth, 41 and have begotten … earth: Gk.m ‘and they bear children not like spirits, but of flesh. And there will be great wrath on the earth’ (cp. verse 17). and there will be 42 there will be: Gk.m om. a deluge, and there will be great destruction for one year. 16But this child who has been born to you 43 to you: Gk.m om. will be left on the earth, 44 on the earth: Gk.m om. and his three sons will be saved with him; 45 with him: Gk.m om. when all the men 46 all the men: Gk.m ‘those’. who are on the earth die, he and his sons will be saved. 47 he and his sons will be saved: GGaQD′ Gk.m om. (probably repeated by mistake). GGa also om., but by hmt., ‘They will beget on the earth’. For Gk.m cp. also note 48. 17They will beget on the earth giants, not of spirit, but of flesh, and there will be great wrath on the earth, 48 They will beget … wrath on the earth: Gk.m om., but has a very similar passage at the end of verse 14 and the beginning of verse 15 (cp. note 41). Verse 17a in Eth. is probably an alternative version of the end of verse 14 and the beginning of verse 15 which has been introduced into the text in the wrong place. and the earth will be cleansed from all corruption. 49 Gk.m ‘and he will calm the earth from the corruption that is on it’. 18And now make known to your son Lamech 50 Gk.m ‘And now tell Lamech’. that the one who has been born is truly his son. 51 that … his son: Gk.m ‘He is your son in truth and holiness’. And call his name Noah, for he will be a remnant for you, 52 Gk.m adds ‘whereby you will have rest’ (after this there appears to be a lacuna, and the text of the remainder of the verse is obscure). and he and his sons will be saved from the destruction which is coming on the earth because of all the sin and all the iniquity which will be committed on the earth in his days. 19But after this there will be yet greater iniquity than that which was committed on the earth before. For I know the mysteries of the holy ones, for that Lord 53 Verse 19 down as far as ‘Lord’ has not survived in Gk.m. showed them to me and made them known to me, and I read them in the tablets of heaven.

Notes:

1 Gk.m ‘And after some time I took a wife for my son Methuselah, and she bore a son and called his name Lamech; righteousness was brought low until that day. And when he came of age, he took a wife for himself’.

2 became pregnant by him and: Gk.m om.

3 Gk.m adds ‘to him’.

4 All Eth. MSS add what seems to be a gloss, ‘and his hair’; Gk.m ‘And when the child was born, his body was whiter than snow and redder than the rose, his hair all white, and like white wool, and curly and glorious’.

5 and his eyes … beautiful: Gk.m om.

6 he made … exceptionally bright: Gk.m ‘the house shone like the sun’.

7 Ga ‘And thereupon he rose’; Gk.m ‘And he rose’.

8 Ga Gk.m add ‘and’.

9 and spoke … Righteousness: Gk.m ‘and blessed the Lord’.

10 his father: Gk.m om.

11 Gk.m ‘an angel’.

12 Gk.m ‘and I fear him lest something should occur’.

13 now: Gk.m om.

14 to go: Gk.m ‘Go’.

15 Remainder of verse 7 and beginning of verse 8 has not survived in Gk.m.

16 for … there: Gk.m ‘where he [saw] that I was then’.

17 And he cried out: Gk.m ‘And he said to me, [My] father, hear my voice and come [to] me’.

18 to him: Gk.m om.

19 Gk.m ‘Why have you’.

20 Gk.m adds ‘my son’.

21 me: Gk.m om.

22 GGaMTD′ Gk.m ‘need’.

23 to you: Gk.m ‘here, father’.

24 and because … near: Gk.m om.

25 hear me … for: Gk.m om.

26 the flower of: Gk.m om.

27 and he opened … bright: Gk.m om.

28 And he was taken from (or perhaps ‘rose from’): so GBCEL2C′; other Eth. MSS ‘And he rose in’; Gk.m ‘And he rose from’.

29 Gk.m ‘of Eternity’.

30 Gk.m ‘And my son Lamech’.

31 but thinks him to be: GGaMH ‘but that his form is’.

32 Gk.m ‘And he does not believe that he is his son, but that he is from the angels’ (after this one line of text seems to have dropped out and what remains of the verse is corrupt).

33 Gk.m ‘Then I answered, saying’.

34 Gk.m in part obscure, ‘The Lord will make a new command on the earth, and in the same way (?), my son, I have seen and made it known to you’.

35 for: in Eth. could also be translated ‘that’.

36 GGaQD′T2 and some Eth.II MSS ‘my’.

37 some … Lord: N ‘the angels of heaven transgressed the word of my Lord’; D′ Gk.m ‘they transgressed the word of the (D′ ‘my’) Lord, departing from the covenant of heaven’.

38 Gk.m ‘custom’.

39 by them: GaQAN om.

40 GaEHKNC′ om.

41 and have begotten … earth: Gk.m ‘and they bear children not like spirits, but of flesh. And there will be great wrath on the earth’ (cp. verse 17).

42 there will be: Gk.m om.

43 to you: Gk.m om.

44 on the earth: Gk.m om.

45 with him: Gk.m om.

46 all the men: Gk.m ‘those’.

47 he and his sons will be saved: GGaQD′ Gk.m om. (probably repeated by mistake). GGa also om., but by hmt., ‘They will beget on the earth’. For Gk.m cp. also note 48.

48 They will beget … wrath on the earth: Gk.m om., but has a very similar passage at the end of verse 14 and the beginning of verse 15 (cp. note 41). Verse 17a in Eth. is probably an alternative version of the end of verse 14 and the beginning of verse 15 which has been introduced into the text in the wrong place.

49 Gk.m ‘and he will calm the earth from the corruption that is on it’.

50 Gk.m ‘And now tell Lamech’.

51 that … his son: Gk.m ‘He is your son in truth and holiness’.

52 Gk.m adds ‘whereby you will have rest’ (after this there appears to be a lacuna, and the text of the remainder of the verse is obscure).

53 Verse 19 down as far as ‘Lord’ has not survived in Gk.m.

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