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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter VI

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Text Commentary

1And the men led me up from there and carried me up 1 from there…up = BNBa: U om. to the fourth heaven. 2And behold, they showed me there all the movements 2 BR add ‘and displacements’. and all the rays of the sun and moon. 3And I measured their movement and compared their light; and I saw that the sun has a light seven times greater than the moon. 3 U ‘sun’. Their 4 U ‘its’. path and the chariot on which each of them travels is like the wind in motion; and there is no rest for them as they go and return by day and night. 4And I saw four great stars hanging on the right of the sun's chariot and four on the left, which go with the sun eternally. 5And I saw angels going before the sun's chariot, flying spirits: twelve wings has each angel that draws the sun's chariot, carrying the dew and the heat, when the Lord commands them to go down to earth with the sun's rays.

6And the men took me to the east of the heaven. 7And they showed me the doors through which the sun goes out according to the times appointed, and according to the circuits of the moon 5 B ‘months’. of the whole year, and according to the shortening and lengthening 6 So Ba: U is corrupt. of the days and of the nights. 7 and of the nights = B etc.: U om. 8 And they showed me six doors, one open, at a distance of thirty stades; and I tried to measure their size, but I could not. 8 Lit. ‘and I measured their size and I could not comprehend their size’. 9Through them the sun enters 9 N ‘rises’. and goes to the west. 10Through the first door he goes out forty-two days, through the second thirty-five days, through the third thirty-five days, through the fourth thirty-five days, through the fifth thirty-five days, through the sixth forty-two days. 11And again, returning through the sixth door according to the circuit of the seasons, he goes in through the fifth door thirty-five days, through the fourth door thirty-five days, through the third door thirty-five days, through the second thirty-five days. 12And the days of the year are ended according to the cycle of the seasons. 10 R ‘the four seasons’.

13And the men led me up to the west of the heaven and showed me there the six great doors, open according to the circuit of the heavenly eastern doors opposite, through which the sun sets according to his entering 11 BNBa ‘rising’. through the eastern doors and according to the number of the days. 12 R adds ‘three hundred and sixty-five and a quarter’. 14Thus he sets through the western doors; and when he comes out from the western doors four angels take his crown and carry it up to the Lord. 15But the sun turns his chariot and goes without light; and there 13 NBa add ‘at the eastern doors’. they put the crown on him. 16They showed me this numbering 14 So R: U reads ‘waxing’, which is in all probability a corruption of ‘numbering’. of the sun and of the doors through which he goes in and out; for these doors the Lord made, and he appoints the sun to be the hour-keeper of the year.

17And of the moon they showed me another numbering: they showed me all her movements and all her circuits and her 15 and her = BN: U om. doors. 18They showed me twelve doors to the east: they showed me the doors of the crown, 16 circuits…crown. The passage is corrupt. On the basis of the variants Vaillant emends ‘circuits, and they showed me her doors. They showed me twelve doors like a crown to the east, and twelve such doors like a crown to the west’. through which the moon goes in and out according to the accustomed times. 19Through the first door to the east thirty-one 17 B ‘thirty’. days certainly, and through the second thirty-five days certainly, and through the third thirty-one 18 BR ‘thirty’. days exceptionally, and through the fourth thirty days certainly, and through the fifth thirty-one 17 B ‘thirty’. days extraordinarily, and through the sixth thirty-one days certainly, through the seventh thirty days certainly, through the eighth thirty-one days extraordinarily, and through the ninth thirty-one days precisely, and through the tenth thirty days certainly, through the eleventh thirty-one days exceptionally, through the twelfth door she enters twenty-two days 19 So R: U is corrupt. certainly. 20And so also through the western doors, according to the cycle and number of the eastern doors: thus she goes in also through the western doors; and she completes the year with three hundred and sixty-four 20 So BNBa: UR ‘three hundred and sixty-five’. days. 21She goes into the year with four exceptional quarter days: for this reason they are excepted and set apart from the heaven and the year and are not counted in the number of the days; for they change 21 So BNBaR: U ‘exceed’. the seasons of the year, two new moons when she is waxing and a second two new moons when she is waning. 22 and a second…waning = B: U om. The passage is obscure. 22When she finishes at the western doors, she returns and goes to the eastern with her light: thus she goes day and night in a circle. 23Her orbit is like the sky; and the chariot on which she goes up is a wind in motion, and drawing her chariot are her flying spirits, each angel having six wings. 24This is the numbering of the moon.

25In the midst of the heaven I saw an armed host serving the Lord 23 So BNBaR: U ‘God’. on cymbals and organs and with a ceaseless voice; and I was enchanted as I listened to them. 24 and I was…to them = BNBaR: U om.

Notes:

1 from there…up = BNBa: U om.

2 BR add ‘and displacements’.

3 U ‘sun’.

4 U ‘its’.

5 B ‘months’.

6 So Ba: U is corrupt.

7 and of the nights = B etc.: U om.

8 Lit. ‘and I measured their size and I could not comprehend their size’.

9 N ‘rises’.

10 R ‘the four seasons’.

11 BNBa ‘rising’.

12 R adds ‘three hundred and sixty-five and a quarter’.

13 NBa add ‘at the eastern doors’.

14 So R: U reads ‘waxing’, which is in all probability a corruption of ‘numbering’.

15 and her = BN: U om.

16 circuits…crown. The passage is corrupt. On the basis of the variants Vaillant emends ‘circuits, and they showed me her doors. They showed me twelve doors like a crown to the east, and twelve such doors like a crown to the west’.

17 B ‘thirty’.

18 BR ‘thirty’.

19 So R: U is corrupt.

20 So BNBa: UR ‘three hundred and sixty-five’.

21 So BNBaR: U ‘exceed’.

22 and a second…waning = B: U om. The passage is obscure.

23 So BNBaR: U ‘God’.

24 and I was…to them = BNBaR: U om.

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