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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter X

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Text Commentary

1And when I heard the voice speaking words like this to me, I looked this way and that; and behold, there was no sign of anyone. 1 Lit. ‘no breath of man’. 2And I was terrified: my senses left me; and I became like a stone and fell down upon the ground. 2 JK add ‘for there was no strength in me to stand upon the ground’. 3And while I was still on my face on 4the ground, I heard the voice saying, Go, Naoil, 3 JK ‘Altez’. and by virtue of my ineffable name sanctify that man to me, and strengthen him in his terror. 5And the angel that he sent to me came, and he was in appearance like a man; and he took me by the right hand and set me on my feet. 6And he said to me, Stand up, friend of God, who loves you; and let no human terror hold you in its grip. 7For behold, I am sent to you to strengthen you, and to bless you in the name of God, the creator of heaven and earth, who loves you. 8Take courage, and come with me to meet him with all speed. 4 Lit. ‘Take courage and hasten to him’. 9I am Iloil, 5 J ‘Aol’; K ‘Jaol’. so named by him who shakes what is with me on the seventh expanse above the vault of heaven, a power by virtue of the ineffable name that dwells in me. 10I am he who is appointed by his command to appease the strife the cherubic creatures have with one another, and to teach those who bear him the song 6 those … song = JK: S is corrupt. decreed for the seventh hour of the human night. 11I am he who is ordained to restrain 12Leviathan; for the attack and threat of every reptile are subdued by me. 7 JK add ‘I am he who has been commanded to loosen hell and to destroy those who wonder (J ‘him who wonders’) at dead things’. Landsman translates ‘…destroy him who stareth at (or ‘terrifieth’) the dead’. 13I am he who was commanded to set fire to your father's house, and to destroy him with it, 8 Lit. ‘to your father's house with him’. for he gave honour to dead things. 14 And I am sent to you now to bless you and to bless the land which the Eternal One, whom you have invoked, has made ready for you; and it is for your sake that I have made the journey to earth. 15Stand up Abraham: take courage and come: rejoice and be glad at heart; and I will rejoice with you; for eternal honour has been prepared for you by the Eternal One. 16Come, carry through the sacrifice as you have been commanded; for behold, I am appointed to be with you and with the people who are to spring from you. 9 Lit. ‘the people prepared from you’. Cp. xxii. 7. 17And with me Michael gives you his blessing to eternity. 18Take courage: come.

Notes:

1 Lit. ‘no breath of man’.

2 JK add ‘for there was no strength in me to stand upon the ground’.

3 JK ‘Altez’.

4 Lit. ‘Take courage and hasten to him’.

5 J ‘Aol’; K ‘Jaol’.

6 those … song = JK: S is corrupt.

7 JK add ‘I am he who has been commanded to loosen hell and to destroy those who wonder (J ‘him who wonders’) at dead things’. Landsman translates ‘…destroy him who stareth at (or ‘terrifieth’) the dead’.

8 Lit. ‘to your father's house with him’.

9 Lit. ‘the people prepared from you’. Cp. xxii. 7.

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