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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter XXVI

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Text Commentary

1And in the seventh year of this week Isaac called Esau, his elder son, and said to him, I am old, my son, and behold my eyes have failed, and I do not know when I shall die. 2And now, take your hunting gear, your quiver and your bow, and go out into the country, and go hunting and get some venison for me, my son, and make me a dish 1 Lit. ‘make me food’. of the kind I like, and bring it to me to eat, so that I may give you my blessing before I die. 3But Rebecca heard Isaac talking to Esau. 4And Esau went out early into the country to go hunting and get the venison and bring it home to his father.

5And Rebecca called her son Jacob and said to him, Behold, I heard your father Isaac talking to your brother Esau, saying, Go out hunting for me, and make me a dish 1 Lit. ‘make me food’. of the kind I like, and bring it to me, so that I may give you my blessing before I die. 6And now, my son, listen to me and do what I tell you: go to your flock and fetch me two choice kids from the goats, and I will make them into a dish 2 Lit. ‘make them into food’. for your father of the kind he likes, and you shall take it to your father, so that he may eat it and bless you in the Lord's presence before he dies, and you may be blessed instead of Esau. 7And Jacob said to his mother Rebecca, Mother, I am not being niggardly about providing what my father likes to eat and what would please him: I am only afraid, mother, that he will recognise my voice and want to touch me. 8And you know that I am smooth, but my brother Esau is hairy, and he will think I am a blackguard and doing something he has not told me to do; and he will be angry with me, and I shall bring a curse on myself and not a blessing. 9And his mother Rebecca said to him, Let your curse fall on me, my son: only do what I say.

10And Jacob did as his mother Rebecca told him, and he went and fetched two choice fat kids from the goats and brought them to his mother, and his mother made them into a dish 3 Lit. ‘made them into food’. of the kind that 11 Isaac liked, And Rebecca took her elder son Esau's best clothes that were with her in the house, and clothed her younger son Jacob in them, and she put the skins of the kids on his hands and the exposed parts of his neck. 12And she gave her son Jacob the dish she had cooked and the bread she had baked. 4 Lit. ‘prepared’. 13And Jacob went in to his father and said, I am your son: I have done as you told me: come and sit and eat what I have got for you, father, so that you may give me your blessing. 14And Isaac said to his son, How have you found it so quickly, my son? 15And Jacob said, Because the Lord your God 5 So Lat.: Eth. ‘Because your God’. helped me to find it. 6 Other Eth. readings ‘caused me to find it’ and ‘showed it to me’: Lat. ‘directed it before me’. 16And Isaac said to him, Come close to me, so that I can feel you, my son, to make sure whether you are my son Esau or not. 17And Jacob came close to his father Isaac; and he felt him and said, The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are Esau's hands. 18And he did not recognize him, for it was a dispensation from heaven to remove his powers of perception; 7 Lit. ‘his spirit’. and Isaac did not recognize him because his hands were hairy like Esau's, and so he blessed him. 19And he said, Are you my son Esau? And he said, I am your son. And he said, Bring me the venison that you have found, my son, so that I may eat some of it and give you my blessing. 20And he brought it to him, and he ate it; and he brought him wine and he drank. 21And his father Isaac said to him, Come close and kiss me, my son. And he came close and kissed him.

22And he smelled the smell of his clothes, and he blessed him and said,

Behold, the smell of my son is like the smell of a field 8 So Eth.: Lat. ‘a full field’. which the Lord has blessed. 23 And may the Lord give you in abundance of the dew of heaven And of the dew of the earth, And corn and oil in plenty: May nations serve you And the people bow down to you. 24 Be lord over your brothers, And may your mothers sons bow down to you; And may all the blessings which the Lord has bestowed on me and on my father Abraham, Be bestowed on you and on your descendants for ever. Accursed be the man that curses you, And blessed be the man that blesses you.

25And it came to pass after Isaac had finshed blessing his son Jacob, and after Jacob had left his father Isaac, [he hid himself; and] 9 A later addition according to Charles. his brother Esau came in from his hunting. 26And he also made a dish 10 Lit. ‘made food’. and brought it to his father; and he said to his father, Come, father, and eat of my venison, so that you may give me your blessing. 27And his father Isaac said to him, Who are you? And he said to him, I am your elder son Esau: I have done as you told me. 28And Isaac was greatly astonished and said, Who is it then that has gone out hunting and got venison and brought it to me? I ate all of it before you came in, and I have blessed him, and so he will indeed be blessed, he and all his descendants for ever.

29And it came to pass, when Esau heard what his father Isaac said, he gave a loud and bitter cry, and said to his father, Bless me also, father. 30And he said to him, Your brother has treacherously come and taken away your blessing. And he said, Now I realize why he is called Jacob: behold, he has tricked me twice: he took away my birthright, and now he has taken away my blessing. 31And he said, Have you no blessing left over for me, father? And Isaac answered and said to Esau, Behold, I have made him lord over you, and all his brothers have I given him as servants, and with plenty of corn and wine and oil have I enriched him; and now what can I do for you, my son? 32And Esau said to his father Isaac, Have you only one blessing, 11 Lit. ‘Is your blessing only one?’ father? Bless me also, father. And Esau cried aloud and wept. 33And Isaac answered and said to him,

Behold, of the dew of the earth shall your dwelling be, And of the dew of heaven from above. 34 And by your sword you shall live, And you shall serve your brother. And it shall come to pass, when you have the power, 12 Lit. ‘become great’. And shake his yoke from your neck, It will be counted against you as a deadly sin, 13 Lit. ‘You will sin a complete sin unto death’. And your offspring will be uprooted from under heaven.

35And Esau kept threatening Jacob because of the blessing his father had given him; and he said to himself, I wish the time of mourning for my father would come, so that I can kill my brother Jacob.

Notes:

1 Lit. ‘make me food’.

2 Lit. ‘make them into food’.

3 Lit. ‘made them into food’.

4 Lit. ‘prepared’.

5 So Lat.: Eth. ‘Because your God’.

6 Other Eth. readings ‘caused me to find it’ and ‘showed it to me’: Lat. ‘directed it before me’.

7 Lit. ‘his spirit’.

8 So Eth.: Lat. ‘a full field’.

9 A later addition according to Charles.

10 Lit. ‘made food’.

11 Lit. ‘Is your blessing only one?’

12 Lit. ‘become great’.

13 Lit. ‘You will sin a complete sin unto death’.

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