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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter XXVII

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Text Commentary

1And what Esau, her elder son, was saying was told Rebecca in a dream. 2And Rebecca sent for Jacob, her younger son, and said to him, Behold, your brother Esau is planning to get his own back on you and kill you. 3So now, my son, do what I tell you, and make your escape and go to Laban, my brother in Haran, and stay with him awhile, till your brother's anger cools, and he thinks no more about it, 1 Lit. ‘and he removes his anger from you’. and forgets all you have done to him: then I will send and fetch you back. 4And Jacob said, I am not afraid of him: if he wants to kill me, I will kill him. 5But she said to him, Do not be the cause of my losing both my sons the same day. 6And Jacob said to his mother Rebecca, Behold, you know how old my father is, and he cannot see because his eyes have failed: if I leave him, he will think it wrong of me to leave him and go away from you, and my father will be angry and curse me. I will not go: only if he sends me will I go. 7And Rebecca said to Jacob, I will go in and talk to him, and he will send you away.

8And Rebecca went in and said to Isaac, I am sick to death of 2 Lit. ‘I loathe my life because of’. the two Hittite women that Esau has married; and if Jacob marries a local girl like them, I shall find life unendurable, 3 Lit. ‘to what purpose shall I live further’. for Canaanite women are insufferable. 4 Lit. ‘evil’.

9And Isaac called Jacob and blessed him and admonished him and said to him, Do not choose a wife from among the Canaanites. 10Go now to Mesopotamia, to the house of Bethuel, your mother's father, and find a wife there, one of Laban your mother's brother's daughters. 11And God Almighty bless you, and make you fruitful, and multiply you, so that you may become a host of nations; and may he bestow on you the blessings of my father Abraham, and on your descendants after you, so that you may take possession of the land you live in now, even all the land that God gave to Abraham. Go, my son, in peace. 12And Isaac sent Jacob away; and he went to Mesopotamia, to Laban, the son of Bethuel the Syrian, the brother of Rebecca, Jacob's mother.

13And it came to pass after Jacob had gone away to Mesopotamia, Rebecca fretted after her son and wept. 14And Isaac said to Rebecca, My sister do not weep on my son Jacob's account; for he has gone in peace, and he will return in peace. 15The Most High God will keep him from all evil and be with him and never fail him at any time. 16For I know that his paths will be prospered 5 So Lat.: Eth. ‘that he will prosper’. in every way, wherever he goes, till he returns to us in peace. 17Have no fear on his account, my sister, for he is upright in all his dealings, and a man of integrity and faithful, 6 Or ‘truthful’. and he will come to no harm at all. 18Do not weep. And Isaac comforted Rebecca on account of her son Jacob; and he blessed him.

19And Jacob left the Well of the Oath for Haran in the first year of the second week in the forty-fourth jubilee, and he came to Luz among the mountains (that is Bethel) on the new moon of the first month of this week; and he came to the place in the evening, and turned aside off the road, towards the west, for the night, and he lay down to sleep there 7 Lit. ‘he slept there’. – for the sun had set. 20And he took one of the stones of that place and laid it at his head, 8 So Lat.: Eth. om. ‘at his head’. under the tree; 9 Presumably the ' asherah at the ‘place’ (= ‘sanctuary’). and he was journeying on his own, and went to sleep.

21And that night he had a dream, and behold, a ladder was set up on the ground, and the top of it reached to heaven, and the angels of the Lord were going up and down on it; and behold the Lord was standing on it. 22And he spoke to Jacob and said, I am the Lord, the God of your father Abraham, and the God of Isaac: the land on which you are sleeping will I give to you and your descendants after you. 23And your descendants shall be as numerous as the specks of dust on the ground, and you shall spread west and east, and north and south, and in you and your descendants shall all the tribes of the earth 10 So Lat.: Eth. ‘countries of the nations’. be blessed. 24And behold, I will be with you, and I will protect you wherever you go, and I will bring you back to this land in peace; for I will never leave you until I have done everything I promised you.

25And Jacob woke up from his sleep 11 Text ‘slept a sleep’. and said, Truly this place is the house of the Lord, and I did not know it. And he was afraid and said, How awesome is this place, which is no other than the house of the Lord, and this is the gate of heaven. 26And Jacob got up in the morning early, and he took the stone he had put under his head and set it up as a pillar for a sign, and he poured oil on the top of it; and he named that place Bethel (but the country's name before was Luz). 27And Jacob made a vow 12 Or ‘prayer’. to the Lord saying, If the Lord will be with me and protect me on my journey, and give me bread to eat and clothes to wear, and I come back to my father's house in peace, then shall the Lord be my God, and this stone I have set up as a pillar for a sign in this place shall be the Lord's house; and of all that thou givest me, I will give a tenth to thee, my God.

Notes:

1 Lit. ‘and he removes his anger from you’.

2 Lit. ‘I loathe my life because of’.

3 Lit. ‘to what purpose shall I live further’.

4 Lit. ‘evil’.

5 So Lat.: Eth. ‘that he will prosper’.

6 Or ‘truthful’.

7 Lit. ‘he slept there’.

8 So Lat.: Eth. om. ‘at his head’.

9 Presumably the ' asherah at the ‘place’ (= ‘sanctuary’).

10 So Lat.: Eth. ‘countries of the nations’.

11 Text ‘slept a sleep’.

12 Or ‘prayer’.

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