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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter XXXVIII

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Text Commentary

1And Judah spoke up at once and said to his father Jacob,

Bend your bow, father, and let fly your arrows, And bring low the adversary and slaughter the enemy; And may you have the power, For we will not kill your brother because he is your brother, And we owe him as much honour as we owe to you.

2Then Jacob bent his bow and let fly an arrow and shot his brother Esau in the right breast, and killed him. 3And he let fly another arrow and shot Adoran the Aramaean in the left breast, and knocked him off his feet and killed him.

4And then Jacob's sons went out with their servants, divided into companies on the four sides of the tower. 5And Judah went out in front, and Naphtali and Gad with him and fifty servants, on the south side of the tower; and they killed everyone they found before them, and not a single one escaped. 6And Levi and Dan and Asher went out on the east side of the tower, and fifty men with them; and they killed the fighting men of Moab and Ammon. 7And Reuben and Issachar and Zebulon went out on the north side of the tower, and fifty men with them; and they killed the fighting men of the Philistines. 8And Simeon and Benjamin and Enoch, Reuben's son, went out on the west side of the tower, and fifty men with them; and they killed four hundred men of Edom and the Horites (stout warriors all of them), and six hundred fled; and four of Esau's sons fled with them and left their father lying dead, just as he had fallen on the hill in Aduram. 9And Jacob's sons pursued them to the mountains of Seir. And Jacob buried his brother on the hill in Aduram and returned home.

10And Jacob's sons pressed hard on 1 So Eth.: Lat. ‘surrounded’. Esau's sons in the mountains in Seir and subdued them, 2 Lit. ‘made them bow their necks’. so that they became their servants. 3 Lit. ‘became servants of Jacob's sons’. 11And they sent to their father asking whether they should make peace with them or kill them. 12And Jacob sent word to his sons that they should make peace; and they made peace with them and laid on them the yoke of servitude, so that they paid tribute to Jacob and his sons in perpetuity. 13And they continued to pay tribute to Jacob till the day he went down into Egypt. 14And the Edomites have not got quit of the yoke of servitude that Jacob's twelve sons imposed on them to this day.

15And these are the kings that reigned in Edom before there reigned any king over Israel – to this day in the land of Edom. 4 Charles bracketed ‘to this day’ as an insertion. Perhaps both phrases are dittographs. 16And Balak, the son of Beor, reigned in Edom, and the name of his city was Dinhaba. 17And Balak died, and was succeeded by Jobab, the son of Zerah of Bosra. 18And Jobab died, and was succeeded by Husham from Teman. 19And Husham died, and was succeeded by Adath, the son of Barad, who defeated Midian in Moabite territory, and the name of his city was Avith. 20And Adath died, and was succeeded by Salman from Amaseqa. 21And Salman died, and was succeeded by Saul of Rehoboth by the river. 22And Saul died, and was succeeded by Baal-Hanan, the son of Achbor. 23And Baal-Hanan, the son of Achbor, died, and was succeeded by Adath; and the name of his wife was Maitabith, the daughter of Matarat, the daughter of Metabedzaab. 24These are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom.

Notes:

1 So Eth.: Lat. ‘surrounded’.

2 Lit. ‘made them bow their necks’.

3 Lit. ‘became servants of Jacob's sons’.

4 Charles bracketed ‘to this day’ as an insertion. Perhaps both phrases are dittographs.

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