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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter VI

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Text Commentary

1And when I was going to my father, I found a bronze shield (hence the name of mount Aspis, which is 1 So II: b ‘for it is’. near Gebal to the south of Abila). 2,3And I kept these things in mind. I urged my father and my brother Reuben to tell the sons of Hamor they must be circumcised – for I was furious at the abominable thing they had done in Israel. 4And I killed Shechem first, and Simeon killed Hamor. 5And afterwards our brothers came and put the city to the sword. 6And our father heard about it and was angry, and he was grieved that they had accepted circumcision and after that had been put to death; and in his blessings he made an exception of us among our brothers. 2 Lit. ‘he did (or ‘made’) otherwise’. Whatever precisely this obscure expression may mean, there can be no doubt that it refers to Gen. xlix. 7 , where Simeon and Levi are cursed by Jacob and told they will be ‘scattered in Israel’. 7For we sinned because we had done this against his will (he 3 So b c: II-c ‘I’. was in fact unwell that day). 8But I saw that God had pronounced sentence 4 Lit. ‘that there was a sentence of God for evils’. on Shechem because they had wanted to do to Sarah what they had done to our sister Dinah; and the Lord prevented them. 9And so too they had persecuted our father Abraham as a foreigner; and they trampled on 5 So bl: II-l ‘they vexed’ (g is absent). his flocks when they were pregnant, and they shamefully ill-treated Jeblae, who had been born in his household. 10And they behaved like this to all foreigners: they took their wives away from them by force and then sent them away. 11But retribution from the Lord 6 Lit. ‘the Lord's wrath’. overtook them at last.

Notes:

1 So II: b ‘for it is’.

2 Lit. ‘he did (or ‘made’) otherwise’. Whatever precisely this obscure expression may mean, there can be no doubt that it refers to Gen. xlix. 7 , where Simeon and Levi are cursed by Jacob and told they will be ‘scattered in Israel’.

3 So b c: II-c ‘I’.

4 Lit. ‘that there was a sentence of God for evils’.

5 So bl: II-l ‘they vexed’ (g is absent).

6 Lit. ‘the Lord's wrath’.

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