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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter XLIV

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Text Commentary

1And Israel set out from his house in Hebron 1 Text ‘Haran’. on the new moon of the third month; and he went by way of the Well of the Oath and offered a sacrifice to the God of his father Isaac on the seventh of this month. 2And Jacob remembered the dream he had had at Bethel, and he was afraid to go down to Egypt. 3And he thought of sending word to Joseph to come to him, saying that he would not go down; and he stayed there seven days in the hope that he might see a vision telling him either to stay where he was or go down to Egypt. 4And he kept the harvest festival of the first-fruits with old grain, for in all the land of Canaan, there was not even a handful of seed in the land, for the famine had affected all the wild animals and cattle and birds as well as men.

5And on the sixteenth the Lord appeared to him and said to him, Jacob, Jacob. And he said, Here I am. And he said to him, I am the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham and Isaac: do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you a great nation there. 6I will go down with you, and I will bring you up again, and in this land you shall be buried, and Joseph shall close your eyes. 2 Lit. ‘put his hand upon your eyes’. Do not be afraid: go down to Egypt. 7And he got up, and his sons and his grandsons, and they put their father and their possessions on the wagons. 8And Israel left the Wall of the Oath on the sixteenth of this third month and set out for the land of Egypt.

9And Israel sent Judah before him to his son Joseph to inspect the land of Goshen, for Joseph had told his brothers to come and settle there so that they could be near him. 10And this was the finest region in the land of Egypt, and near to him – the best for all of them and also for their cattle.

11And these are the names of Jacob's sons who entered Egypt with their father Jacob. 12Reuben, Israel's eldest; and these are the names of his sons – Enoch and Pallu and Hezron and Carmi (five altogether). 13Simeon and his sons; and these are the names of his sons – Jemuel and Jamin and Ohad and Jachin and Zohar and Saul, the son of a Phoenician 3 So the majority of MSS (‘Fenesawit’). Charles, following Rönsch, preferred the reading of a single MS (‘Sifnawat’), which, in the light of the mention of Zephath at Judges i. 17 , he rendered ‘Zephathite’. woman (seven altogether). 14Levi and his sons; and these are the names of his sons – Gershon and Kohath and Merari (four altogether). 15Judah and his sons; and these are the names of his sons – Shelah and Perez and Zerah (four altogether). 16Issachar and his sons; and these are the names of his sons – Tola and Phua and Jasub and Shimron (five altogether). 17Zebulon and his sons; and these are the names of his sons – Saar and Elon and Jahleel (four altogether). 18And these are Jacob's sons (and their sons), whom Leah bore to Jacob in Mesopotamia – six sons, and their only sister Dinah; and Leah's sons, and their sons, who entered Egypt with their father Jacob, were twenty-nine in all, and including their father Jacob there were thirty of them. 19And the sons of Zilpah, Leah's slave-girl, Jacob's wife, that she bore to Jacob, were Gad and Asher. 20And these are the names of their sons who entered Egypt with him: the sons of Gad – Ziphion and Haggi and Shuni and Ezbon 〈and Eri〉 and Areli and Arodi (eight altogether); 21and the sons of Asher – Imnah and Ishvah 〈and Ishvi〉 and Beriah and Serah, their only sister (six altogether). 22Zilpah thus had fourteen descendants; and so Leah's total was forty-four. 4 Lit. ‘All the souls were fourteen; and all those of Leah were forty-four’.

23And the sons of Jacob's wife Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin. 24And there were born to Joseph in Egypt, before his father came into Egypt, the two sons that 5 Lit. ‘those whom’. Asenath the daughter of Potiphar, priest of Heliopolis, bore to him – Manasseh and Ephraim (three altogether). 25And the sons of Benjamin – Bela and Becher and Ashbel and Guad and Naaman and Abdeyo and Rosh and Senanim and Huppim and Gaam (eleven altogether). 26Rachel thus had fourteen descendants. 6 Lit. ‘And all the souls of Rachel were fourteen’. 27And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's slave-girl, Jacob's wife, that she bore to Jacob, were Dan and Naphtali. 28And these are the names of their sons who entered Egypt with them. The sons of Dan were Hushim and Samon and Asudi and Ijaka and Salomon (six altogether). 29And the last four of them 7 Lit. ‘And they’. died in the year they entered Egypt, and Dan had Hushim only left. 30And these are the names of the sons of Naphtali – Jahziel and Guni and Jezer and Shallum and Iv. 31And Iv, who was born after the year of famine, died in Egypt. 32Thus Rachel's total altogether was twenty-six. 8 Lit. ‘And all the souls of Rachel were twenty-six’.

33So Jacob's household, when it entered Egypt, numbered seventy – that is his children and his grandchildren numbered seventy in all; but five died in Egypt before Joseph, 9 Alternative reading ‘before they married’. and they had no children. 34And two of Judah's sons, Er and Onan, had died already in the land of Canaan, and they had no children. And Israel's sons buried those who had died, and they were reckoned among the seventy Gentile nations.

Notes:

1 Text ‘Haran’.

2 Lit. ‘put his hand upon your eyes’.

3 So the majority of MSS (‘Fenesawit’). Charles, following Rönsch, preferred the reading of a single MS (‘Sifnawat’), which, in the light of the mention of Zephath at Judges i. 17 , he rendered ‘Zephathite’.

4 Lit. ‘All the souls were fourteen; and all those of Leah were forty-four’.

5 Lit. ‘those whom’.

6 Lit. ‘And all the souls of Rachel were fourteen’.

7 Lit. ‘And they’.

8 Lit. ‘And all the souls of Rachel were twenty-six’.

9 Alternative reading ‘before they married’.

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