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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter XLV

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Text Commentary

1And Israel came into Egypt, into the land of Goshen, on the new moon of the fourth month, in the second year of the third week of the forty-fifth jubilee. 2And Joseph went to the land of Goshen to meet his father Jacob; and he threw his arms round his father's neck and wept. 3And Israel said to Joseph, Now I can die in peace, for I have seen you again alive; and now may the Lord God of Israel be blessed, the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac, who has not held back his mercy and his grace from his servant Jacob. 4It is enough for me that I have seen your face while I am 1 Charles would emend ‘I am’ to ‘you are’ to accord with Gen. xlvi. 30. still alive. True indeed is the vision that I saw at Bethel. Blessed be the Lord my God for ever and ever, and blessed be his name. 5And Joseph and his brothers ate in their father's presence and drank wine; and Jacob was overjoyed to see Joseph eating with his brothers and drinking in his presence, and he blessed the Creator of all things, who had preserved him and had preserved his twelve sons.

6And Joseph had given his father and brothers the right to settle in the land of Goshen, and in Rameses 2 Eth. ‘Ramesina’. and the surrounding region which he ruled as Pharaoh's viceroy. 3 Lit. ‘before Pharaoh’. And Israel and his sons settled in the land of Goshen, the best part of the land of Egypt; and Israel was a hundred and thirty years old when he entered Egypt. 7And Joseph supported his father and his brothers, and also their possessions, with as much as they needed during the seven years of the famine. 8And the land of Egypt suffered because of the famine. And Joseph acquired all the land for Pharaoh in return for food, and he gained possession of the people and their cattle, and he acquired everything for Pharaoh.

9And the years of famine came to an end, and in the eighth year Joseph gave the people in the land seed-corn 4 Lit. ‘seed and food’. to sow the land, 5 So Lat.: Eth. om. ‘the land’. for 10the river had overflowed all the land of Egypt (in the seven years of the famine it had not 6 So Lat.: Eth. om. ‘not’. overflowed and had irrigated only a few places on the banks of the river, but now it overflowed once more); and the Egyptians sowed the land, and it produced much corn that year. 11And this was the first year of the fourth week of the forty-fifth jubilee. 12And Joseph took a fifth part of all the harvest 7 So Lat.: Eth. ‘of the corn of the harvest’. for the king and left four parts for them as seed and food; and Joseph established it as a law for the land of Egypt – a law that has survived till to-day.

13And Israel lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years; and he lived altogether for three jubilees, that is for a hundred and forty seven years, and he died in the fourth year of the fifth week of the forty-fifth jubilee. 14And Israel blessed his sons before he died and told them everything that would happen to them in the land of Egypt, and made known to them what would come upon them in the last days; and he blessed them and gave Joseph two portions in the land. 15And he slept with his fathers and was buried in the double cave in the land of Canaan, near Abraham his father, in the grave which he dug for himself in the double cave in the neighbourhood 8 Lit. ‘land’. of Hebron. 16And he gave all his books and his fathers' books to his son Levi, to preserve them and keep them in repair 9 Or ‘have fresh copies made of them’: lit. ‘renew them’. for his children till to-day.

Notes:

1 Charles would emend ‘I am’ to ‘you are’ to accord with Gen. xlvi. 30.

2 Eth. ‘Ramesina’.

3 Lit. ‘before Pharaoh’.

4 Lit. ‘seed and food’.

5 So Lat.: Eth. om. ‘the land’.

6 So Lat.: Eth. om. ‘not’.

7 So Lat.: Eth. ‘of the corn of the harvest’.

8 Lit. ‘land’.

9 Or ‘have fresh copies made of them’: lit. ‘renew them’.

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