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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter XV

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Text Commentary

A three headed female demon, called Enepsigus, who is also ‘called by countless names’. 1 Reminiscent of Artemis, who had three forms, being also the moon and, as Hecate, a goddess of the underworld. The epithet μυϱιώνυμος recalls Isis, who also had connections with the moon. She has connections with the moon and can be brought down by enchantment, inhibited by Rathanael. She prophecies to Solomon the division of his kingdom and the destruction of the temple, when the jars in which he has enclosed the demons will be broken and they will be dispersed over the world again, until the son of God should be stretched upon a tree, he whose number is 644–i.e., Emmanuel. 2 If the Greek letters of Emmanuel are taken as numerical symbols they add up to 644, though, of course, 644 would normally be expressed by the three letters χμδ (as it is here). Solomon does not believe her until his death, when he writes the Testament to warn the children of Israel about the demons. He orders her to be fettered with unbreakable bonds.

Notes:

1 Reminiscent of Artemis, who had three forms, being also the moon and, as Hecate, a goddess of the underworld. The epithet μυϱιώνυμος recalls Isis, who also had connections with the moon.

2 If the Greek letters of Emmanuel are taken as numerical symbols they add up to 644, though, of course, 644 would normally be expressed by the three letters χμδ (as it is here).

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