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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter IV

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Text Commentary

1And now, Hezekiah, and son Josab, at the consummation of the world it will happen like this. 1 Lit. ‘these are the days of the consummation of the world’. For ‘consummation’ Eth. has an unusual form, which might be rendered ‘calling’, but in any case it can hardly be right. Gk. has been imperfectly preserved, though there is little doubt that the word here was ‘filling’ or ‘filling up’. 2At the consummation 2 Lit. ‘After it is consummated’. Beliar, the great prince, will come down, the king of this world, who has had dominion over it since it first came into being: he will come down from his abode in the vault of heaven 3 Lit. ‘from his firmament’. in the form of a man, as a lawless king and a matricide. 3And this king 4 The translation here offers a slightly abbreviated version of both Eth. and Gk. texts, neither of which in its present form gives an entirely satisfactory sense. will persecute the plant which the twelve apostles of the Beloved have planted; and one of the twelve will be delivered into his hand. 4Beliar 5 C Gk. ‘this prince’: AB ‘this prince Beliar’. will come in the form of that king, 6 So BC Gk.: A ‘even this king will come’. and all the powers of this world will come with him, and they will do whatever it is he wants. 5At his command the sun will rise during the night, and he will make the moon appear at mid-day. 6And he will have his own way in the world over everything: he will act and speak like 7 So AC: B ‘he will make himself like’. the Beloved and will say, It is I who am the Lord, and before me there has been no other. 7And all the people in the world will believe in him. 8And they will sacrifice to him and serve him, saying, This is the Lord, and beside him there is no other. 9And he will turn away the greater part of those who have been united to receive the Beloved after him. 10And the effect of his miracles will be felt in every city and in every place. 11,12And he will set up an image of himself in every city. And he will rule for three years and seven 8 So AC: B ‘three’. months and twenty-seven days. 13And of the faithful and of the saints who saw him in whom they hoped (him who was crucified, that is Jesus, the Lord Christ) – after that I, Isaiah, had seen him who was crucified and ascended 9 Charles thought this parenthesis ‘an editorial addition made to adapt the Testament of Hezekiah to its present context’. – and of those too who have believed in him without seeing him, few will be left as his servants in those days. They will flee from one desert place to another as they await his coming.

14And after 〈 one thousand 〉 three hundred and thirty-two 10 A reads ‘three hundred and thirty and two’ (without ‘one thousand’); BC ‘thirty times one hundred and thirty-two’. days the Lord with his angels and with the hosts of the holy ones 11 Or ‘saints’. will come from the seventh heaven with the glory of the seventh heaven, and he will take Beliar and his hosts away to Gehenna. 15And he will give rest to the godly that he finds still in the flesh in this world [while the sun will be ashamed 12 Cp. Isa. xxiv. 23 . ] and to all who through faith in him have cursed Beliar and his kings. 16But the saints will come with the Lord, with their garments that are now stored up on high in the seventh heaven: with the Lord will come those whose spirits are reclothed, and they will come down and will be in the world; and he will strengthen those found in the flesh together with the saints, in the garments of the saints, and the Lord will minister to those who have kept watch in this world. 17And after that, they will change into their garments from on high, and their flesh will be left behind in this world. 18Then will the voice of the Beloved rebuke the heaven and the earth 13 So A: B ‘the heaven and that which is of the earth’; C ‘that which is in the heaven and that which is of the earth’. Charles, by a slight emendation, ‘the things of heaven and the things of earth’. in anger, and the mountains and the hills, and the cities and the desert, and the trees, and the angel of the sun 14 B om. ‘and the angel of the sun’. and the angel of the moon, 15 So BC: A ‘and the moon’. and everything Beliar has used to publicize himself and his activities in this world. Then will come the resurrection and the judgement; and the Beloved will send fire among them, 16 Lit. ‘will cause a fire to go up from him’. and it will burn up all the ungodly, and they will be as though they had never been.

19And the rest of the details 17 Lit. ‘words’. of the vision is written in the vision of Babylon. 20And the rest of the vision of the Lord, behold, it is written in the parables I have written down in the book which contains my public prophecies. 21And the descent of the Beloved into Sheol, behold, it is written in the place 18 So AC: B ‘the psalms’. where the Lord says, Behold, my son will understand. 19 i.e. Isa. lii. 13 (LXX). And all these things are written in the Psalms, 20 Charles thought ‘the Psalms’ a gloss, added to explain ‘the parables of David’. in the parables of David, the son of Jesse, and in the Proverbs of Solomon his son, and in the words of Korah and of Ethan the Israelite, and in the words of Asaph, and also in the other psalms which the angel of the Spirit has inspired (that is in 22those 21 So BC: A ‘and in those’. which have no name attached to them), and in the words of my father Amos, and of the prophet Hosea, and of Micah, and of Joel, and of Nahum, and of Jonah, and of Obadiah, and of Habakkuk, and of Haggai, and of Zephaniah, and of Zechariah, 22 So AC: B ‘and of Zechariah, and of Zephaniah’. and of Malachi, and in the words of Joseph the just, and in the words of Daniel.

Notes:

1 Lit. ‘these are the days of the consummation of the world’. For ‘consummation’ Eth. has an unusual form, which might be rendered ‘calling’, but in any case it can hardly be right. Gk. has been imperfectly preserved, though there is little doubt that the word here was ‘filling’ or ‘filling up’.

2 Lit. ‘After it is consummated’.

3 Lit. ‘from his firmament’.

4 The translation here offers a slightly abbreviated version of both Eth. and Gk. texts, neither of which in its present form gives an entirely satisfactory sense.

5 C Gk. ‘this prince’: AB ‘this prince Beliar’.

6 So BC Gk.: A ‘even this king will come’.

7 So AC: B ‘he will make himself like’.

8 So AC: B ‘three’.

9 Charles thought this parenthesis ‘an editorial addition made to adapt the Testament of Hezekiah to its present context’.

10 A reads ‘three hundred and thirty and two’ (without ‘one thousand’); BC ‘thirty times one hundred and thirty-two’.

11 Or ‘saints’.

12 Cp. Isa. xxiv. 23 .

13 So A: B ‘the heaven and that which is of the earth’; C ‘that which is in the heaven and that which is of the earth’. Charles, by a slight emendation, ‘the things of heaven and the things of earth’.

14 B om. ‘and the angel of the sun’.

15 So BC: A ‘and the moon’.

16 Lit. ‘will cause a fire to go up from him’.

17 Lit. ‘words’.

18 So AC: B ‘the psalms’.

19 i.e. Isa. lii. 13 (LXX).

20 Charles thought ‘the Psalms’ a gloss, added to explain ‘the parables of David’.

21 So BC: A ‘and in those’.

22 So AC: B ‘and of Zechariah, and of Zephaniah’.

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