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The Oxford Bible Commentary Line-by-line commentary for the New Revised Standard Version Bible.



Avigad, N. (1983), Discovering Jerusalem (Nashville: Nelson).

Balch, S. (1985), ‘The Neutered Civil Servant: Eunuchs, Celibates, Abductees, and the Maintenance of Organizational Loyalty’, Journal of Social and Behavioural Structures, 8/44: 313–28.

Baskauskas, L. (1981), ‘The Lithuanian Refugee Experience and Grief’, International Migration Review, 15/11: 276–91.

Berquist, J. (1995), Judaism in Persia's Shadow: A Social and Historical Approach (Minneapolis: Fortress).

Betylon, J. W. (1992), ‘Weights and Measures’, ABD vi: 897–908.

Bickermann, E. (1976), ‘The Edict of Cyrus in Ezra 1’, Studies in Jewish and Christian History, 1 (Leiden: Brill).

Blenkinsopp, J. (1988), Ezra-Nehemiah, OTL (London: SCM).

Boyce, M. (1975–82), A History of Zoroastrianism, Handbuch der Orientalistik (Leiden: Brill), i, ii.

Carroll, R. (1992), ‘Coopting the Prophets: Nehemiah and Noadiah’, in J. Wright, R. Carroll, and P. Davies (eds.), Priests, Prophets and Scribes (Festschrift for J. Blenkinsopp), JSOTSup 149 (Sheffield: Sheffield University Press).

Carter, C. (1991), ‘A Social and Demographic Study of Post-Exilic Judah’, diss., Duke University, NC.

Clines, D. (1984), Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, NCB (Basingstoke: Marshall, Morgan, & Scott).

Cook, J. M. (1983), The Persian Empire (New York: Schocken).

Cozer, L. (1972), ‘The Alien as Servant of Power: Court Jews and Christian Renegades’, American Sociological Review, 37: 574–81.

Dandamaev, M. (1989), A Political History of the Achaemenid Empire, tr. W. J. Vogel (Leiden: Brill).

——— and Lukonin, V. G. (1989), The Culture and Social Institutions of Ancient Iran, tr. P. L. Kohl (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Davies, G. (1994), A History of Money (Cardiff: University of Wales Press).

Demke, A. (1996), ‘Who Returned First: Ezra or Nehemiah?’, Bible Review (Apr.), 28–33, 46–8.

Depuydt, L. (1995), ‘Murder in Memphis: The Story of Cambyses's Mortal Wounding of the Apis Bull’, JNES 54/22: 119–26.

Ehrlich, A. B. (1914), Randglossen zur hebräischen Bibel (Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs).

Eskenazi, T. (1988), In an Age of Prose: A Literary Approach to Ezra-Nehemiah, SBLMS 36 (Atlanta: Scholars Press).

——— and Judd, E. (1994), ‘Marriage to a Stranger in Ezra 9–10’, in T. Eskenazi and K. Richards (eds.), Temple and Community in the Persian Period, Second Temple Studies, 2 (Sheffield: Sheffield University Press), 266–85.

Fanon, F. (1963), The Wretched of the Earth (New York: Grove).

Fensham, F. C. (1982), The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans).

Firmage, E. (1992), ‘Zoology of the Bible’, ABD vi: 1109–67.

Galling, K. (1951), ‘The “Gola List” According to Ezra 2 Neh. 7’, JBL 70.

———(1961), ‘Serubbabel und der Wiederaufbau des Tempels in Jerusalem’, Verbannung und Heimkehr: Beiträge zur Geschichte und Theologie Israels im 6. und 5. Jahrhundert v. Chr. (Festschrift für W. Rudolph) (Tübingen: Mohr).

———(1964) Studien zur Geschichte Israels im persischen Zeitalter (Tübingen: Mohr).

Georges, P. (1994), Barbarian Asia and the Greek Experience (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press).

Hallock, R. T. (1960), ‘A New Look at the Persepolis Tablets’, JNES 19.

Hasel, G. (1972), The Remnant (Berrian Springs: Andrews University Press).

Hirsch, S. (1985), The Friendship of the Barbarians (London: Tufts University Press).

Hoglund, K. (1992), Achaeminid Imperial Administration in Syria-Palestine and the Missions of Ezra and Nehemiah, SBLDS 125 (Atlanta: Scholars Press).

Ivry, A. L. (1972), ‘Nehemiah 6:10 : Politics and the Temple’, JSJ 3: 35–45.

Japhet, S. (1968), ‘The Supposed Common Authorship of Chronicles and Ezra-Nehemiah Investigated Anew’, VT 18: 330–71.

———(1993), I and II Chronicles (London: Westminster).

Kapelrud, A. S. (1944), The Question of Authorship in the Ezra Narrative: A Lexical Investigation (Oslo: Dybwad).

Kellermann, U. (1967), Nehemia: Quellen, Überlieferung und Geschichte, BZAW 102 (Berlin: Töpelmann).

Kippenburg, H. (1982), Religion und Klassenbildung im antiken Judäa (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht).

Kraeling, E. G. (1953) (ed.), The Brooklyn Museum Aramaic Papyri (New Haven: Yale University Press).

Lanternari, Vittorio (1963), The Religions of the Oppressed, tr. L. Sergio (New York: New American Library of World Literature).

Lapp, P. W., and Lapp, N. L. (1974), Discoveries in the Wadi el Daliyeh, AASOR 41:81.

Lind, M. (1980), Yahweh is a Warrior (Scottdale, Pa.: Herald).

McEvenue, S. (1981), ‘The Political Structure in Judah from Cyrus to Nehemiah’, CBQ 43/4: 353–64.

Memmi, A. (1965), The Colonizer and the Colonized (New York: Beacon).

Morkholm, O. (1991), Early Hellenistic Coinage (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Mumford, L. (1961), The City in History (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich).

Myers, J. M. (1974), I and II Esdras, AB 42 (New York: Doubleday).

Nakasone, S. (1993), Josiah's Passover: Sociology and the Liberating Bible (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis).

Neufeld, E. (1953–4), ‘The Rate of Interest and the Text of Nehemiah 5.11’, JQR NS 44:194–204.

Oded, B. (1979), Mass Deportations and Deportees in the Neo-Assyrian Empire (Weisbaden: Reichert).

Olmstead, A. T. (1933), ‘A Persian Letter in Thucydides’, AJSL 49: 154–61.

Raboteau, A. (1978), Slave Religion (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Rad, G. von (1991), Holy War in Ancient Israel, tr. M. Dawn (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans).

Richards, R. (forthcoming), ‘The Role of the Imperial Decrees in Ezra-Nehemiah’, diss., University of Cape Town.

Rosenthal, F. (1974), A Grammar of Biblical Aramaic (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz).

Rudolph, W. (1949), Esra und Nehemia, HAT 20 (Tübingen: Mohr).

Sauer, G. (1967), ‘Serubbabel in der Sicht Haggais und Sacharjas’, Das ferne und nahe Wort, BZAW 105 (Berlin: Töpelmann).

Scott, J. C. (1985), Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance (New Haven: Yale University Press).

Simons, J. (1959), The Geographical and Topographical Texts of the Old Testament (Leiden: Brill).

Smith, D. L. (1989), The Religion of the Landless: The Sociology of the Babylonian Exile (Bloomington, Ind.: Meyer-Stone).

Smith-Christopher, D. L. (1993), ‘Hebrew Satyagraha: The Politics of Biblical Fasting in the Post-Exilic Period’, Food and Foodways, 5/33: 269–92.

———(1994), ‘The Mixed Marriage Crisis in Ezra 9–10 and Nehemiah 13: A Study of the Sociology of the Post-Exilic Judean Community’, in T. Eskenazi and K. Richards (eds.), Temple and Community in the Persian Period, Second Temple Studies, 2 (Sheffield: Sheffield University Press), 243–65.

———(1996), ‘Between Ezra and Isaiah: Exclusion, Transformation, and Inclusion of the “Foreigner” in Post-Exilic Biblical Theology’, in M. Brett (ed.), Ethnicity and the Bible (Leiden: Brill), 117–42.

Smitten, W. in der (1972–4), ‘Historische Probleme zum Kyrosedikt und zum Jerusalemer Tempelbau von 515’, Persica, 6: 171.

———(1973), Esra: Quellen, Überlieferung und Geschichte, SSN 15 (Assen: Van Gorcum).

Stern, E. (1982), Material Culture of the Land of the Bible in the Persian Period 538–332 BC (Warminster: Aris & Phillips; Jerusalem: IES).

Torrey, C. C. (1970), Ezra Studies (New York: Ktav). Original edn. 1910.

Waterman, L. (1954), ‘The Camouflaged Purge of Three Messianic Conspirators’, JNES 13: 73–8.

Weinberg, J. (1992), The Citizen-Temple Community, JSOTSup 151 (Sheffield: Sheffield University Press).

Weinfeld, M. (1995), Social Justice in Ancient Israel and in the Ancient Near East (Minneapolis: Fortress).

White, R. (1983), Roots of Dependency (Lincoln, Nebr.: University of Nebraska Press).

Williamson, H. G. M. (1985), Ezra, Nehemiah, WBC (Waco, Tex.: Word).

Wiseman, D. J. (1956), Chronicles of Chaldean Kings (626–556 B.C.) in the British Museum (London: British Museum).

Wright, J. (1990), ‘A Tale of Three Cities: Urban Gates, Squares, and Power in Iron Age II, Neo-Babylonian, and Achaemenid Israel’, unpub. essay read at Society for Biblical Literature, Chicago.

Yadin, Y. (1963), The Art of Warfare in Biblical Lands (New York: McGraw Hill).

Yamauchi, E. (1990), Persia and the Bible (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House).

Zograph, A. N. (1977), Ancient Coinage, Br. Arch. Rep. Sup. Ser. 33/1 (Oxford: British Archaeological Reports).

Zucker, H. (1936), Studien zur jüdischen Selbstverwaltung im Altertum (New York: Schocken).

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