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The Oxford Bible Commentary Line-by-line commentary for the New Revised Standard Version Bible.



Albertz, R. (1994), A History of Israelite Religion in the Old Testament Period (2 vols.; London: SCM).

Alter, R. (1981), The Art of Biblical Narrative (London: Allen & Unwin).

Auffret, P. (1983), ‘The Literary Structure of Ex. 6.2–8 ’, JSOT 27: 46–54.

Bimson, J. J. (1978), Redating the Exodus and Conquest, JSOTSup 5 (Sheffield: JSOT).

Blenkinsopp, J. (1992), The Pentateuch: An Introduction to the First Five Books of the Bible (London: SCM).

Brenner, M. L. (1991), The Song of the Sea: Ex. 15, 1–21 , BZAW 195 (Berlin: de Gruyter).

Brichto, H. C. (1963), The Problem of ‘Curse’ in the Hebrew Bible, JBL Monograph Ser. 13 (Philadelphia: Society for Biblical Literature and Exegesis).

Brueggemann, W. (1995), ‘Pharaoh as Vassal: A Study of a Political Metaphor’, CBQ 57: 27–51.

Calvin, J. (1854), Commentary on the Four Last Books of Moses, arranged in the Form of a Harmony, tr. C. W. Bingham (4 vols.; Edinburgh: Calvin Translation Society).

——— (1953), Institutes of the Christian Religion, tr. H. Beveridge (2 vols.; London: James Clarke).

Cassuto, U. (1967), A Commentary on Exodus (Jerusalem: Magnes).

Childs, B. S. (1974), Exodus: A Commentary (London: SCM).

Chirichigno, G. C. (1993), Debt-Slavery in Israel and the Ancient Near East, JSOTSup 141 (Sheffield: JSOT).

Clines, D. (1995a), ‘The Ten Commandments, Reading from Left to Right’, in Interested Parties: The Ideology of Writers and Readers of the Hebrew Bible (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press), 26–45.

——— (1995b), ‘God in the Pentateuch; Reading against the Grain’, ibid. 187–211 .

Croatto, J. S. (1981), Exodus: A Hermeneutics of Freedom (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books).

Cross, F. M. (1973), ‘The Song of the Sea and Canaanite Myth’, in Canaanite Myth and Hebrew Epic (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press), 112–44.

Daube, D. (1947), Studies in Biblical Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Davies, G. I. (1979), The Way of the Wilderness: A Geographical Study of the Wilderness Itineraries in the Old Testament, SOTSMS 5 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Dever, W. G. (1992), ‘Israel, History of (Archaeology and the “Conquest”)’, ABD iii. 545–58.

Durham, J. I. (1987), Exodus, WBC (Waco, Tex.: Word Books).

Exum, J. C. (1993), ‘“You Shall Let Every Daughter Live”: A Study of Exodus 1.8–2.10’, Semeia, 28: 53–82, repr. in Athalya Brenner (ed.), A Feminist Companion to Exodus to Deuteronomy (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1994), 37–61.

——— (1994), ‘Second Thoughts about Secondary Characters: Women in Exodus 1.8–2.10’, ibid. 75–87 .

Fewell, D. N. and Gunn, D. M. (1993), Gender, Power and Promise: The Subject of the Bible's First Story (Nashville: Abingdon).

Finkelstein, I. (1988), The Archaeology of the Israelite Settlement (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society).

Friedman, R. E. (1992), ‘Tabernacle’ in ABD vi. 292–300.

Gerstenberger, E. (1965), Wesen und Herkunft des ‘apodiktischen Rechts’, WMANT 20 (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag).

Gottwald, N. K. (1980), The Tribes of Yahweh: A Sociology of Liberated Israel, 1250–1050 B.C.E. (London, SCM).

Gowan, D. E. (1994), Theology in Exodus: Biblical Theology in the Form of a Commentary (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox).

Gunn, D. M. (1982), ‘The Hardening of Pharaoh's Heart’, in David J. A. Clines, David M. Gunn, and Alan J. Hauser (eds.), Art and Meaning: Rhetoric in Biblical Literature, JSOTSup 19 (Sheffield: JSOT), 72–96.

Gutiérrez, G. (1988), A Theology of Liberation, rev. edn. (London: SCM).

Habel, N. (1965), ‘The Form and Significance of the Call Narratives’, ZAW 77: 297–323.

Haran, M. (1985), Temples and Temple Service in Ancient Israel, 2nd edn. (Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns).

Herrmann, J. (1927), ‘Das zehnte Gebot’, in A. Jirku (ed.), Sellin-Festschrift (Leipzig: A. Deichert), 69–82.

Herrmann, S. (1973), Israel in Egypt, CSBT 2nd ser. 27 (London: SCM).

Hort, G. (1957–8), ‘The Plagues of Egypt’, ZAW 69: 84–103; 70: 48–59.

Houston, W. (1993), Purity and Monotheism: Clean and Unclean Animals in Biblical Law, JSOTSup 140 (Sheffield: JSOT).

———(1997), ‘Misunderstanding or Midrash?’, ZAW 109: 342–55.

Houtman, C. (1993), Exodus, Historical Commentary on the Old Testament (3 vols.; vols. i, ii (1996) Kampen: Kok, vol. iii Leuven: Peeters, 2000), i.

Hughes, J. (1990), Secrets of the Times: Myth and History in Biblical Chronology, JSOTSup 66 (Sheffield: JSOT).

Jackson, B. S. (1989), ‘Ideas of Law and Legal Administration’, in R. E. Clements (ed.), The World of Ancient Israel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 185–202.

Janzen, J. G. (1992), ‘Song of Moses, Song of Miriam: Who is Seconding Whom?’, CBQ 54: 211–20, repr. in Athalya Brenner (ed.), A Feminist Companion to Exodus to Deuteronomy (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1994), 187–99.

Jenson, P. P. (1992), Graded Holiness, JSOTS 106 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press).

Johnstone, W. (1990), Exodus, Old Testament Guides (Sheffield: JSOT).

Kippenberg, H. G. (1982), Religion und Klassenbildung im antiken Judäa: Eine religionssoziologische Studie zum Verhältnis von Tradition und gesellschaftlicher Entwicklung (SUNT 14), 2nd edn. (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht).

Kirkpatrick, P. (1988), The Old Testament and Folklore Study, JSOTSup 62 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press).

Knohl, I. (1994), The Sanctuary of Silence: The Priestly Torah and the Holiness School (Minneapolis: Fortress).

Lang, B. (1983), ‘The Social Organization of Peasant Poverty in Biblical Israel’, in Monotheism and the Prophetic Minority (Sheffield: Almond), 114–27, repr. in Lang, Bernhard (ed.), Anthropological Approaches to the Old Testament (London: SPCK, 1985), 83–99.

Levenson, J. D. (1988), Creation and the Persistence of Evil (San Francisco: Harper & Row).

Luther, M. (1896), ‘The Larger Catechism’, in Wace and Buchheim (eds.), Luther's Primary Works, ii.

Mendenhall, G. E. (1992a), ‘Covenant’ in ABD, i. 1179–1202.

—— (1992b), ‘Midian’ in ABD, iv. 815–18.

Mettinger, T. N. D. (1982), The Dethronement of Sabaoth: Studies in the Shem and Kabod Theologies, ConBOT 18 (Lund: Gleerup).

——— (1995), No Graven Image? Israelite Aniconism in its Ancient Near Eastern Context, ConBoT (Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell Int.).

Meyers, C. (1976), The Tabernacle Menorah (Missoula, Mont.: Scholars Press).

Milgrom, J. (1991), Leviticus 1–16, AB 3 (New York: Doubleday).

Miranda, J. P. (1973), Marx and the Bible (London, SCM).

Moberly, R. W. L. (1983), At the Mountain of God: Story and Theology in Exodus 32–34, JSOTSup 22 (Sheffield: JSOT).

——— (1992), The Old Testament of the Old Testament: Patriarchal Narratives and Mosaic Yahwism (Minneapolis: Fortress).

Moran, W. L. (1967), ‘The Conclusion of the Decalogue (Ex. 20, 17 = Dt. 5, 21 )’, CBQ 29, 543–4.

Nicholson, E. W. (1986), God and his People: Covenant and Theology in the Old Testament (Oxford: Clarendon).

Noth, M. (1962), Exodus: A Commentary (London: SCM).

Patrick, D. (1986), Old Testament Law (London: SCM).

——— (1994), ‘Is the Truth of the First Commandment Known by Reason?’, CBQ 56: 423–41.

Phillips, A. C. J. (1970), Ancient Israel's Criminal Law: A New Approach to the Decalogue (Oxford: Blackwell).

Ramsey, G. W. (1981), The Quest for the Historical Israel (London: SCM).

Redford, D. B. (1963), ‘Exodus 1, 11 ’, VT 13: 401–18.

Robertson, D. (1977), The Old Testament and the Literary Critic (Philadelphia: Fortress).

Robertson, E. (1948), ‘The Altar of Earth (Exodus xx, 24–26 )’, JJS 1: 12–21.

Robinson, G. (1988), The Origin and Development of the Old Testament Sabbath, BBET 21 (Bern: Peter Lang).

Römer, T. (1994), ‘De l'archaïque au subversif: le cas d'Exode 4/24–26’, ETR 69: 1–12.

Rost, L. (1943), ‘Weidewechsel und altisraelitischer Festkalendar’, ZDPV 66: 205–16.

Schmidt, B. B. (1995), ‘The Aniconic Tradition: On Reading Images and Viewing Texts’, in Diana V. Edelman (ed.), The Triumph of Elohim (Kampen: Kok Pharos), 75–105.

Schmidt, W. H. (1988), Exodus 1. Teilband: Exodus 1–6, BKAT (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag).

Smith, G. A. (1918), The Book of Deuteronomy, Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Sprinkle, J. M. (1994), ‘The Book of the Covenant’, a Literary Approach, JSOTSup 174 (Sheffield: JSOT).

Trible, P. (1994), ‘Bringing Miriam out of the Shadows’, in Athalya Brenner (ed.), A Feminist Companion to Exodus to Deuteronomy (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press), 166–86; repr. from Bible Review 5/11 (1989), 170–90.

Van Seters, J. (1994), The Life of Moses: The Yahwist as Historian in Exodus–Numbers (Kampen: Kok Pharos).

Vaux, R. de (1978), The Early History of Israel (2 vols.; London: Darton, Longman & Todd).

—— (1961), Ancient Israel, its Life and Institutions (London: Darton, Longman & Todd).

Wambacq, B. N. (1976), ‘Les Origines de la Pesah israelite’, Biblica, 57: 206–24, 301–26.

Weinfeld, M. (1991), Deuteronomy 1–11 AB 5 (New York: Doubleday).

Wilson, R. R. (1977), Genealogy and History in the Biblical World, YNER 7 (New Haven: Yale University Press).

Zimmerli, W. (1968), ‘Das zweite Gebot’, in Gottes Offenbarung (Munich: Kaiser), 234–48.

——— (1982), ‘I am Yahweh’, in I am Yahweh (Atlanta: John Knox), 1–28.

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